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Mark S George

TitleEndowed Chair, Layton McCurdy Endowed Chair in Psychiatry
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentPsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
AddressP.O. Box MSC 861
PH502C N
67 President St.
Phone843-876-5142
Fax843-792-5702
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    As an undergraduate student in philosophy at Davidson College in Davidson, NC, Dr. George first began studying the relationship between mind and brain, or brain/behavior relationships. He has continued this interest throughout his career with a focus on using brain imaging and brain stimulation to understand depression and devise new treatments.

    He received his medical degree from the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston in 1985, where he continued with dual residencies in both neurology and psychiatry. He is board certified in both areas. Following his residency training he worked for one year (1990-91) as a Visiting Research Fellow in the Raymond Way Neuropsychiatry Research Group at the Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, England. During his fellowship he wrote one of the first textbooks in the new area of brain activation and imaging.

    He then moved to Washington, DC, working with Dr. Robert Post in the Biological Psychiatry Branch of the Intramural National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). During his 4 years at NIMH he was one of the first to use functional imaging (particularly oxygen PET) and discovered that specific brain regions change activity during normal emotions. He then started using imaging to understand brain changes that occur in depression and mania, a quest that he and many others are still pursuing. This imaging work directly led to his pioneering use of a non-invasive brain stimulation method, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), as a probe of neuronal circuits regulating mood, and to clinical trials using TMS as an antidepressant. In 1993 while at the NIMH, he discovered that daily prefrontal rTMS over several weeks could treat depression and ever since he has worked to grow the science of TMS, both in terms of how it works in the brain, and in critically evaluating its therapeutic applications, especially in the area of treating depression. This was FDA approved in October, 2008. He has completed the pivotal study in this area with NIH funding and is now investigating its effectiveness in the VA population through a VA cooperative study.

    In 1995 he moved back to Charleston and built the functional neuroimaging division and brain stimulation laboratories. This imaging group has grown into the MUSC Center for Advanced Imaging Research, which is now part of the SC Brain Imaging Center of Excellence. He continues to use imaging (particularly functional MRI) and non-invasive stimulation (TMS, or VNS), either separately or more recently in combination, to understand the brain regions involved in regulating emotion in health and disease. In June 1998 at MUSC, he also pioneered another new treatment for resistant depression, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). This was FDA approved in 2006. He and his group have used MRI imaging to understand VNS brain effects.

    He is a world expert in brain stimulation, and depression, and is the editor-in-chief of a new journal he launched with Elsevier in 2008 called, Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translation and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation. He has been continuously funded by NIH and other funding agencies since his fellowships. He has received both a NARSAD Young Investigator and Independent Investigator Award to pursue TMS research in depression. He has received numerous international awards including the NARSAD Klerman Award (2000), NARSAD Falcone Award (2008) and the Lifetime Achievement Award (2007) given by the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP). In 2009 US News and World Report named him one of 14 ‘medical pioneers who are not holding back’. He is on several editorial review boards and NIH study sections, has published over 400 scientific articles or book chapters, and has written or edited 6 books.

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    Brain, Dental, Military, Adolescents, Drug Studies, Pain, Psychiatry, Pulmonary, Anxiety, Depression, Healthy Volunteer Studies, Mental Health, Smoking, Stroke

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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Ross RE, Saladin ME, George MS, Gregory CM. High-Intensity Aerobic Exercise Acutely Increases Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Aug; 51(8):1698-1709. PMID: 30829963.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Friedrich D, Li X, Hartwell KJ, Short EB, Sahlem GL, George MS. Tolerability and feasibility of accelerated repetitive transcranial stimulation for reduction of nicotine craving. Brain Stimul. 2019 Jun 20. PMID: 31253502.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Finetto C, Glusman C, Doolittle J, George MS. Presenting ERIK, the TMS phantom: A novel device for training and testing operators. Brain Stimul. 2019 Jul - Aug; 12(4):1095-1097. PMID: 31103454.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kearney-Ramos TE, Dowdle LT, Mithoefer OJ, Devries W, George MS, Hanlon CA. State-Dependent Effects of Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Continuous Thetaburst Stimulation on Cocaine Cue Reactivity in Chronic Cocaine Users. Front Psychiatry. 2019; 10:317. PMID: 31133897.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Sackeim HA, Aaronson ST, Bunker MT, Conway CR, Demitrack MA, George MS, Prudic J, Thase ME, Rushi AJ. The assessment of resistance to antidepressant treatment: Rationale for the Antidepressant Treatment History Form: Short Form (ATHF-SF). J Psychiatr Res. 2019 Jun; 113:125-136. PMID: 30974339.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Fryml LD, Pelic CG, Acierno R, Tuerk P, Yoder M, Borckardt JJ, Juneja N, Schmidt M, Beaver KL, George MS. Exposure Therapy and Simultaneous Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Controlled Pilot Trial for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. J ECT. 2019 Mar; 35(1):53-60. PMID: 29952863.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Charalambous CC, Liang JN, Kautz SA, George MS, Bowden MG. Bilateral Assessment of the Corticospinal Pathways of the Ankle Muscles Using Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. J Vis Exp. 2019 Feb 19; (144). PMID: 30855569.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Badran BW, Yu AB, Adair D, Mappin G, DeVries WH, Jenkins DD, George MS, Bikson M. Laboratory Administration of Transcutaneous Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation (taVNS): Technique, Targeting, and Considerations. J Vis Exp. 2019 Jan 07; (143). PMID: 30663712.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Seo NJ, Lakshminarayanan K, Lauer AW, Ramakrishnan V, Schmit BD, Hanlon CA, George MS, Bonilha L, Downey RJ, DeVries W, Nagy T. Use of imperceptible wrist vibration to modulate sensorimotor cortical activity. Exp Brain Res. 2019 Mar; 237(3):805-816. PMID: 30607471.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Bomyea J, Flashman LA, Zafonte R, Andaluz N, Coimbra R, George MS, Grant GA, Marx CE, McAllister TW, Shutter L, Lang AJ, Stein MB. Associations between neuropsychiatric and health status outcomes in individuals with probable mTBI. Psychiatry Res. 2019 02; 272:531-539. PMID: 30616120.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Isserles M, Daskalakis ZJ, George MS, Blumberger DM, Sackeim HA, Shahaf G. Simple Electroencephalographic Treatment-Emergent Marker Can Predict Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Antidepressant Response-A Feasibility Study. J ECT. 2018 Dec; 34(4):274-282. PMID: 30407932.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Fridriksson J, Rorden C, Elm J, Sen S, George MS, Bonilha L. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation vs Sham Stimulation to Treat Aphasia After Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Neurol. 2018 Dec 01; 75(12):1470-1476. PMID: 30128538.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Badran BW, Ly M, DeVries WH, Glusman CE, Willis A, Pridmore S, George MS. Are EMG and visual observation comparable in determining resting motor threshold? A reexamination after twenty years. Brain Stimul. 2019 Mar - Apr; 12(2):364-366. PMID: 30448078.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Fridriksson J, Basilakos A, Stark BC, Rorden C, Elm J, Gottfried M, George MS, Sen S, Bonilha L. Transcranial direct current stimulation to treat aphasia: Longitudinal analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Brain Stimul. 2019 Jan - Feb; 12(1):190-191. PMID: 30318184.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Caulfield KA, George MS. The Future of Brain Stimulation Treatments. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2018 09; 41(3):515-533. PMID: 30098662.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Yesavage JA, Fairchild JK, Mi Z, Biswas K, Davis-Karim A, Phibbs CS, Forman SD, Thase M, Williams LM, Etkin A, O'Hara R, Georgette G, Beale T, Huang GD, Noda A, George MS. Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Treatment-Resistant Major Depression in US Veterans: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018 Sep 01; 75(9):884-893. PMID: 29955803.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Feng W, Kautz SA, Schlaug G, Meinzer C, George MS, Chhatbar PY. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Poststroke Motor Recovery: Challenges and Opportunities. PM R. 2018 Sep; 10(9 Suppl 2):S157-S164. PMID: 30269802.
      View in: PubMed
    18. George MS. Is There Really Nothing New Under the Sun? Is Low-Dose Ketamine a Fast-Acting Antidepressant Simply Because It Is An Opioid? Am J Psychiatry. 2018 Dec 01; 175(12):1157-1158. PMID: 30153751.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Fridriksson J, Elm J, Stark BC, Basilakos A, Rorden C, Sen S, George MS, Gottfried M, Bonilha L. BDNF genotype and tDCS interaction in aphasia treatment. Brain Stimul. 2018 Nov - Dec; 11(6):1276-1281. PMID: 30150003.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Badran BW, Jenkins DD, DeVries WH, Dancy M, Summers PM, Mappin GM, Bernstein H, Bikson M, Coker-Bolt P, George MS. Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) for improving oromotor function in newborns. Brain Stimul. 2018 Sep - Oct; 11(5):1198-1200. PMID: 30146041.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Badran BW, Brown JC, Dowdle LT, Mithoefer OJ, LaBate NT, Coatsworth J, DeVries WH, Austelle CW, McTeague LM, Yu A, Bikson M, Jenkins DD, George MS. Tragus or cymba conchae? Investigating the anatomical foundation of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS). Brain Stimul. 2018 Jul - Aug; 11(4):947-948. PMID: 29895444.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Lepage C, de Pierrefeu A, Koerte IK, Coleman MJ, Pasternak O, Grant G, Marx CE, Morey RA, Flashman LA, George MS, McAllister TW, Andaluz N, Shutter L, Coimbra R, Zafonte RD, Stein MB, Shenton ME, Bouix S. White matter abnormalities in mild traumatic brain injury with and without post-traumatic stress disorder: a subject-specific diffusion tensor imaging study. Brain Imaging Behav. 2018 Jun; 12(3):870-881. PMID: 28676987.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Kearney-Ramos TE, Dowdle LT, Lench DH, Mithoefer OJ, Devries WH, George MS, Anton RF, Hanlon CA. Transdiagnostic Effects of Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Cue Reactivity. Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2018 07; 3(7):599-609. PMID: 29776789.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Badran BW, Mithoefer OJ, Summer CE, LaBate NT, Glusman CE, Badran AW, DeVries WH, Summers PM, Austelle CW, McTeague LM, Borckardt JJ, George MS. Short trains of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) have parameter-specific effects on heart rate. Brain Stimul. 2018 Jul - Aug; 11(4):699-708. PMID: 29716843.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Chhatbar PY, Kautz SA, Takacs I, Rowland NC, Revuelta GJ, George MS, Bikson M, Feng W. Evidence of transcranial direct current stimulation-generated electric fields at subthalamic level in human brain in vivo. Brain Stimul. 2018 Jul - Aug; 11(4):727-733. PMID: 29576498.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Dowdle LT, Brown TR, George MS, Hanlon CA. Single pulse TMS to the DLPFC, compared to a matched sham control, induces a direct, causal increase in caudate, cingulate, and thalamic BOLD signal. Brain Stimul. 2018 Jul - Aug; 11(4):789-796. PMID: 29530447.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Iriarte IG, George MS. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in the Elderly. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2018 02 10; 20(1):6. PMID: 29427050.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Ricci R, Ghiggia A, La Rosa I, Milano A, Troni W, George MS, Borckardt JJ, Castelli L, Salatino A. Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the motor cortex reduces chronic pain in Alcock canal syndrome. Brain Stimul. 2018 May - Jun; 11(3):648-650. PMID: 29463444.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Mirzaalian H, Ning L, Savadjiev P, Pasternak O, Bouix S, Michailovich O, Karmacharya S, Grant G, Marx CE, Morey RA, Flashman LA, George MS, McAllister TW, Andaluz N, Shutter L, Coimbra R, Zafonte RD, Coleman MJ, Kubicki M, Westin CF, Stein MB, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. Multi-site harmonization of diffusion MRI data in a registration framework. Brain Imaging Behav. 2018 02; 12(1):284-295. PMID: 28176263.
