Caroline Westwater

Title
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentOral Health Sciences
AddressP.O. Box MSC 507
230-E
173 Ashley Ave.
Phone843-792-7703
Fax843-792-6626
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Sofi MH, Wu Y, Ticer T, Schutt S, Bastian D, Choi HJ, Tian L, Mealer C, Liu C, Westwater C, Armeson KE, Alekseyenko AV, Yu XZ. A single strain of Bacteroides fragilis protects gut integrity and reduces GVHD. JCI Insight. 2021 02 08; 6(3). PMID: 33554953.
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    2. Hathaway-Schrader JD, Poulides NA, Carson MD, Kirkpatrick JE, Warner AJ, Swanson BA, Taylor EV, Chew ME, Reddy SV, Liu B, Westwater C, Novince CM. Specific Commensal Bacterium Critically Regulates Gut Microbiota Osteoimmunomodulatory Actions During Normal Postpubertal Skeletal Growth and Maturation. JBMR Plus. 2020 Mar; 4(3):e10338. PMID: 32161843.
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    3. Wu YY, Westwater C, Xiao E, Dias CorrĂȘa J, Xiao WM, Graves DT. Establishment of oral bacterial communities in germ-free mice and the influence of recipient age. Mol Oral Microbiol. 2018 02; 33(1):38-46. PMID: 28776953.
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    4. Novince CM, Whittow CR, Aartun JD, Hathaway JD, Poulides N, Chavez MB, Steinkamp HM, Kirkwood KA, Huang E, Westwater C, Kirkwood KL. Commensal Gut Microbiota Immunomodulatory Actions in Bone Marrow and Liver have Catabolic Effects on Skeletal Homeostasis in Health. Sci Rep. 2017 07 18; 7(1):5747. PMID: 28720797.
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    5. Hua Y, Yang Y, Sun S, Iwanowycz S, Westwater C, Reizis B, Li Z, Liu B. Gut homeostasis and regulatory T cell induction depend on molecular chaperone gp96 in CD11c+ cells. Sci Rep. 2017 05 19; 7(1):2171. PMID: 28526855.
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    6. Fugle CW, Zhang Y, Hong F, Sun S, Westwater C, Rachidi S, Yu H, Garret-Mayer E, Kirkwood K, Liu B, Li Z. CD24 blunts oral squamous cancer development and dampens the functional expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells. Oncoimmunology. 2016; 5(10):e1226719. PMID: 27853649.
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    7. Yu DH, Gadkari M, Zhou Q, Yu S, Gao N, Guan Y, Schady D, Roshan TN, Chen MH, Laritsky E, Ge Z, Wang H, Chen R, Westwater C, Bry L, Waterland RA, Moriarty C, Hwang C, Swennes AG, Moore SR, Shen L. Postnatal epigenetic regulation of intestinal stem cells requires DNA methylation and is guided by the microbiome. Genome Biol. 2015 Sep 30; 16:211. PMID: 26420038.
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    8. Mazagova M, Wang L, Anfora AT, Wissmueller M, Lesley SA, Miyamoto Y, Eckmann L, Dhungana S, Pathmasiri W, Sumner S, Westwater C, Brenner DA, Schnabl B. Commensal microbiota is hepatoprotective and prevents liver fibrosis in mice. FASEB J. 2015 Mar; 29(3):1043-55. PMID: 25466902.
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    9. Schofield DA, Sharp NJ, Vandamm J, Molineux IJ, Spreng KA, Rajanna C, Westwater C, Stewart GC. Bacillus anthracis diagnostic detection and rapid antibiotic susceptibility determination using 'bioluminescent' reporter phage. J Microbiol Methods. 2013 Nov; 95(2):156-61. PMID: 23994352.
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    10. Schofield D, Bull CT, Rubio I, Wechter WP, Westwater C, Molineux IJ. "Light-tagged" bacteriophage as a diagnostic tool for the detection of phytopathogens. Bioengineered. 2013 Jan-Feb; 4(1):50-4. PMID: 22990589.
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    11. Tripathi K, Matmati N, Zzaman S, Westwater C, Mohanty BK. Nicotinamide induces Fob1-dependent plasmid integration into chromosome XII in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. FEMS Yeast Res. 2012 Dec; 12(8):949-57. PMID: 22909099.
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    12. Schofield DA, Molineux IJ, Westwater C. Rapid identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of Yersinia pestis using bioluminescent reporter phage. J Microbiol Methods. 2012 Aug; 90(2):80-2. PMID: 22579583.