      View in: PubMed
    30. McClintock SM, Reti IM, Carpenter LL, Dubin M, Taylor SF, Husain MM, Wall C, Sampson S, George MS, Lisanby SH. Dr McClintock and Colleagues Reply. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018 Jan/Feb; 79(1). PMID: 29505184.
      View in: PubMed
    31. McClintock SM, Reti IM, Carpenter LL, McDonald WM, Dubin M, Taylor SF, Cook IA, O'Reardon J, Husain MM, Wall C, Krystal A, Sampson S, Morales O, Nelson BG, George MS, Lisanby SH. Dr McClintock and Colleagues Reply. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018 Jan/Feb; 79(1). PMID: 29505182.
      View in: PubMed
    32. McClintock SM, Reti IM, Carpenter LL, McDonald WM, Dubin M, Taylor SF, Cook IA, O'Reardon J, Husain MM, Wall C, Krystal AD, Sampson SM, Morales O, Nelson BG, Latoussakis V, George MS, Lisanby SH. Consensus Recommendations for the Clinical Application of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in the Treatment of Depression. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018 Jan/Feb; 79(1). PMID: 28541649.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Badran BW, Dowdle LT, Mithoefer OJ, LaBate NT, Coatsworth J, Brown JC, DeVries WH, Austelle CW, McTeague LM, George MS. Neurophysiologic effects of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) via electrical stimulation of the tragus: A concurrent taVNS/fMRI study and review. Brain Stimul. 2018 May - Jun; 11(3):492-500. PMID: 29361441.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Ross RE, VanDerwerker CJ, Newton JH, George MS, Short EB, Sahlem GL, Manett AJ, Fox JB, Gregory CM. Simultaneous aerobic exercise and rTMS: Feasibility of combining therapeutic modalities to treat depression. Brain Stimul. 2018 Jan - Feb; 11(1):245-246. PMID: 29126945.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Hanlon CA, Kearney-Ramos T, Dowdle LT, Hamilton S, DeVries W, Mithoefer O, Austelle C, Lench DH, Correia B, Canterberry M, Smith JP, Brady KT, George MS. Developing Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as a Treatment Tool for Cocaine Use Disorder: a Series of Six Translational Studies. Curr Behav Neurosci Rep. 2017 Dec; 4(4):341-352. PMID: 30009124.
      View in: PubMed
    36. VanDerwerker CJ, Ross RE, Stimpson KH, Embry AE, Aaron SE, Cence B, George MS, Gregory CM. Combining therapeutic approaches: rTMS and aerobic exercise in post-stroke depression: a case series. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2018 01; 25(1):61-67. PMID: 28982298.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Li X, Sahlem GL, Badran BW, McTeague LM, Hanlon CA, Hartwell KJ, Henderson S, George MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex inhibits medial orbitofrontal activity in smokers. Am J Addict. 2017 Dec; 26(8):788-794. PMID: 28898485.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Williams NR, Bentzley BS, Hopkins T, Pannu J, Sahlem GL, Takacs I, George MS, Nahas Z, Short EB. Optimization of epidural cortical stimulation for treatment-resistant depression. Brain Stimul. 2018 Jan - Feb; 11(1):239-240. PMID: 28918944.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Milliken C, Carter B, Epperson TI, Gunselman RJ, Madan A, Del Schutte H, Demos HA, George MS. Prefrontal versus motor cortex transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) effects on post-surgical opioid use. Brain Stimul. 2017 Nov - Dec; 10(6):1096-1101. PMID: 28917592.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sahlem GL, Baker NL, George MS, Malcolm RJ, McRae-Clark AL. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) administration to heavy cannabis users. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2018; 44(1):47-55. PMID: 28806104.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Chhatbar PY, George MS, Kautz SA, Feng W. Charge density, not current density, is a more comprehensive safety measure of transcranial direct current stimulation. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 11; 66:414-415. PMID: 28804004.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Chhatbar PY, George MS, Kautz SA, Feng W. Quantitative reassessment of safety limits of tDCS for two animal studies. Brain Stimul. 2017 Sep - Oct; 10(5):1011-1012. PMID: 28764993.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Conway CR, George MS, Sackeim HA. Defining Treatment-Resistant Depression-Reply. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 07 01; 74(7):759. PMID: 28564688.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Hanlon CA, Dowdle LT, Correia B, Mithoefer O, Kearney-Ramos T, Lench D, Griffin M, Anton RF, George MS. Left frontal pole theta burst stimulation decreases orbitofrontal and insula activity in cocaine users and alcohol users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 09 01; 178:310-317. PMID: 28686990.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Yip AG, George MS, Tendler A, Roth Y, Zangen A, Carpenter LL. 61% of unmedicated treatment resistant depression patients who did not respond to acute TMS treatment responded after four weeks of twice weekly deep TMS in the Brainsway pivotal trial. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jul - Aug; 10(4):847-849. PMID: 28330592.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Li X, Du L, Sahlem GL, Badran BW, Henderson S, George MS. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduces resting-state insula activity and modulates functional connectivity of the orbitofrontal cortex in cigarette smokers. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 05 01; 174:98-105. PMID: 28319755.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Chhatbar PY, Chen R, Deardorff R, Dellenbach B, Kautz SA, George MS, Feng W. Safety and tolerability of transcranial direct current stimulation to stroke patients - A phase I current escalation study. Brain Stimul. 2017 May - Jun; 10(3):553-559. PMID: 28279641.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Williams NR, Sahlem G, Pannu J, Takacs I, Short B, Revuelta G, George MS. Neuroversion: using electroconvulsive therapy as a bridge to deep brain stimulation implantation. Neurocase. 2017 Feb; 23(1):26-30. PMID: 28376692.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Conway CR, George MS, Sackeim HA. Toward an Evidence-Based, Operational Definition of Treatment-Resistant Depression: When Enough Is Enough. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 01 01; 74(1):9-10. PMID: 27784055.
      View in: PubMed
    50. George MS, Sackeim HA. Response to Hoy, 'Gender Imbalance at Brain Stimulation Conferences: We Have a Problem and It is Everyone's Problem'. Brain Stimul. 2017 Jan - Feb; 10(1):157. PMID: 28007474.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Badran BW, Austelle CW, Smith NR, Glusman CE, Froeliger B, Garland EL, Borckardt JJ, George MS, Short B. A Double-Blind Study Exploring the Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) to Potentially Enhance Mindfulness Meditation (E-Meditation). Brain Stimul. 2017 Jan - Feb; 10(1):152-154. PMID: 27839723.
      View in: PubMed
    52. George MS. Is Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Inspired Electroencephalogram Feedback the Next New Treatment in Psychiatry? Biol Psychiatry. 2016 09 15; 80(6):422-423. PMID: 27565542.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Sahlem GL, Short EB, Kerns S, Snipes J, DeVries W, Fox JB, Burns C, Schmidt M, Nahas ZH, George MS, Sackeim HA. Expanded Safety and Efficacy Data for a New Method of Performing Electroconvulsive Therapy: Focal Electrically Administered Seizure Therapy. J ECT. 2016 Sep; 32(3):197-203. PMID: 27379790.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Badran BW, Glusman CE, Austelle CW, Jenkins S, DeVries WH, Galbraith V, Thomas T, Adams TG, George MS, Revuelta GJ. A Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Pilot Trial of Pre-Supplementary Motor Area (Pre-SMA) 1?Hz rTMS to Treat Essential Tremor. Brain Stimul. 2016 Nov - Dec; 9(6):945-947. PMID: 27567469.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Hanlon CA, Dowdle LT, Moss H, Canterberry M, George MS. Mobilization of Medial and Lateral Frontal-Striatal Circuits in Cocaine Users and Controls: An Interleaved TMS/BOLD Functional Connectivity Study. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 12; 41(13):3032-3041. PMID: 27374278.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Williams NR, Short EB, Hopkins T, Bentzley BS, Sahlem GL, Pannu J, Schmidt M, Borckardt JJ, Korte JE, George MS, Takacs I, Nahas Z. Five-Year Follow-Up of Bilateral Epidural Prefrontal Cortical Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression. Brain Stimul. 2016 Nov - Dec; 9(6):897-904. PMID: 27443912.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Williams NR, Bentzley BS, Sahlem GL, Pannu J, Korte JE, Revuelta G, Short EB, George MS. Unilateral ultra-brief pulse electroconvulsive therapy for depression in Parkinson's disease. Acta Neurol Scand. 2017 Apr; 135(4):407-411. PMID: 27241213.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Glaser J, Reeves ST, Stoll WD, Epperson TI, Hilbert M, Madan A, George MS, Borckardt JJ. Motor/Prefrontal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Following Lumbar Surgery Reduces Postoperative Analgesia Use. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 May; 41(10):835-9. PMID: 26909844.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Mirzaalian H, Ning L, Savadjiev P, Pasternak O, Bouix S, Michailovich O, Grant G, Marx CE, Morey RA, Flashman LA, George MS, McAllister TW, Andaluz N, Shutter L, Coimbra R, Zafonte RD, Coleman MJ, Kubicki M, Westin CF, Stein MB, Shenton ME, Rathi Y. Inter-site and inter-scanner diffusion MRI data harmonization. Neuroimage. 2016 07 15; 135:311-23. PMID: 27138209.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Philip NS, Dunner DL, Dowd SM, Aaronson ST, Brock DG, Carpenter LL, Demitrack MA, Hovav S, Janicak PG, George MS. Erratum to "Can Medication Free, Treatment-Resistant, Depressed Patients Who Initially Respond to TMS Be Maintained Off Medications? A Prospective, 12-Month Multisite Randomized Pilot Study" [Brain Stimulation 9 (2016) 251-257]. Brain Stimul. 2016 Jul-Aug; 9(4):639. PMID: 27320180.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Perera T, George MS, Grammer G, Janicak PG, Pascual-Leone A, Wirecki TS. The Clinical TMS Society Consensus Review and Treatment Recommendations for TMS Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder. Brain Stimul. 2016 May-Jun; 9(3):336-346. PMID: 27090022.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Malcolm R, Myrick H, Li X, Henderson S, Brady KT, George MS, See RE. Regional Brain Activity in Abstinent Methamphetamine Dependent Males Following Cue Exposure. J Drug Abuse. 2016; 2(1). PMID: 27314105.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Hartwell KJ, Hanlon CA, Li X, Borckardt JJ, Canterberry M, Prisciandaro JJ, Moran-Santa Maria MM, LeMatty T, George MS, Brady KT. Individualized real-time fMRI neurofeedback to attenuate craving in nicotine-dependent smokers. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2016 Jan; 41(1):48-55. PMID: 26505139.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Williams NR, Hopkins TR, Short EB, Sahlem GL, Snipes J, Revuelta GJ, George MS, Takacs I. Reward circuit DBS improves Parkinson's gait along with severe depression and OCD. Neurocase. 2016; 22(2):201-4. PMID: 26644268.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Philip NS, Dunner DL, Dowd SM, Aaronson ST, Brock DG, Carpenter LL, Demitrack MA, Hovav S, Janicak PG, George MS. Can Medication Free, Treatment-Resistant, Depressed Patients Who Initially Respond to TMS Be Maintained Off Medications? A Prospective, 12-Month Multisite Randomized Pilot Study. Brain Stimul. 2016 Mar-Apr; 9(2):251-7. PMID: 26708778.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Umezaki Y, Badran BW, DeVries WH, Moss J, Gonzales T, George MS. The Efficacy of Daily Prefrontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS): A Randomized Controlled Single-blind Study. Brain Stimul. 2016 Mar-Apr; 9(2):234-42. PMID: 26597930.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Rostami R, Badran BW, Kazemi R, Habibnezhad M, George MS. Long-lasting analgesic effect of transcranial direct current stimulation in treatment of chronic endometriosis pain. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2015 Dec; 41(12):1998-2001. PMID: 26419900.
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    68. Hanlon CA, DeVries W, Dowdle LT, West JA, Siekman B, Li X, George MS. A comprehensive study of sensorimotor cortex excitability in chronic cocaine users: Integrating TMS and functional MRI data. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Dec 01; 157:28-35. PMID: 26541870.
      View in: PubMed
    69. McAllister TW, Zafonte R, Jain S, Flashman LA, George MS, Grant GA, He F, Lohr JB, Andaluz N, Summerall L, Paulus MP, Raman R, Stein MB. Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Methylphenidate or Galantamine for Persistent Emotional and Cognitive Symptoms Associated with PTSD and/or Traumatic Brain Injury. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Apr; 41(5):1191-8. PMID: 26361060.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Chhatbar PY, Ramakrishnan V, Kautz S, George MS, Adams RJ, Feng W. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Post-Stroke Upper Extremity Motor Recovery Studies Exhibit a Dose-Response Relationship. Brain Stimul. 2016 Jan-Feb; 9(1):16-26. PMID: 26433609.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Karabanov A, Ziemann U, Hamada M, George MS, Quartarone A, Classen J, Massimini M, Rothwell J, Siebner HR. Consensus Paper: Probing Homeostatic Plasticity of Human Cortex With Non-invasive Transcranial Brain Stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2015 Sep-Oct; 8(5):993-1006. PMID: 26598772.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Umezaki Y, Badran BW, Gonzales TS, George MS. Daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for medication-resistant burning mouth syndrome. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Aug; 44(8):1048-51. PMID: 25979192.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Liebeskind DS, Albers GW, Crawford K, Derdeyn CP, George MS, Palesch YY, Toga AW, Warach S, Zhao W, Brott TG, Sacco RL, Khatri P, Saver JL, Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Broderick JP, Wintermark M. Imaging in StrokeNet: Realizing the Potential of Big Data. Stroke. 2015 Jul; 46(7):2000-6. PMID: 26045600.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Leuchter AF, Cook IA, Feifel D, Goethe JW, Husain M, Carpenter LL, Thase ME, Krystal AD, Philip NS, Bhati MT, Burke WJ, Howland RH, Sheline YI, Aaronson ST, Iosifescu DV, O'Reardon JP, Gilmer WS, Jain R, Burgoyne KS, Phillips B, Manberg PJ, Massaro J, Hunter AM, Lisanby SH, George MS. Efficacy and Safety of Low-field Synchronized Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (sTMS) for Treatment of Major Depression. Brain Stimul. 2015 Jul-Aug; 8(4):787-94. PMID: 26143022.
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    75. Taylor JJ, Williams NR, George MS. Beyond neural cubism: promoting a multidimensional view of brain disorders by enhancing the integration of neurology and psychiatry in education. Acad Med. 2015 May; 90(5):581-6. PMID: 25340364.
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    76. Karabanov A, Ziemann U, Hamada M, George MS, Quartarone A, Classen J, Massimini M, Rothwell J, Siebner HR. Consensus Paper: Probing Homeostatic Plasticity of Human Cortex With Non-invasive Transcranial Brain Stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2015 May-Jun; 8(3):442-54. PMID: 26050599.
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    77. Hanlon CA, Dowdle LT, Austelle CW, DeVries W, Mithoefer O, Badran BW, George MS. What goes up, can come down: Novel brain stimulation paradigms may attenuate craving and craving-related neural circuitry in substance dependent individuals. Brain Res. 2015 Dec 02; 1628(Pt A):199-209. PMID: 25770818.
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    78. Sawaya H, Johnson K, Schmidt M, Arana A, Chahine G, Atoui M, Pincus D, George MS, Panksepp J, Nahas Z. Resting-state functional connectivity of antero-medial prefrontal cortex sub-regions in major depression and relationship to emotional intelligence. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015 Mar 05; 18(6). PMID: 25744282.
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    79. Sahlem GL, Badran BW, Halford JJ, Williams NR, Korte JE, Leslie K, Strachan M, Breedlove JL, Runion J, Bachman DL, Uhde TW, Borckardt JJ, George MS. Oscillating Square Wave Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Delivered During Slow Wave Sleep Does Not Improve Declarative Memory More Than Sham: A Randomized Sham Controlled Crossover Study. Brain Stimul. 2015 May-Jun; 8(3):528-34. PMID: 25795621.
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    80. Rossini PM, Burke D, Chen R, Cohen LG, Daskalakis Z, Di Iorio R, Di Lazzaro V, Ferreri F, Fitzgerald PB, George MS, Hallett M, Lefaucheur JP, Langguth B, Matsumoto H, Miniussi C, Nitsche MA, Pascual-Leone A, Paulus W, Rossi S, Rothwell JC, Siebner HR, Ugawa Y, Walsh V, Ziemann U. Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord, roots and peripheral nerves: Basic principles and procedures for routine clinical and research application. An updated report from an I.F.C.N. Committee. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Jun; 126(6):1071-1107. PMID: 25797650.
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    81. Levkovitz Y, Isserles M, Padberg F, Lisanby SH, Bystritsky A, Xia G, Tendler A, Daskalakis ZJ, Winston JL, Dannon P, Hafez HM, Reti IM, Morales OG, Schlaepfer TE, Hollander E, Berman JA, Husain MM, Sofer U, Stein A, Adler S, Deutsch L, Deutsch F, Roth Y, George MS, Zangen A. Efficacy and safety of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation for major depression: a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. World Psychiatry. 2015 Feb; 14(1):64-73. PMID: 25655160.
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    82. Salatino A, Poncini M, George MS, Ricci R. Hunting for right and left parietal hot spots using single-pulse TMS: modulation of visuospatial perception during line bisection judgment in the healthy brain. Front Psychol. 2014; 5:1238. PMID: 25400612.
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    83. Williams NR, Taylor JJ, Lamb K, Hanlon CA, Short EB, George MS. Role of functional imaging in the development and refinement of invasive neuromodulation for psychiatric disorders. World J Radiol. 2014 Oct 28; 6(10):756-78. PMID: 25349661.
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    84. Li X, Fryml L, Rodriguez JJ, Taylor J, Borckardt JJ, Short B, Sahlem G, Roberts D, George MS. Safe management of a bipolar depressed patient with prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) Over 7 years and >2 million stimuli. Brain Stimul. 2014 Nov-Dec; 7(6):919-21. PMID: 25440291.
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    85. Sahlem GL, Kalivas B, Fox JB, Lamb K, Roper A, Williams EN, Williams NR, Korte JE, Zuschlag ZD, El Sabbagh S, Guille C, Barth KS, Uhde TW, George MS, Short EB. Adjunctive triple chronotherapy (combined total sleep deprivation, sleep phase advance, and bright light therapy) rapidly improves mood and suicidality in suicidal depressed inpatients: an open label pilot study. J Psychiatr Res. 2014 Dec; 59:101-7. PMID: 25231629.
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    86. Hanlon CA, Owens MM, Joseph JE, Zhu X, George MS, Brady KT, Hartwell KJ. Lower subcortical gray matter volume in both younger smokers and established smokers relative to non-smokers. Addict Biol. 2016 Jan; 21(1):185-95. PMID: 25125263.
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    87. Williams NR, Taylor JJ, Kerns S, Short EB, Kantor EM, George MS. Interventional psychiatry: why now? J Clin Psychiatry. 2014 Aug; 75(8):895-7. PMID: 25191910.
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    88. Naylor JC, Borckardt JJ, Marx CE, Hamer RM, Fredrich S, Reeves ST, George MS. Cathodal and anodal left prefrontal tDCS and the perception of control over pain. Clin J Pain. 2014 Aug; 30(8):693-700. PMID: 24281283.
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    89. Gorelick DA, Zangen A, George MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of substance addiction. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014 Oct; 1327:79-93. PMID: 25069523.
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    90. Adams TG, Badran BW, George MS. Integration of cortical brain stimulation and exposure and response prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Brain Stimul. 2014 Sep-Oct; 7(5):764-5. PMID: 25048526.
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    91. Taylor JJ, Neitzke DJ, Khouri G, Borckardt JJ, Acierno R, Tuerk PW, Schmidt M, George MS. A pilot study to investigate the induction and manipulation of learned helplessness in healthy adults. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Nov 30; 219(3):631-7. PMID: 25023370.
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    92. Benson BE, Willis MW, Ketter TA, Speer A, Kimbrell TA, Herscovitch P, George MS, Post RM. Differential abnormalities of functional connectivity of the amygdala and hippocampus in unipolar and bipolar affective disorders. J Affect Disord. 2014 Oct; 168:243-53. PMID: 25069080.
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    93. George MS, Raman R, Benedek DM, Pelic CG, Grammer GG, Stokes KT, Schmidt M, Spiegel C, Dealmeida N, Beaver KL, Borckardt JJ, Sun X, Jain S, Stein MB. A two-site pilot randomized 3 day trial of high dose left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for suicidal inpatients. Brain Stimul. 2014 May-Jun; 7(3):421-31. PMID: 24731434.
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    94. Chahine G, Short B, Spicer K, Schmidt M, Burns C, Atoui M, George MS, Sackeim HA, Nahas Z. Regional cerebral blood flow changes associated with focal electrically administered seizure therapy (FEAST). Brain Stimul. 2014 May-Jun; 7(3):483-5. PMID: 24795198.
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    95. Williams NR, Taylor JJ, Snipes JM, Short EB, Kantor EM, George MS. Interventional psychiatry: how should psychiatric educators incorporate neuromodulation into training? Acad Psychiatry. 2014 Apr; 38(2):168-76. PMID: 24554501.
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    96. Moran-Santa Maria MM, Hartwell KJ, Hanlon CA, Canterberry M, Lematty T, Owens M, Brady KT, George MS. Right anterior insula connectivity is important for cue-induced craving in nicotine-dependent smokers. Addict Biol. 2015 Mar; 20(2):407-14. PMID: 24529072.
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    97. George MS, Schlaepfer T, Padberg F, Fitzgerald PB. Brain stimulation treatments for depression. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2014 Feb; 15(2):167-8. PMID: 24506290.
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    98. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Kotlowski P, Abernathy JH, Field LC, Dong L, Frohman H, Moore H, Ryan K, Madan A, George MS. Fast left prefrontal rTMS reduces post-gastric bypass surgery pain: findings from a large-scale, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial. Brain Stimul. 2014 Jan-Feb; 7(1):42-8. PMID: 24527503.
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    99. George MS, Massimini M. Using brain stimulation to create thoughts, retrieve and alter memories, and measure consciousness – a discussion of recent research. Brain Stimul. 2013 Nov; 6(6):835-6. PMID: 24383098.
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    100. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Robinson SM, May JT, Epperson TI, Gunselman RJ, Schutte HD, Demos HA, Madan A, Fredrich S, George MS. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) reduces postsurgical opioid consumption in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Clin J Pain. 2013 Nov; 29(11):925-8. PMID: 23370085.
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    101. Goldman RL, Canterberry M, Borckardt JJ, Madan A, Byrne TK, George MS, O'Neil PM, Hanlon CA. Executive control circuitry differentiates degree of success in weight loss following gastric-bypass surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Nov; 21(11):2189-2196. PMID: 24136926.
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    102. Li X, Malcolm RJ, Huebner K, Hanlon CA, Taylor JJ, Brady KT, George MS, See RE. Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex transiently increases cue-induced craving for methamphetamine: a preliminary study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 01; 133(2):641-6. PMID: 24028801.
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    103. Canterberry M, Hanlon CA, Hartwell KJ, Li X, Owens M, LeMatty T, Prisciandaro JJ, Borckardt J, Saladin ME, Brady KT, George MS. Sustained reduction of nicotine craving with real-time neurofeedback: exploring the role of severity of dependence. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 Dec; 15(12):2120-4. PMID: 23935182.