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    13. Schofield DA, Sharp NJ, Westwater C. Phage-based platforms for the clinical detection of human bacterial pathogens. Bacteriophage. 2012 Apr 01; 2(2):105-283. PMID: 23050221.
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    14. Schofield DA, Bull CT, Rubio I, Wechter WP, Westwater C, Molineux IJ. Development of an engineered bioluminescent reporter phage for detection of bacterial blight of crucifers. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 May; 78(10):3592-8. PMID: 22427491.
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    15. Westwater C, Schofield DA. Laser capture microdissection of Candida albicans from host tissue. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 845:397-409. PMID: 22328390.
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    16. Yuen HK, Westwater C, Degarmo J, Bandyopadhyay D. Immediate Effect of Xylitol Chewing Gum and Mouth Rinse on Salivary Levels of Mutans Streptococci in Adults with Systemic Sclerosis: A Pilot Study. J Exp Integr Med. 2012 Jan 01; 2(1):89-92. PMID: 24532975.
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    17. Schofield DA, Molineux IJ, Westwater C. 'Bioluminescent' reporter phage for the detection of Category A bacterial pathogens. J Vis Exp. 2011 Jul 08; (53):e2740. PMID: 21775956.
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    18. Schofield DA, Molineux IJ, Westwater C. Diagnostic bioluminescent phage for detection of Yersinia pestis. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Dec; 47(12):3887-94. PMID: 19828743.
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    19. Schofield DA, Westwater C. Phage-mediated bioluminescent detection of Bacillus anthracis. J Appl Microbiol. 2009 Nov; 107(5):1468-78. PMID: 19426264.
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    20. Westwater C, Schofield DA, Nicholas PJ, Paulling EE, Balish E. Candida glabrata and Candida albicans; dissimilar tissue tropism and infectivity in a gnotobiotic model of mucosal candidiasis. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2007 Oct; 51(1):134-9. PMID: 17854475.
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    21. Westwater C, Balish E, Warner TF, Nicholas PJ, Paulling EE, Schofield DA. Susceptibility of gnotobiotic transgenic mice (Tgepsilon26) with combined deficiencies in natural killer cells and T cells to wild-type and hyphal signalling-defective mutants of Candida albicans. J Med Microbiol. 2007 Sep; 56(Pt 9):1138-1144. PMID: 17761474.
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    22. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Barth JL, DiNovo AA. Development of a yeast biosensor-biocatalyst for the detection and biodegradation of the organophosphate paraoxon. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007 Oct; 76(6):1383-94. PMID: 17665192.
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    23. Westwater C, Balish E, Schofield DA. Candida albicans-conditioned medium protects yeast cells from oxidative stress: a possible link between quorum sensing and oxidative stress resistance. Eukaryot Cell. 2005 Oct; 4(10):1654-61. PMID: 16215173.
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    24. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Warner T, Balish E. Differential Candida albicans lipase gene expression during alimentary tract colonization and infection. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2005 Mar 15; 244(2):359-65. PMID: 15766791.
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    25. Balish E, Warner TF, Nicholas PJ, Paulling EE, Westwater C, Schofield DA. Susceptibility of germfree phagocyte oxidase- and nitric oxide synthase 2-deficient mice, defective in the production of reactive metabolites of both oxygen and nitrogen, to mucosal and systemic candidiasis of endogenous origin. Infect Immun. 2005 Mar; 73(3):1313-20. PMID: 15731028.
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    26. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Balish E. Divergent chemokine, cytokine and beta-defensin responses to gastric candidiasis in immunocompetent C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. J Med Microbiol. 2005 Jan; 54(Pt 1):87-92. PMID: 15591261.
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    27. Munro CA, Bates S, Buurman ET, Hughes HB, Maccallum DM, Bertram G, Atrih A, Ferguson MA, Bain JM, Brand A, Hamilton S, Westwater C, Thomson LM, Brown AJ, Odds FC, Gow NA. Mnt1p and Mnt2p of Candida albicans are partially redundant alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferases that participate in O-linked mannosylation and are required for adhesion and virulence. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jan 14; 280(2):1051-60. PMID: 15519997.
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    28. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Balish E. beta-defensin expression in immunocompetent and immunodeficient germ-free and Candida albicans-monoassociated mice. J Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 01; 190(7):1327-34. PMID: 15346345.