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    104. Hanlon CA, Canterberry M, Taylor JJ, DeVries W, Li X, Brown TR, George MS. Probing the frontostriatal loops involved in executive and limbic processing via interleaved TMS and functional MRI at two prefrontal locations: a pilot study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e67917. PMID: 23874466.
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    105. Borckardt JJ, Nahas ZH, Teal J, Lisanby SH, McDonald WM, Avery D, Durkalski V, Pavlicova M, Long JM, Sackeim HA, George MS. The painfulness of active, but not sham, transcranial magnetic stimulation decreases rapidly over time: results from the double-blind phase of the OPT-TMS Trial. Brain Stimul. 2013 Nov; 6(6):925-8. PMID: 23769413.
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    106. Hanlon CA, Hartwell KJ, Canterberry M, Li X, Owens M, Lematty T, Prisciandaro JJ, Borckardt J, Brady KT, George MS. Reduction of cue-induced craving through realtime neurofeedback in nicotine users: the role of region of interest selection and multiple visits. Psychiatry Res. 2013 Jul 30; 213(1):79-81. PMID: 23683344.
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    107. Martin L, Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Frohman H, Beam W, Nahas Z, Johnson K, Younger J, Madan A, Patterson D, George M. A pilot functional MRI study of the effects of prefrontal rTMS on pain perception. Pain Med. 2013 Jul; 14(7):999-1009. PMID: 23647651.
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    108. Nahas Z, Short B, Burns C, Archer M, Schmidt M, Prudic J, Nobler MS, Devanand DP, Fitzsimons L, Lisanby SH, Payne N, Perera T, George MS, Sackeim HA. A feasibility study of a new method for electrically producing seizures in man: focal electrically administered seizure therapy [FEAST]. Brain Stimul. 2013 May; 6(3):403-8. PMID: 23518262.
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    109. Hartwell KJ, Lematty T, McRae-Clark AL, Gray KM, George MS, Brady KT. Resisting the urge to smoke and craving during a smoking quit attempt on varenicline: results from a pilot fMRI study. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2013 Mar; 39(2):92-8. PMID: 23421569.
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    110. Li X, Hartwell KJ, Owens M, Lematty T, Borckardt JJ, Hanlon CA, Brady KT, George MS. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduces nicotine cue craving. Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Apr 15; 73(8):714-20. PMID: 23485014.
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    111. Cracco RQ, Rothwell JC, Sackeim HA, George MS. In memoriam--Vahe E. Amassian. Brain Stimul. 2013 Mar; 6(2):99-100. PMID: 23498287.
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    112. Taylor JJ, Borckardt JJ, Canterberry M, Li X, Hanlon CA, Brown TR, George MS. Naloxone-reversible modulation of pain circuitry by left prefrontal rTMS. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2013 Jun; 38(7):1189-97. PMID: 23314221.
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    113. George MS, Taylor JJ, Short EB. The expanding evidence base for rTMS treatment of depression. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2013 Jan; 26(1):13-8. PMID: 23154644.
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    114. George MS, Taylor JJ, Short B. Treating the depressions with superficial brain stimulation methods. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:399-413. PMID: 24112912.
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    115. Ricci R, Salatino A, Li X, Funk AP, Logan SL, Mu Q, Johnson KA, Bohning DE, George MS. Imaging the neural mechanisms of TMS neglect-like bias in healthy volunteers with the interleaved TMS/fMRI technique: preliminary evidence. Front Hum Neurosci. 2012; 6:326. PMID: 23251130.
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    116. George MS. Brain Stimulation--the field, and the journal, are going 'from strength to strength' from the editor-in-chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):173-174. PMID: 22784442.
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    117. Mantovani A, Pavlicova M, Avery D, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Wajdik CD, Holtzheimer PE, George MS, Sackeim HA, Lisanby SH. Long-term efficacy of repeated daily prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treatment-resistant depression. Depress Anxiety. 2012 Oct; 29(10):883-90. PMID: 22689290.
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    118. Hartwell KJ, Prisciandaro JJ, Borckardt J, Li X, George MS, Brady KT. Real-time fMRI in the treatment of nicotine dependence: a conceptual review and pilot studies. Psychol Addict Behav. 2013 Jun; 27(2):501-9. PMID: 22564200.
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    119. Hanlon CA, Jones EM, Li X, Hartwell KJ, Brady KT, George MS. Individual variability in the locus of prefrontal craving for nicotine: implications for brain stimulation studies and treatments. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Oct 01; 125(3):239-43. PMID: 22459915.
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    120. Li X, Hartwell KJ, Borckardt J, Prisciandaro JJ, Saladin ME, Morgan PS, Johnson KA, Lematty T, Brady KT, George MS. Volitional reduction of anterior cingulate cortex activity produces decreased cue craving in smoking cessation: a preliminary real-time fMRI study. Addict Biol. 2013 Jul; 18(4):739-48. PMID: 22458676.
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    121. Taylor JJ, Borckardt JJ, George MS. Endogenous opioids mediate left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex rTMS-induced analgesia. Pain. 2012 Jun; 153(6):1219-25. PMID: 22444187.
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    122. Johnson KA, Baig M, Ramsey D, Lisanby SH, Avery D, McDonald WM, Li X, Bernhardt ER, Haynor DR, Holtzheimer PE, Sackeim HA, George MS, Nahas Z. Prefrontal rTMS for treating depression: location and intensity results from the OPT-TMS multi-site clinical trial. Brain Stimul. 2013 Mar; 6(2):108-17. PMID: 22465743.
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    123. de Vries PM, de Jong BM, Bohning DE, Hinson VK, George MS, Leenders KL. Reduced parietal activation in cervical dystonia after parietal TMS interleaved with fMRI. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2012 Sep; 114(7):914-21. PMID: 22386903.
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    124. Borckardt JJ, Bikson M, Frohman H, Reeves ST, Datta A, Bansal V, Madan A, Barth K, George MS. A pilot study of the tolerability and effects of high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) on pain perception. J Pain. 2012 Feb; 13(2):112-20. PMID: 22104190.
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    125. Li X, Large CH, Ricci R, Taylor JJ, Nahas Z, Bohning DE, Morgan P, George MS. Using interleaved transcranial magnetic stimulation/functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and dynamic causal modeling to understand the discrete circuit specific changes of medications: lamotrigine and valproic acid changes in motor or prefrontal effective connectivity. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Nov 30; 194(2):141-8. PMID: 21924874.
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    126. McDonald WM, Durkalski V, Ball ER, Holtzheimer PE, Pavlicova M, Lisanby SH, Avery D, Anderson BS, Nahas Z, Zarkowski P, Sackeim HA, George MS. Improving the antidepressant efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation: maximizing the number of stimulations and treatment location in treatment-resistant depression. Depress Anxiety. 2011 Nov; 28(11):973-80. PMID: 21898711.
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    127. Hartwell KJ, Johnson KA, Li X, Myrick H, LeMatty T, George MS, Brady KT. Neural correlates of craving and resisting craving for tobacco in nicotine dependent smokers. Addict Biol. 2011 Oct; 16(4):654-66. PMID: 21790899.
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    128. Short EB, Borckardt JJ, Anderson BS, Frohman H, Beam W, Reeves ST, George MS. Ten sessions of adjunctive left prefrontal rTMS significantly reduces fibromyalgia pain: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Pain. 2011 Nov; 152(11):2477-84. PMID: 21764215.
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    129. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Beam W, Jensen MP, Gracely RH, Katz S, Smith AR, Madan A, Patterson D, George MS. A randomized, controlled investigation of motor cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) effects on quantitative sensory measures in healthy adults: evaluation of TMS device parameters. Clin J Pain. 2011 Jul-Aug; 27(6):486-94. PMID: 21415720.
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    130. Borckardt JJ, Romagnuolo J, Reeves ST, Madan A, Frohman H, Beam W, George MS. Feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation for decreasing post-ERCP pain: a randomized, sham-controlled, pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011 Jun; 73(6):1158-64. PMID: 21470608.
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    131. George MS, Post RM. Daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for acute treatment of medication-resistant depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2011 Apr; 168(4):356-64. PMID: 21474597.
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    132. Barth KS, Rydin-Gray S, Kose S, Borckardt JJ, O'Neil PM, Shaw D, Madan A, Budak A, George MS. Food cravings and the effects of left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation using an improved sham condition. Front Psychiatry. 2011; 2:9. PMID: 21556279.
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    133. Hadley D, Anderson BS, Borckardt JJ, Arana A, Li X, Nahas Z, George MS. Safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of high doses of adjunctive daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant depression in a clinical setting. J ECT. 2011 Mar; 27(1):18-25. PMID: 21343710.
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    134. Kozel FA, Johnson KA, Nahas Z, Nakonezny PA, Morgan PS, Anderson BS, Kose S, Li X, Lim KO, Trivedi MH, George MS. Fractional anisotropy changes after several weeks of daily left high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex to treat major depression. J ECT. 2011 Mar; 27(1):5-10. PMID: 20559144.
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    135. Goldman RL, Borckardt JJ, Frohman HA, O'Neil PM, Madan A, Campbell LK, Budak A, George MS. Prefrontal cortex transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) temporarily reduces food cravings and increases the self-reported ability to resist food in adults with frequent food craving. Appetite. 2011 Jun; 56(3):741-6. PMID: 21352881.
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    136. Polley KH, Navarro R, Avery DH, George MS, Holtzheimer PE. 2010 Updated Avery-George-Holtzheimer Database of rTMS depression studies. Brain Stimul. 2011 Apr; 4(2):115-6. PMID: 21511213.
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    137. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Frohman H, Madan A, Jensen MP, Patterson D, Barth K, Smith AR, Gracely R, George MS. Fast left prefrontal rTMS acutely suppresses analgesic effects of perceived controllability on the emotional component of pain experience. Pain. 2011 Jan; 152(1):182-7. PMID: 21122992.
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    138. George MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of depression. Expert Rev Neurother. 2010 Nov; 10(11):1761-72. PMID: 20977332.
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    139. Johnson KA, Hartwell K, LeMatty T, Borckardt J, Morgan PS, Govindarajan K, Brady K, George MS. Intermittent "real-time" fMRI feedback is superior to continuous presentation for a motor imagery task: a pilot study. J Neuroimaging. 2012 Jan; 22(1):58-66. PMID: 20977537.
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    140. Pincus D, Kose S, Arana A, Johnson K, Morgan PS, Borckardt J, Herbsman T, Hardaway F, George MS, Panksepp J, Nahas Z. Inverse effects of oxytocin on attributing mental activity to others in depressed and healthy subjects: a double-blind placebo controlled FMRI study. Front Psychiatry. 2010; 1:134. PMID: 21423444.
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    141. George MS. Time course of therapeutic response, and durability, of the different brain stimulation methods--from the Editor-in Chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2010 Oct; 3(4):185-6. PMID: 20965446.
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    142. George MS. Brain Stimulation. From the editor-in-chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2010 Jul; 3(3):129-30. PMID: 20633441.
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    143. McFadden JL, Borckardt JJ, George MS, Beam W. Reducing procedural pain and discomfort associated with transcranial direct current stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2011 Jan; 4(1):38-42. PMID: 21255753.
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    144. George MS, Lisanby SH, Avery D, McDonald WM, Durkalski V, Pavlicova M, Anderson B, Nahas Z, Bulow P, Zarkowski P, Holtzheimer PE, Schwartz T, Sackeim HA. Daily left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy for major depressive disorder: a sham-controlled randomized trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 May; 67(5):507-16. PMID: 20439832.
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    145. Vedeniapin A, Cheng L, George MS. Feasibility of simultaneous cognitive behavioral therapy and left prefrontal rTMS for treatment resistant depression. Brain Stimul. 2010 Oct; 3(4):207-10. PMID: 20965449.
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    146. George MS. Brain stimulation, as a field, continues to evolve and expand. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2010 Apr; 3(2):63-4. PMID: 20633435.
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    147. Li X, Ricci R, Large CH, Anderson B, Nahas Z, Bohning DE, George MS. Interleaved transcranial magnetic stimulation and fMRI suggests that lamotrigine and valproic acid have different effects on corticolimbic activity. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2010 Apr; 209(3):233-44. PMID: 20195575.
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    148. Schlaepfer TE, George MS, Mayberg H. WFSBP Guidelines on Brain Stimulation Treatments in Psychiatry. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Feb; 11(1):2-18. PMID: 20146648.
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    149. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Brain Stimulation enters a new decade with Volume 3. Brain Stimul. 2010 Jan; 3(1):1. PMID: 20633425.
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    150. O'Reardon JP, Solvason HB, Janicak PG, Sampson S, Isenberg KE, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Avery D, Fitzgerald PB, Loo C, Demitrack MA, George MS, Sackeim HA. Reply regarding "efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depression: a multisite randomized controlled trial". Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jan 15; 67(2):e15-7. PMID: 19914602.
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    151. Nahas Z, Anderson BS, Borckardt J, Arana AB, George MS, Reeves ST, Takacs I. Bilateral epidural prefrontal cortical stimulation for treatment-resistant depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jan 15; 67(2):101-9. PMID: 19819427.
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    152. George MS, Aston-Jones G. Noninvasive techniques for probing neurocircuitry and treating illness: vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Neuropsychopharmacology. 2010 Jan; 35(1):301-16. PMID: 19693003.
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    153. Roberts DR, Ramsey D, Johnson K, Kola J, Ricci R, Hicks C, Borckardt JJ, Bloomberg JJ, Epstein C, George MS. Cerebral cortex plasticity after 90 days of bed rest: data from TMS and fMRI. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2010 Jan; 81(1):30-40. PMID: 20058735.
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    154. Anderson BS, George MS. A review of studies comparing methods for determining transcranial magnetic stimulation motor threshold: observation of movement or electromyography assisted. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2009 Oct; 15(5):304-13. PMID: 21659242.
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    155. Large CH, Di Daniel E, Li X, George MS. Neural network dysfunction in bipolar depression: clues from the efficacy of lamotrigine. Biochem Soc Trans. 2009 Oct; 37(Pt 5):1080-4. PMID: 19754456.
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    156. Jin B, Strasburger A, Laken SJ, Kozel FA, Johnson KA, George MS, Lu X. Feature selection for fMRI-based deception detection. BMC Bioinformatics. 2009 Sep 17; 10 Suppl 9:S15. PMID: 19761569.
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    157. Johnson KA, Baylis GC, Powell DA, Kozel FA, Miller SW, George MS. Conditioning of transcranial magnetic stimulation: evidence of sensory-induced responding and prepulse inhibition. Brain Stimul. 2010 Apr; 3(2):78-86. PMID: 20633436.
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    158. Herbsman T, Avery D, Ramsey D, Holtzheimer P, Wadjik C, Hardaway F, Haynor D, George MS, Nahas Z. More lateral and anterior prefrontal coil location is associated with better repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation antidepressant response. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Sep 01; 66(5):509-15. PMID: 19545855.
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    159. Borckardt JJ, Smith AR, Reeves ST, Madan A, Shelley N, Branham R, Nahas Z, George MS. A pilot study investigating the effects of fast left prefrontal rTMS on chronic neuropathic pain. Pain Med. 2009 Jul-Aug; 10(5):840-9. PMID: 19594842.
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    160. Zarkowski P, Navarro R, Pavlicova M, George MS, Avery D. The effect of daily prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over several weeks on resting motor threshold. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):163-7. PMID: 20161065.
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    161. Herbsman T, Forster L, Molnar C, Dougherty R, Christie D, Koola J, Ramsey D, Morgan PS, Bohning DE, George MS, Nahas Z. Motor threshold in transcranial magnetic stimulation: the impact of white matter fiber orientation and skull-to-cortex distance. Hum Brain Mapp. 2009 Jul; 30(7):2044-55. PMID: 18973261.
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    162. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Techniques and methods involved in electrically stimulating the brain. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jul; 2(3):121-2. PMID: 20633410.
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    163. de Vries PM, de Jong BM, Bohning DE, Walker JA, George MS, Leenders KL. Changes in cerebral activations during movement execution and imagery after parietal cortex TMS interleaved with 3T MRI. Brain Res. 2009 Aug 18; 1285:58-68. PMID: 19523932.
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    164. Borckardt JJ, Linder KJ, Ricci R, Li X, Anderson B, Arana A, Nahas Z, Amassian V, Long J, George MS, Sackeim HA. Focal electrically administered therapy: device parameter effects on stimulus perception in humans. J ECT. 2009 Jun; 25(2):91-8. PMID: 19092677.
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    165. Padberg F, George MS. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex in depression. Exp Neurol. 2009 Sep; 219(1):2-13. PMID: 19409383.
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    166. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Interface between brain stimulation and imaging. Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):57. PMID: 20633404.
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    167. Anderson BS, Kavanagh K, Borckardt JJ, Nahas ZH, Kose S, Lisanby SH, McDonald WM, Avery D, Sackeim HA, George MS. Decreasing procedural pain over time of left prefrontal rTMS for depression: initial results from the open-label phase of a multi-site trial (OPT-TMS). Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):88-92. PMID: 20161310.
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    168. Siebner HR, Bergmann TO, Bestmann S, Massimini M, Johansen-Berg H, Mochizuki H, Bohning DE, Boorman ED, Groppa S, Miniussi C, Pascual-Leone A, Huber R, Taylor PC, Ilmoniemi RJ, De Gennaro L, Strafella AP, Kähkönen S, Klöppel S, Frisoni GB, George MS, Hallett M, Brandt SA, Rushworth MF, Ziemann U, Rothwell JC, Ward N, Cohen LG, Baudewig J, Paus T, Ugawa Y, Rossini PM. Consensus paper: combining transcranial stimulation with neuroimaging. Brain Stimul. 2009 Apr; 2(2):58-80. PMID: 20633405.
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    169. Li X, Ricci R, Large CH, Anderson B, Nahas Z, George MS. Lamotrigine and valproic acid have different effects on motorcortical neuronal excitability. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2009 Apr; 116(4):423-9. PMID: 19238517.
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    170. Kozel FA, Johnson KA, Laken SJ, Grenesko EL, Smith JA, Walker J, George MS. Can simultaneously acquired electrodermal activity improve accuracy of fMRI detection of deception? Soc Neurosci. 2009; 4(6):510-7. PMID: 18633826.
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    171. Beam W, Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, George MS. An efficient and accurate new method for locating the F3 position for prefrontal TMS applications. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jan; 2(1):50-4. PMID: 20539835.
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    172. Borckardt JJ, Reeves S, George MS. The potential role of brain stimulation in the management of postoperative pain. J Pain Manag. 2009 Jan 01; 2(3):295-300. PMID: 21841960.
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    173. Kozel FA, Laken SJ, Johnson KA, Boren B, Mapes KS, Morgan PS, George MS. Replication of Functional MRI Detection of Deception. Open Forensic Sci J. 2009 Jan 01; 2:6-11. PMID: 19844599.
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    174. Short B, Borckardt JJ, George M, Beam W, Reeves ST. Non-invasive brain stimulation approaches to fibromyalgia pain. J Pain Manag. 2009 Jan 01; 2(3):259-276. PMID: 21841959.
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    175. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2009 Jan; 2(1):1. PMID: 20633397.
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    176. Kozel FA, Johnson KA, Grenesko EL, Laken SJ, Kose S, Lu X, Pollina D, Ryan A, George MS. Functional MRI detection of deception after committing a mock sabotage crime. J Forensic Sci. 2009 Jan; 54(1):220-31. PMID: 19067772.
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    177. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):325. PMID: 20633390.
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    178. Ricci R, Ramsey D, Johnson K, Borckardt JJ, Vallejo M, Roberts DR, George MS. A pilot feasibility study of daily rTMS to modify corticospinal excitability during lower limb immobilization. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Oct; 4(5):1127-34. PMID: 19209293.
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    179. Rorden C, Davis B, George MS, Borckardt J, Fridriksson J. Broca's area is crucial for visual discrimination of speech but not non-speech oral movements. Brain Stimul. 2008 Oct; 1(4):383-5. PMID: 19421338.
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    180. Benson BE, Willis MW, Ketter TA, Speer A, Kimbrell TA, George MS, Herscovitch P, Post RM. Interregional cerebral metabolic associativity during a continuous performance task (Part II) : differential alterations in bipolar and unipolar disorders. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Oct 30; 164(1):30-47. PMID: 18801648.
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    181. Willis MW, Benson BE, Ketter TA, Kimbrell TA, George MS, Speer AM, Herscovitch P, Post RM. Interregional cerebral metabolic associativity during a continuous performance task (Part I): healthy adults. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Oct 30; 164(1):16-29. PMID: 18799294.
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    182. George MS, Sackeim HA. Brain stimulation, revolutions, and the shifting time domain of depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Sep 15; 64(6):447-8. PMID: 18724998.
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    183. Lisanby SH, Husain MM, Rosenquist PB, Maixner D, Gutierrez R, Krystal A, Gilmer W, Marangell LB, Aaronson S, Daskalakis ZJ, Canterbury R, Richelson E, Sackeim HA, George MS. Daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depression: clinical predictors of outcome in a multisite, randomized controlled clinical trial. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2009 Jan; 34(2):522-34. PMID: 18704101.
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    184. George MS. Known, forgotten and rediscovered--electricity and the brain. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2008 Jul; 39(3):V-VII. PMID: 18751558.
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    185. George MS. From the Editor-in-Chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jul; 1(3):133. PMID: 20633380.
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    186. Funk AP, George MS. Prefrontal EEG asymmetry as a potential biomarker of antidepressant treatment response with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): a case series. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2008 Jul; 39(3):125-30. PMID: 18751561.
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    187. George MS, Padberg F, Schlaepfer TE, O'Reardon JP, Fitzgerald PB, Nahas ZH, Marcolin MA. Controversy: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation or transcranial direct current stimulation shows efficacy in treating psychiatric diseases (depression, mania, schizophrenia, obsessive-complusive disorder, panic, posttraumatic stress disorder). Brain Stimul. 2009 Jan; 2(1):14-21. PMID: 20633399.
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    188. George MS. The full breadth of the brain stimulation field. Brain Stimul. 2008 Apr; 1(2):69-70. PMID: 20633371.
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    189. Borckardt JJ, Reeves ST, Weinstein M, Smith AR, Shelley N, Kozel FA, Nahas Z, Byrne KT, Morgan K, George MS. Significant analgesic effects of one session of postoperative left prefrontal cortex repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: a replication study. Brain Stimul. 2008 Apr; 1(2):122-7. PMID: 19759838.
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    190. George MS, Ward HE, Ninan PT, Pollack M, Nahas Z, Anderson B, Kose S, Howland RH, Goodman WK, Ballenger JC. A pilot study of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for treatment-resistant anxiety disorders. Brain Stimul. 2008 Apr; 1(2):112-21. PMID: 20633378.
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    191. Avery DH, Isenberg KE, Sampson SM, Janicak PG, Lisanby SH, Maixner DF, Loo C, Thase ME, Demitrack MA, George MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depressive disorder: clinical response in an open-label extension trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Mar; 69(3):441-51. PMID: 18294022.
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    192. Arana AB, Borckardt JJ, Ricci R, Anderson B, Li X, Linder KJ, Long J, Sackeim HA, George MS. Focal electrical stimulation as a sham control for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: Does it truly mimic the cutaneous sensation and pain of active prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation? Brain Stimul. 2008 Jan; 1(1):44-51. PMID: 19424459.