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    29. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Warner T, Nicholas PJ, Paulling EE, Balish E. Hydrolytic gene expression during oroesophageal and gastric candidiasis in immunocompetent and immunodeficient gnotobiotic mice. J Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 15; 188(4):591-9. PMID: 12898449.
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    30. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Hoel BD, Werner PA, Norris JS, Schmidt MG. Development of a thermally regulated broad-spectrum promoter system for use in pathogenic gram-positive species. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003 Jun; 69(6):3385-92. PMID: 12788740.
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    31. Westwater C, Kasman LM, Schofield DA, Werner PA, Dolan JW, Schmidt MG, Norris JS. Use of genetically engineered phage to deliver antimicrobial agents to bacteria: an alternative therapy for treatment of bacterial infections. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Apr; 47(4):1301-7. PMID: 12654662.
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    32. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Paulling EE, Nicholas PJ, Balish E. Detection of Candida albicans mRNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded mouse tissues by nested reverse transcription-PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Feb; 41(2):831-4. PMID: 12574294.
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    33. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Dolan JW, Norris JS, Schmidt MG. Doc-mediated cell killing in Shigella flexneri using a C1/LacI controlled expression system. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002 Oct 08; 215(2):237-42. PMID: 12399040.
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    34. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Dolan JW, Norris JS, Schmidt MG. Tight regulation and modulation via a C1-regulated promoter in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Curr Microbiol. 2002 Jun; 44(6):425-30. PMID: 12000993.
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    35. Hairfield ML, Westwater C, Dolan JW. Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase activity is stimulated during temperature-induced morphogenesis in Candida albicans. Microbiology (Reading). 2002 Jun; 148(Pt 6):1737-1746. PMID: 12055293.
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    36. Kasman LM, Kasman A, Westwater C, Dolan J, Schmidt MG, Norris JS. Overcoming the phage replication threshold: a mathematical model with implications for phage therapy. J Virol. 2002 Jun; 76(11):5557-64. PMID: 11991984.
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    37. Westwater C, Schofield DA, Schmidt MG, Norris JS, Dolan JW. Development of a P1 phagemid system for the delivery of DNA into Gram-negative bacteria. Microbiology (Reading). 2002 Apr; 148(Pt 4):943-950. PMID: 11932441.
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    38. Shaw DM, Woods AM, Myers KA, Westwater C, Rahi-Saund V, Davies MJ, Renouf DV, Hounsell EF, Stern PL. Glycosylation and epitope mapping of the 5T4 glycoprotein oncofoetal antigen. Biochem J. 2002 Apr 01; 363(Pt 1):137-45. PMID: 11903056.
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    39. Awan A, Lucic MR, Shaw DM, Sheppard F, Westwater C, Lyons SA, Stern PL. 5T4 interacts with TIP-2/GIPC, a PDZ protein, with implications for metastasis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 25; 290(3):1030-6. PMID: 11798178.
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    40. Schofield DA, Westwater C, Dolan JW, Schmidt MG, Norris JS. Controlled expression in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Shigella flexneri using a bacteriophage P1-derived C1-regulated promoter system. J Bacteriol. 2001 Dec; 183(23):6947-50. PMID: 11698385.
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    41. Shaw DM, Embleton MJ, Westwater C, Ryan MG, Myers KA, Kingsman SM, Carroll MW, Stern PL. Isolation of a high affinity scFv from a monoclonal antibody recognising the oncofoetal antigen 5T4. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Dec 15; 1524(2-3):238-46. PMID: 11113573.
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    42. Norris JS, Westwater C, Schofield D. Prokaryotic gene therapy to combat multidrug resistant bacterial infection. Gene Ther. 2000 May; 7(9):723-5. PMID: 10822297.
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    43. Gow NA, Bates S, Brown AJ, Buurman ET, Thomson LM, Westwater C. Candida cell wall mannosylation: importance in host-fungus interaction and potential as a target for the development of antifungal drugs. Biochem Soc Trans. 1999 Aug; 27(4):512-6. PMID: 10917631.
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    44. King KW, Sheppard FC, Westwater C, Stern PL, Myers KA. Organisation of the mouse and human 5T4 oncofoetal leucine-rich glycoprotein genes and expression in foetal and adult murine tissues. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Jun 09; 1445(3):257-70. PMID: 10366710.
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    45. Buurman ET, Westwater C, Hube B, Brown AJ, Odds FC, Gow NA. Molecular analysis of CaMnt1p, a mannosyl transferase important for adhesion and virulence of Candida albicans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Jun 23; 95(13):7670-5. PMID: 9636208.
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