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    193. Borckardt JJ, Walker J, Branham RK, Rydin-Gray S, Hunter C, Beeson H, Reeves ST, Madan A, Sackeim H, George MS. Development and evaluation of a portable sham transcranial magnetic stimulation system. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jan; 1(1):52-9. PMID: 19424444.
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    194. George MS. From the editor-in-chief's desk. Brain Stimul. 2008 Jan; 1(1):1-3. PMID: 19142236.
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    195. Bonilha L, Molnar C, Horner MD, Anderson B, Forster L, George MS, Nahas Z. Neurocognitive deficits and prefrontal cortical atrophy in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2008 Apr; 101(1-3):142-51. PMID: 18164594.
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    196. Baron Short E, Kose S, Mu Q, Borckardt J, Newberg A, George MS, Kozel FA. Regional brain activation during meditation shows time and practice effects: an exploratory FMRI study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2010 Mar; 7(1):121-7. PMID: 18955268.
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    197. Sackeim HA, George MS. Brain stimulation-basic, translational, and clinical research in neuromodulation: Why a new journal? Brain Stimul. 2008 Jan; 1(1):4-6. PMID: 20633365.
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    198. de Vries PM, Johnson KA, de Jong BM, Gieteling EW, Bohning DE, George MS, Leenders KL. Changed patterns of cerebral activation related to clinically normal hand movement in cervical dystonia. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2008 Feb; 110(2):120-8. PMID: 18006221.
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    199. Toxopeus CM, de Vries PM, de Jong BM, Johnson KA, George MS, Bohning DE, Walker J, Leenders KL. Cerebral activation patterns related to initiation and inhibition of hand movement. Neuroreport. 2007 Oct 08; 18(15):1557-60. PMID: 17885601.
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    200. Bodenlos JS, Kose S, Borckardt JJ, Nahas Z. Vagus nerve stimulation and emotional responses to food among depressed patients. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2007 Sep; 1(5):771-9. PMID: 19885147.
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    201. Johnson KA, Kozel FA, Laken SJ, George MS. The neuroscience of functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI for deception detection. Am J Bioeth. 2007 Sep; 7(9):58-60. PMID: 17849346.
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    202. Mu Q, Johnson K, Morgan PS, Grenesko EL, Molnar CE, Anderson B, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Kose S, Knable M, Fernandes P, Nichols DE, Mailman RB, George MS. A single 20 mg dose of the full D1 dopamine agonist dihydrexidine (DAR-0100) increases prefrontal perfusion in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Aug; 94(1-3):332-41. PMID: 17596915.
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    203. O'Reardon JP, Solvason HB, Janicak PG, Sampson S, Isenberg KE, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Avery D, Fitzgerald PB, Loo C, Demitrack MA, George MS, Sackeim HA. Efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depression: a multisite randomized controlled trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Dec 01; 62(11):1208-16. PMID: 17573044.
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    204. George MS, Nahas Z, Borckardt JJ, Anderson B, Foust MJ, Burns C, Kose S, Short EB. Brain stimulation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 May; 20(3):250-4; discussion 247-9. PMID: 17415078.
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    205. George MS, Molnar CE, Grenesko EL, Anderson B, Mu Q, Johnson K, Nahas Z, Knable M, Fernandes P, Juncos J, Huang X, Nichols DE, Mailman RB. A single 20 mg dose of dihydrexidine (DAR-0100), a full dopamine D1 agonist, is safe and tolerated in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2007 Jul; 93(1-3):42-50. PMID: 17467956.
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    206. Roberts DR, Ricci R, Funke FW, Ramsey P, Kelley W, Carroll JS, Ramsey D, Borckardt JJ, Johnson K, George MS. Lower limb immobilization is associated with increased corticospinal excitability. Exp Brain Res. 2007 Aug; 181(2):213-20. PMID: 17361426.
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    207. Sackeim HA, Brannan SK, Rush AJ, George MS, Marangell LB, Allen J. Durability of antidepressant response to vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2007 Dec; 10(6):817-26. PMID: 17288644.
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    208. Nahas Z, Teneback C, Chae JH, Mu Q, Molnar C, Kozel FA, Walker J, Anderson B, Koola J, Kose S, Lomarev M, Bohning DE, George MS. Serial vagus nerve stimulation functional MRI in treatment-resistant depression. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2007 Aug; 32(8):1649-60. PMID: 17203016.
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    209. Hajcak G, Molnar C, George MS, Bolger K, Koola J, Nahas Z. Emotion facilitates action: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study of motor cortex excitability during picture viewing. Psychophysiology. 2007 Jan; 44(1):91-7. PMID: 17241144.
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    210. George MS, Nahas Z, Borckardt JJ, Anderson B, Burns C, Kose S, Short EB. Vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Expert Rev Neurother. 2007 Jan; 7(1):63-74. PMID: 17187498.
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    211. Borckardt JJ, Smith AR, Reeves ST, Weinstein M, Kozel FA, Nahas Z, Shelley N, Branham RK, Thomas KJ, George MS. Fifteen minutes of left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation acutely increases thermal pain thresholds in healthy adults. Pain Res Manag. 2007; 12(4):287-90. PMID: 18080048.
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    212. George MS. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a stimulating new method for treating depression, but saddled with the same old problems. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Dec; 9(6):637-40. PMID: 17132179.
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    213. Borckardt JJ, Smith AR, Hutcheson K, Johnson K, Nahas Z, Anderson B, Schneider MB, Reeves ST, George MS. Reducing pain and unpleasantness during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. J ECT. 2006 Dec; 22(4):259-64. PMID: 17143157.
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    214. Nahas Z, Burns C, Foust MJ, Short B, Herbsman T, George MS. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for depression: what do we know now and what should be done next? Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006 Dec; 8(6):445-51. PMID: 17094924.
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    215. Bodenlos JS, Kose S, Borckardt JJ, Nahas Z, Shaw D, O'Neil PM, George MS. Vagus nerve stimulation acutely alters food craving in adults with depression. Appetite. 2007 Mar; 48(2):145-53. PMID: 17081655.
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    216. Borckardt JJ, Nahas Z, Koola J, George MS. Estimating resting motor thresholds in transcranial magnetic stimulation research and practice: a computer simulation evaluation of best methods. J ECT. 2006 Sep; 22(3):169-75. PMID: 16957531.
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    217. Borckardt JJ, Weinstein M, Reeves ST, Kozel FA, Nahas Z, Smith AR, Byrne TK, Morgan K, George MS. Postoperative left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces patient-controlled analgesia use. Anesthesiology. 2006 Sep; 105(3):557-62. PMID: 16931989.
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    218. Borckardt JJ, Anderson B, Andrew Kozel F, Nahas Z, Richard Smith A, Jackson Thomas K, Kose S, George MS. Acute and long-term VNS effects on pain perception in a case of treatment-resistant depression. Neurocase. 2006 Aug; 12(4):216-20. PMID: 17000590.
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    219. Nemeroff CB, Mayberg HS, Krahl SE, McNamara J, Frazer A, Henry TR, George MS, Charney DS, Brannan SK. VNS therapy in treatment-resistant depression: clinical evidence and putative neurobiological mechanisms. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2006 Jul; 31(7):1345-55. PMID: 16641939.
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    220. Anderson B, Mishory A, Nahas Z, Borckardt JJ, Yamanaka K, Rastogi K, George MS. Tolerability and safety of high daily doses of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in healthy young men. J ECT. 2006 Mar; 22(1):49-53. PMID: 16633208.
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    221. Conway CR, Sheline YI, Chibnall JT, George MS, Fletcher JW, Mintun MA. Cerebral blood flow changes during vagus nerve stimulation for depression. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Mar 31; 146(2):179-84. PMID: 16510266.
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    222. Fridriksson J, Ryalls J, Rorden C, Morgan PS, George MS, Baylis GC. Brain damage and cortical compensation in foreign accent syndrome. Neurocase. 2005 Oct; 11(5):319-24. PMID: 16251133.
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    223. Kozel FA, Johnson KA, Mu Q, Grenesko EL, Laken SJ, George MS. Detecting deception using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Oct 15; 58(8):605-13. PMID: 16185668.
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    224. Nahas Z, Marangell LB, Husain MM, Rush AJ, Sackeim HA, Lisanby SH, Martinez JM, George MS. Two-year outcome of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for treatment of major depressive episodes. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Sep; 66(9):1097-104. PMID: 16187765.
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    225. Rush AJ, Sackeim HA, Marangell LB, George MS, Brannan SK, Davis SM, Lavori P, Howland R, Kling MA, Rittberg B, Carpenter L, Ninan P, Moreno F, Schwartz T, Conway C, Burke M, Barry JJ. Effects of 12 months of vagus nerve stimulation in treatment-resistant depression: a naturalistic study. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Sep 01; 58(5):355-63. PMID: 16139581.
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    226. George MS, Rush AJ, Marangell LB, Sackeim HA, Brannan SK, Davis SM, Howland R, Kling MA, Moreno F, Rittberg B, Dunner D, Schwartz T, Carpenter L, Burke M, Ninan P, Goodnick P. A one-year comparison of vagus nerve stimulation with treatment as usual for treatment-resistant depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Sep 01; 58(5):364-73. PMID: 16139582.
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    227. Rush AJ, Marangell LB, Sackeim HA, George MS, Brannan SK, Davis SM, Howland R, Kling MA, Rittberg BR, Burke WJ, Rapaport MH, Zajecka J, Nierenberg AA, Husain MM, Ginsberg D, Cooke RG. Vagus nerve stimulation for treatment-resistant depression: a randomized, controlled acute phase trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Sep 01; 58(5):347-54. PMID: 16139580.
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    228. Bedwell JS, Horner MD, Yamanaka K, Li X, Myrick H, Nahas Z, George MS. Functional neuroanatomy of subcomponent cognitive processes involved in verbal working memory. Int J Neurosci. 2005 Jul; 115(7):1017-32. PMID: 16051547.
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    229. Caldwell JA, Mu Q, Smith JK, Mishory A, Caldwell JL, Peters G, Brown DL, George MS. Are individual differences in fatigue vulnerability related to baseline differences in cortical activation? Behav Neurosci. 2005 Jun; 119(3):694-707. PMID: 15998190.
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    230. Denslow S, Bohning DE, Bohning PA, Lomarev MP, George MS. An increased precision comparison of TMS-induced motor cortex BOLD fMRI response for image-guided versus function-guided coil placement. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2005 Jun; 18(2):119-26. PMID: 15970732.
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    231. Denslow S, Lomarev M, George MS, Bohning DE. Cortical and subcortical brain effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced movement: an interleaved TMS/functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Apr 01; 57(7):752-60. PMID: 15820232.
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    232. Mu Q, Mishory A, Johnson KA, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Yamanaka K, Bohning DE, George MS. Decreased brain activation during a working memory task at rested baseline is associated with vulnerability to sleep deprivation. Sleep. 2005 Apr; 28(4):433-46. PMID: 16171288.
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    233. Mu Q, Nahas Z, Johnson KA, Yamanaka K, Mishory A, Koola J, Hill S, Horner MD, Bohning DE, George MS. Decreased cortical response to verbal working memory following sleep deprivation. Sleep. 2005 Jan; 28(1):55-67. PMID: 15700721.
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    234. Borckardt JJ, Kozel FA, Anderson B, Walker A, George MS. Vagus nerve stimulation affects pain perception in depressed adults. Pain Res Manag. 2005; 10(1):9-14. PMID: 15782242.
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    235. Li X, Tang J, Wu Z, Zhao G, Liu C, George MS. SPECT study of Chinese schizophrenic patients suggests that cerebral hypoperfusion and laterality exist in different ethnic groups. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2005; 6(2):98-106. PMID: 16156482.
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    236. Lorberbaum JP, Kose S, Johnson MR, Arana GW, Sullivan LK, Hamner MB, Ballenger JC, Lydiard RB, Brodrick PS, Bohning DE, George MS. Neural correlates of speech anticipatory anxiety in generalized social phobia. Neuroreport. 2004 Dec 22; 15(18):2701-5. PMID: 15597038.
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    237. Lee SH, Kim W, Chung YC, Jung KH, Bahk WM, Jun TY, Kim KS, George MS, Chae JH. A double blind study showing that two weeks of daily repetitive TMS over the left or right temporoparietal cortex reduces symptoms in patients with schizophrenia who are having treatment-refractory auditory hallucinations. Neurosci Lett. 2005 Mar 16; 376(3):177-81. PMID: 15721217.
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    238. Najib A, Lorberbaum JP, Kose S, Bohning DE, George MS. Regional brain activity in women grieving a romantic relationship breakup. Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Dec; 161(12):2245-56. PMID: 15569896.
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    239. Denslow S, Lomarev M, Bohning DE, Mu Q, George MS. A high resolution assessment of the repeatability of relative location and intensity of transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced and volitionally induced blood oxygen level-dependent response in the motor cortex. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2004 Sep; 17(3):163-73. PMID: 15536304.
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    240. Mishory A, Molnar C, Koola J, Li X, Kozel FA, Myrick H, Stroud Z, Nahas Z, George MS. The maximum-likelihood strategy for determining transcranial magnetic stimulation motor threshold, using parameter estimation by sequential testing is faster than conventional methods with similar precision. J ECT. 2004 Sep; 20(3):160-5. PMID: 15343000.
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    241. Kozel FA, Padgett TM, George MS. A replication study of the neural correlates of deception. Behav Neurosci. 2004 Aug; 118(4):852-6. PMID: 15301611.
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    242. Li X, Tenebäck CC, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Large C, Cohn J, Bohning DE, George MS. Interleaved transcranial magnetic stimulation/functional MRI confirms that lamotrigine inhibits cortical excitability in healthy young men. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2004 Jul; 29(7):1395-407. PMID: 15100699.
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    243. Kozel FA, George MS, Simpson KN. Decision analysis of the cost-effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation versus electroconvulsive therapy for treatment of nonpsychotic severe depression. CNS Spectr. 2004 Jun; 9(6):476-82. PMID: 15162090.
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    244. Chae JH, Nahas Z, Wassermann E, Li X, Sethuraman G, Gilbert D, Sallee FR, George MS. A pilot safety study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in Tourette's syndrome. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2004 Jun; 17(2):109-17. PMID: 15453520.
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    245. Li X, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Anderson B, Bohning DE, George MS. Acute left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients is associated with immediately increased activity in prefrontal cortical as well as subcortical regions. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 May 01; 55(9):882-90. PMID: 15110731.
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    246. Mu Q, Bohning DE, Nahas Z, Walker J, Anderson B, Johnson KA, Denslow S, Lomarev M, Moghadam P, Chae JH, George MS. Acute vagus nerve stimulation using different pulse widths produces varying brain effects. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Apr 15; 55(8):816-25. PMID: 15050863.
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    247. Myrick H, Anton RF, Li X, Henderson S, Drobes D, Voronin K, George MS. Differential brain activity in alcoholics and social drinkers to alcohol cues: relationship to craving. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2004 Feb; 29(2):393-402. PMID: 14679386.
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    248. Nahas Z, Li X, Kozel FA, Mirzki D, Memon M, Miller K, Yamanaka K, Anderson B, Chae JH, Bohning DE, Mintzer J, George MS. Safety and benefits of distance-adjusted prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients 55-75 years of age: a pilot study. Depress Anxiety. 2004; 19(4):249-56. PMID: 15274174.
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    249. Li X, Nahas Z, Anderson B, Kozel FA, George MS. Can left prefrontal rTMS be used as a maintenance treatment for bipolar depression? Depress Anxiety. 2004; 20(2):98-100. PMID: 15390210.
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    250. Kozel FA, Revell LJ, Lorberbaum JP, Shastri A, Elhai JD, Horner MD, Smith A, Nahas Z, Bohning DE, George MS. A pilot study of functional magnetic resonance imaging brain correlates of deception in healthy young men. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2004; 16(3):295-305. PMID: 15377736.
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    251. Chae JH, Nahas Z, Lomarev M, Denslow S, Lorberbaum JP, Bohning DE, George MS. A review of functional neuroimaging studies of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). J Psychiatr Res. 2003 Nov-Dec; 37(6):443-55. PMID: 14563375.
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    252. Davey K, Epstein CM, George MS, Bohning DE. Modeling the effects of electrical conductivity of the head on the induced electric field in the brain during magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2204-9. PMID: 14580620.
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    253. Bohning DE, Denslow S, Bohning PA, Walker JA, George MS. A TMS coil positioning/holding system for MR image-guided TMS interleaved with fMRI. Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov; 114(11):2210-9. PMID: 14580621.
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    254. George MS. Stimulating the brain. Sci Am. 2003 Sep; 289(3):66-73. PMID: 12951829.
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    255. George MS, Nahas Z, Kozol FA, Li X, Yamanaka K, Mishory A, Bohning DE. Mechanisms and the current state of transcranial magnetic stimulation. CNS Spectr. 2003 Jul; 8(7):496-514. PMID: 12894031.
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    256. Belmaker B, Fitzgerald P, George MS, Lisanby SH, Pascual-Leone A, Schlaepfer TE, Wassermann E. Managing the risks of repetitive transcranial stimulation. CNS Spectr. 2003 Jul; 8(7):489. PMID: 12894029.
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    257. Nahas Z, George MS, Horner MD, Markowitz JS, Li X, Lorberbaum JP, Owens SD, McGurk S, DeVane L, Risch SC. Augmenting atypical antipsychotics with a cognitive enhancer (donepezil) improves regional brain activity in schizophrenia patients: a pilot double-blind placebo controlled BOLD fMRI study. Neurocase. 2003 Jun; 9(3):274-82. PMID: 12925933.
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    258. Li X, Nahas Z, Lomarev M, Denslow S, Shastri A, Bohning DE, George MS. Prefrontal cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation does not change local diffusion: a magnetic resonance imaging study in patients with depression. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2003 Jun; 16(2):128-35. PMID: 12799599.
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    259. McConnell KA, Bohning DE, Nahas Z, Shastri A, Teneback C, Lorberbaum JP, Lomarev MP, Vincent DJ, George MS. BOLD fMRI response to direct stimulation (transcranial magnetic stimulation) of the motor cortex shows no decline with age. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2003 May; 110(5):495-507. PMID: 12721811.
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    260. George MS, Nahas Z, Lisanby SH, Schlaepfer T, Kozel FA, Greenberg BD. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2003 Apr; 14(2):283-301. PMID: 12856495.
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    261. George MS, Rush AJ, Sackeim HA, Marangell LB. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS): utility in neuropsychiatric disorders. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2003 Mar; 6(1):73-83. PMID: 12899738.
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    262. Bohning DE, Shastri A, Lomarev MP, Lorberbaum JP, Nahas Z, George MS. BOLD-fMRI response vs. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulse-train length: testing for linearity. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Mar; 17(3):279-90. PMID: 12594717.
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    263. Pridmore S, Khan U, Rosa MA, George MS. Information for assistants of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2003 Mar; 12(1):22-9. PMID: 14685956.
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    264. Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Li X, Anderson B, George MS. Left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatment of depression in bipolar affective disorder: a pilot study of acute safety and efficacy. Bipolar Disord. 2003 Feb; 5(1):40-7. PMID: 12656937.
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    265. Frye MA, Pazzaglia PJ, George MS, Luckenbaugh DA, Vanderham E, Davis CL, Rubinow DR, Post RM. Low CSF somatostatin associated with response to nimodipine in patents with affective illness. Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Jan 15; 53(2):180-3. PMID: 12547475.
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    266. Bohning DE, Denslow S, Bohning PA, Lomarev MP, George MS. Interleaving fMRI and rTMS. Suppl Clin Neurophysiol. 2003; 56:42-54. PMID: 14677381.
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    267. George MS, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Li X, Denslow S, Yamanaka K, Mishory A, Foust MJ, Bohning DE. Mechanisms and state of the art of transcranial magnetic stimulation. J ECT. 2002 Dec; 18(4):170-81. PMID: 12468991.
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    268. Kimbrell TA, Dunn RT, George MS, Danielson AL, Willis MW, Repella JD, Benson BE, Herscovitch P, Post RM, Wassermann EM. Left prefrontal-repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and regional cerebral glucose metabolism in normal volunteers. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Oct 01; 115(3):101-13. PMID: 12208488.
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    269. George MS, Nahas Z, Li X, Kozel FA, Anderson B, Yamanaka K, Chae JH, Foust MJ. Novel treatments of mood disorders based on brain circuitry (ECT, MST, TMS, VNS, DBS). Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry. 2002 Oct; 7(4):293-304. PMID: 12382211.
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    270. George MS, Nahas Z, Bohning DE, Kozel FA, Anderson B, Chae JH, Lomarev M, Denslow S, Li X, Mu C. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy: a research update. Neurology. 2002 Sep 24; 59(6 Suppl 4):S56-61. PMID: 12270970.
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    271. Kozel FA, George MS. Meta-analysis of left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat depression. J Psychiatr Pract. 2002 Sep; 8(5):270-5. PMID: 15985889.
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    272. George MS. New methods of minimally invasive brain modulation as therapies in psychiatry: TMS, MST, VNS and DBS. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 2002 Aug; 65(8):349-60. PMID: 12455803.
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    273. Lomarev M, Denslow S, Nahas Z, Chae JH, George MS, Bohning DE. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) synchronized BOLD fMRI suggests that VNS in depressed adults has frequency/dose dependent effects. J Psychiatr Res. 2002 Jul-Aug; 36(4):219-27. PMID: 12191626.
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    274. Lorberbaum JP, Newman JD, Horwitz AR, Dubno JR, Lydiard RB, Hamner MB, Bohning DE, George MS. A potential role for thalamocingulate circuitry in human maternal behavior. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Mar 15; 51(6):431-45. PMID: 11922877.
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    275. Willis MW, Ketter TA, Kimbrell TA, George MS, Herscovitch P, Danielson AL, Benson BE, Post RM. Age, sex and laterality effects on cerebral glucose metabolism in healthy adults. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Feb 15; 114(1):23-37. PMID: 11864807.
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    276. Marangell LB, Rush AJ, George MS, Sackeim HA, Johnson CR, Husain MM, Nahas Z, Lisanby SH. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for major depressive episodes: one year outcomes. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Feb 15; 51(4):280-7. PMID: 11958778.
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    277. Kimbrell TA, Ketter TA, George MS, Little JT, Benson BE, Willis MW, Herscovitch P, Post RM. Regional cerebral glucose utilization in patients with a range of severities of unipolar depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Feb 01; 51(3):237-52. PMID: 11839367.
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    278. Nahas Z, Lomarev M, Roberts DR, Shastri A, Lorberbaum JP, Teneback C, McConnell K, Vincent DJ, Li X, George MS, Bohning DE. Unilateral left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) produces intensity-dependent bilateral effects as measured by interleaved BOLD fMRI. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Nov 01; 50(9):712-20. PMID: 11704079.
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    279. Bohning DE, Lomarev MP, Denslow S, Nahas Z, Shastri A, George MS. Feasibility of vagus nerve stimulation-synchronized blood oxygenation level-dependent functional MRI. Invest Radiol. 2001 Aug; 36(8):470-9. PMID: 11500598.
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    280. Shastri A, Lomarev MP, Nelson SJ, George MS, Holzwarth MR, Bohning DE. A low-cost system for monitoring skin conductance during functional MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2001 Aug; 14(2):187-93. PMID: 11477679.
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    281. Nahas Z, Li X, Chae JH, Oliver NC, Anderson B, Kapp B, George MS. What Does ECS Stand for? Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Depression. Volume 2, Number 3, Part 2 (June 1, 2001), pages S21-S29. Epilepsy Behav. 2001 Aug; 2(4):375. PMID: 12609217.
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    282. George MS, Anton RF, Bloomer C, Teneback C, Drobes DJ, Lorberbaum JP, Nahas Z, Vincent DJ. Activation of prefrontal cortex and anterior thalamus in alcoholic subjects on exposure to alcohol-specific cues. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001 Apr; 58(4):345-52. PMID: 11296095.
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    283. McConnell KA, Nahas Z, Shastri A, Lorberbaum JP, Kozel FA, Bohning DE, George MS. The transcranial magnetic stimulation motor threshold depends on the distance from coil to underlying cortex: a replication in healthy adults comparing two methods of assessing the distance to cortex. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Mar 01; 49(5):454-9. PMID: 11274657.
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    284. Bohning DE, He L, George MS, Epstein CM. Deconvolution of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) maps. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2001; 108(1):35-52. PMID: 11261745.
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    285. Risch SC, McGurk S, Horner MD, Nahas Z, Owens SD, Molloy M, Gilliard C, Christie S, Markowitz JS, DeVane CL, Mintzer J, George MS. A double-blind placebo-controlled case study of the use of donepezil to improve cognition in a schizoaffective disorder patient: functional MRI correlates. Neurocase. 2001; 7(2):105-10. PMID: 11320158.
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    286. Nahas Z, Teneback CC, Kozel A, Speer AM, DeBrux C, Molloy M, Stallings L, Spicer KM, Arana G, Bohning DE, Risch SC, George MS. Brain effects of TMS delivered over prefrontal cortex in depressed adults: role of stimulation frequency and coil-cortex distance. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2001; 13(4):459-70. PMID: 11748315.
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    287. George MS, Sallee FR, Nahas Z, Oliver NC, Wassermann EM. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a research tool in Tourette syndrome and related disorders. Adv Neurol. 2001; 85:225-35. PMID: 11530430.
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    288. Nahas Z, DeBrux C, Chandler V, Lorberbaum JP, Speer AM, Molloy MA, Liberatos C, Risch SC, George MS. Lack of significant changes on magnetic resonance scans before and after 2 weeks of daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression. J ECT. 2000 Dec; 16(4):380-90. PMID: 11314876.
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    289. George MS, Sackeim HA, Marangell LB, Husain MM, Nahas Z, Lisanby SH, Ballenger JC, Rush AJ. Vagus nerve stimulation. A potential therapy for resistant depression? Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2000 Dec; 23(4):757-83. PMID: 11147246.
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    290. George MS, Nahas Z, Molloy M, Speer AM, Oliver NC, Li XB, Arana GW, Risch SC, Ballenger JC. A controlled trial of daily left prefrontal cortex TMS for treating depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2000 Nov 15; 48(10):962-70. PMID: 11082469.
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    291. George MS, Nahas Z, Bohning DE, Lomarev M, Denslow S, Osenbach R, Ballenger JC. Vagus nerve stimulation: a new form of therapeutic brain stimulation. CNS Spectr. 2000 Nov; 5(11):43-52. PMID: 18188148.
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    292. Bohning DE, Shastri A, McGavin L, McConnell KA, Nahas Z, Lorberbaum JP, Roberts DR, George MS. Motor cortex brain activity induced by 1-Hz transcranial magnetic stimulation is similar in location and level to that for volitional movement. Invest Radiol. 2000 Nov; 35(11):676-83. PMID: 11110304.
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    293. Goldman J, Nahas Z, George MS. What is transcranial magnetic stimulation? Harv Ment Health Lett. 2000 Aug; 17(2):8. PMID: 10927654.
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    294. Bohning DE, Shastri A, Wassermann EM, Ziemann U, Lorberbaum JP, Nahas Z, Lomarev MP, George MS. BOLD-f MRI response to single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Jun; 11(6):569-74. PMID: 10862054.
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    295. George MS, Sackeim HA, Rush AJ, Marangell LB, Nahas Z, Husain MM, Lisanby S, Burt T, Goldman J, Ballenger JC. Vagus nerve stimulation: a new tool for brain research and therapy. Biol Psychiatry. 2000 Feb 15; 47(4):287-95. PMID: 10686263.
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    296. Kozel FA, Nahas Z, deBrux C, Molloy M, Lorberbaum JP, Bohning D, Risch SC, George MS. How coil-cortex distance relates to age, motor threshold, and antidepressant response to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2000; 12(3):376-84. PMID: 10956572.
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    297. George MS, Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Goldman J, Molloy M, Oliver N. Improvement of depression following transcranial magnetic stimulation. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 1999 Dec; 1(2):114-24. PMID: 11122913.
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    298. Nahas Z, Molloy MA, Hughes PL, Oliver NC, Arana GW, Risch SC, George MS. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: perspectives for application in the treatment of bipolar and unipolar disorders. Bipolar Disord. 1999 Dec; 1(2):73-80. PMID: 11252662.
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    299. George MS, Nahas Z, Lomarov M, Bohning DE, Kellner C. How knowledge of regional brain dysfunction in depression will enable new somatic treatments in the next millennium. CNS Spectr. 1999 Jul; 4(7):53-61. PMID: 18438297.
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    300. George MS, Tenebäck CC, Malcolm RJ, Moore J, Stallings LE, Spicer KM, Anton RF, Ballenger JC. Multiple previous alcohol detoxifications are associated with decreased medial temporal and paralimbic function in the postwithdrawal period. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1999 Jun; 23(6):1077-84. PMID: 10397294.
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    301. George MS, Lisanby SH, Sackeim HA. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: applications in neuropsychiatry. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999 Apr; 56(4):300-11. PMID: 10197824.
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    302. Bohning DE, Shastri A, McConnell KA, Nahas Z, Lorberbaum JP, Roberts DR, Teneback C, Vincent DJ, George MS. A combined TMS/fMRI study of intensity-dependent TMS over motor cortex. Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Feb 15; 45(4):385-94. PMID: 10071706.
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    303. George MS, Avery D, Nahas Z, Molloy M, Oliver NC, Risch SC, Arana GW. rTMS studies of mood and emotion. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1999; 51:304-14. PMID: 10590964.
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    304. Lorberbaum JP, Newman JD, Dubno JR, Horwitz AR, Nahas Z, Teneback CC, Bloomer CW, Bohning DE, Vincent D, Johnson MR, Emmanuel N, Brawman-Mintzer O, Book SW, Lydiard RB, Ballenger JC, George MS. Feasibility of using fMRI to study mothers responding to infant cries. Depress Anxiety. 1999; 10(3):99-104. PMID: 10604082.
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    305. Nahas Z, Bohning DE, Molloy MA, Oustz JA, Risch SC, George MS. Safety and feasibility of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of anxious depression in pregnancy: a case report. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999 Jan; 60(1):50-2. PMID: 10074879.
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    306. Shastri A, George MS, Bohning DE. Performance of a system for interleaving transcranial magnetic stimulation with steady-state magnetic resonance imaging. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol Suppl. 1999; 51:55-64. PMID: 10590936.
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    307. Teneback CC, Nahas Z, Speer AM, Molloy M, Stallings LE, Spicer KM, Risch SC, George MS. Changes in prefrontal cortex and paralimbic activity in depression following two weeks of daily left prefrontal TMS. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1999; 11(4):426-35. PMID: 10570754.
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    308. Hamner MB, Lorberbaum JP, George MS. Potential role of the anterior cingulate cortex in PTSD: review and hypothesis. Depress Anxiety. 1999; 9(1):1-14. PMID: 9989344.
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    309. Bohning DE, Shastri A, Nahas Z, Lorberbaum JP, Andersen SW, Dannels WR, Haxthausen EU, Vincent DJ, George MS. Echoplanar BOLD fMRI of brain activation induced by concurrent transcranial magnetic stimulation. Invest Radiol. 1998 Jun; 33(6):336-40. PMID: 9647445.
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    310. George MS, Huggins T, McDermut W, Parekh PI, Rubinow D, Post RM. Abnormal facial emotion recognition in depression: serial testing in an ultra-rapid-cycling patient. Behav Modif. 1998 Apr; 22(2):192-204. PMID: 9563292.
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    311. Nahas Z, Arlinghaus KA, Kotrla KJ, Clearman RR, George MS. Rapid response of emotional incontinence to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1998; 10(4):453-5. PMID: 9813792.
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    312. George MS, Wassermann EM, Kimbrell TA, Little JT, Williams WE, Danielson AL, Greenberg BD, Hallett M, Post RM. Mood improvement following daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with depression: a placebo-controlled crossover trial. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Dec; 154(12):1752-6. PMID: 9396958.
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    313. Bohning DE, Pecheny AP, Epstein CM, Speer AM, Vincent DJ, Dannels W, George MS. Mapping transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) fields in vivo with MRI. Neuroreport. 1997 Jul 28; 8(11):2535-8. PMID: 9261822.
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    314. George MS, Ketter TA, Parekh PI, Rosinsky N, Ring HA, Pazzaglia PJ, Marangell LB, Callahan AM, Post RM. Blunted left cingulate activation in mood disorder subjects during a response interference task (the Stroop). J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1997; 9(1):55-63. PMID: 9017529.
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    315. Roberts DR, Vincent DJ, Speer AM, Bohning DE, Cure J, Young J, George MS. Multi-modality mapping of motor cortex: comparing echoplanar BOLD fMRI and transcranial magnetic stimulation. Short communication. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 1997; 104(8-9):833-43. PMID: 9451716.
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    316. Worthington C, Vincent DJ, Bryant AE, Roberts DR, Vera CL, Ross DA, George MS. Comparison of functional magnetic resonance imaging for language localization and intracarotid speech amytal testing in presurgical evaluation for intractable epilepsy. Preliminary results. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 1997; 69(1-4 Pt 2):197-201. PMID: 9711754.
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    317. George MS, Parekh PI, Rosinsky N, Ketter TA, Kimbrell TA, Heilman KM, Herscovitch P, Post RM. Understanding emotional prosody activates right hemisphere regions. Arch Neurol. 1996 Jul; 53(7):665-70. PMID: 8929174.
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    318. George MS, Wassermann EM, Williams WA, Steppel J, Pascual-Leone A, Basser P, Hallett M, Post RM. Changes in mood and hormone levels after rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the prefrontal cortex. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1996; 8(2):172-80. PMID: 9081553.
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    319. George MS, Wassermann EM, Post RM. Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a neuropsychiatric tool for the 21st century. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1996; 8(4):373-82. PMID: 9116472.
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    320. Brewerton TD, George MS. Is migraine related to the eating disorders? Int J Eat Disord. 1993 Jul; 14(1):75-9. PMID: 8339102.
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    321. George MS, Melvin JA, Kellner CH. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in neurologic disease: a review. Behav Neurol. 1992; 5(1):3-10. PMID: 24487654.
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    322. George MS, Lydiard RB. Speed of onset of action of the newer antidepressants--fluoxetine and bupropion. Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 1991; 6(4):209-17. PMID: 1840065.
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    323. Brewerton TD, George MS. A study of the seasonal variation of migraine. Headache. 1990 Jul; 30(8):511-3. PMID: 2228603.
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    324. George MS, Gross JA, Hogan EL, Kurent J, Plyler J, Perot PL. Establishing brain death in South Carolina: a clinician's guide. J S C Med Assoc. 1990 Jul; 86(7):385-8. PMID: 2204766.
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    325. George MS, Scott T, Kellner CH, Malcolm R. Abnormalities of the septum pellucidum in schizophrenia. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1989; 1(4):385-90. PMID: 2521087.
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