Eric M. Graham

TitleDirector, Division of Pediatric Cardiology
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentPediatric Cardiology
AddressP.O. Box MSC 915
EH 601A
Children's Hospital - 165 Ashley Ave.
Phone843-792-9570
Fax843-792-5878
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse keywords
    Cardiovascular, Children-s Health, Infant, Pediatrics, Drug Studies, Surgery, Heart

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse studies/trials

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Nathan M, Levine JC, Van Rompay MI, Lambert LM, Trachtenberg FL, Colan SD, Adachi I, Anderson BR, Bacha EA, Eckhauser A, Gaynor JW, Graham EM, Goot B, Jacobs JP, John R, Kaltman JR, Kanter KR, Mery CM, LuAnn Minich L, Ohye R, Overman D, Pizarro C, Raghuveer G, Schamberger MS, Schwartz SM, Narasimhan SL, Taylor MD, Wang K, Newburger JW. Impact of Major Residual Lesions on Outcomes After Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 May 18; 77(19):2382-2394. PMID: 33985683.
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    2. Zyblewski SC, Martin RH, Shipes VB, Hamlin-Smith K, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Kavarana MN, Mahle WT, Everett AD, Graham EM. Intraoperative methylprednisolone and neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants after cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2021 Apr 14. PMID: 33864754.
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    3. McKeta AS, Hlavacek AM, Chowdhury SM, Scheurer M, Graham EM, Zyblewski SC, Buckley JR. Improved outcomes after implementation of a specialized pediatric cardiac rapid response team. Cardiol Young. 2021 Feb 24; 1-7. PMID: 33622435.
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    4. Rajab TK, Graham EM. Spillover of Early Extubation Practices: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2021 02 01; 22(2):226-228. PMID: 33528201.
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    5. Bronicki RA, Flores S, Loomba RS, Checchia PA, Pollack U, Villarreal EG, Nickerson P, Graham EM. Impact of Corticosteroids on Cardiopulmonary Bypass Induced Inflammation in Children:A Meta-Analysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020 Dec 09. PMID: 33309732.
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    6. Rooney SR, Mastropietro CW, Benneyworth B, Graham EM, Klugman D, Costello J, Ghanayem N, Zhang W, Banerjee M, Gaies M. Influence of Early Extubation Location on Outcomes Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 10; 21(10):e915-e921. PMID: 32639473.
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    7. DiPietro LM, Gaies M, Banerjee M, Donohue JE, Zhang W, DeSena HC, Graham EM, Sasaki J, Moga MA, Prodhan P, Goldstein SL, Tabbutt S, Cooper DS. Central Venous Catheter Utilization and Complications in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU: A Report From the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium (PC4). Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 08; 21(8):729-737. PMID: 32453921.
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    8. Hill KD, Baldwin HS, Bichel DP, Ellis AM, Graham EM, Hornik CP, Jacobs JP, Jaquiss RDB, Jacobs ML, Kannankeril PJ, Li JS, Torok R, Turek JW, O'Brien SM. Overcoming underpowering: Trial simulations and a global rank end point to optimize clinical trials in children with heart disease. Am Heart J. 2020 08; 226:188-197. PMID: 32599259.
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    9. Everett AD, Buckley JP, Ellis G, Yang J, Graham D, Griffiths M, Bembea M, Graham EM. Association of Neurodevelopmental Outcomes With Environmental Exposure to Cyclohexanone During Neonatal Congenital Cardiac Operations: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 05 01; 3(5):e204070. PMID: 32374395.
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    10. Hill KD, Baldwin HS, Bichel DP, Butts RJ, Chamberlain RC, Ellis AM, Graham EM, Hickerson J, Hornik CP, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Jaquiss RD, Kannankeril PJ, O'Brien SM, Torok R, Turek JW, Li JS. Rationale and design of the STeroids to REduce Systemic inflammation after infant heart Surgery (STRESS) trial. Am Heart J. 2020 02; 220:192-202. PMID: 31855716.
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    11. Hornik CP, Gonzalez D, Dumond J, Wu H, Graham EM, Hill KD, Cohen-Wolkowiez M. Population Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Methylprednisolone in Neonates Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass. CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol. 2019 12; 8(12):913-922. PMID: 31646767.
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    12. Schroeder LW, Buckley JR, Stroud RE, Martin RH, Nadeau EK, Barrs R, Graham EM. Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin Is Associated With Acute Kidney Injury and Clinical Outcomes in Neonates Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 10; 20(10):957-962. PMID: 31206501.
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    13. Graham EM, Martin RH, Buckley JR, Zyblewski SC, Kavarana MN, Bradley SM, Alsoufi B, Mahle WT, Hassid M, Atz AM. Corticosteroid Therapy in Neonates Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 08 06; 74(5):659-668. PMID: 31370958.
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    14. Prospero CJ, Trachtenberg FL, Pemberton VL, Pasquali SK, Anderson BR, Ash KE, Bainton J, Dunbar-Masterson C, Graham EM, Hamstra MS, Hollenbeck-Pringle D, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, John R, Lambert LM, Oster ME, Swan E, Waldron A, Nathan M. Lessons learned in the use of clinical registry data in a multi-centre prospective study: the Pediatric Heart Network Residual Lesion Score Study. Cardiol Young. 2019 Jul; 29(7):930-938. PMID: 31204627.
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    15. Flores S, Loomba RS, Checchia PA, Graham EM, Bronicki RA. Thyroid Hormone (Triiodothyronine) Therapy in Children After Congenital Heart Surgery: A Meta-Analysis. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020; 32(1):87-95. PMID: 31128253.
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    16. Miller TA, Ghanayem NS, Newburger JW, McCrindle BW, Hu C, DeWitt AG, Cnota JF, Tractenberg FL, Pemberton VL, Wolf MJ, Votava-Smith JK, Fifer CG, Lambert LM, Shah A, Graham EM, Pizarro C, Jacobs JP, Miller SG, Minich LL. Gestational Age, Birth Weight, and Outcomes Six Years After the Norwood Procedure. Pediatrics. 2019 05; 143(5). PMID: 30979811.
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    17. Graham EM, Martin RH, Atz AM, Hamlin-Smith K, Kavarana MN, Bradley SM, Alsoufi B, Mahle WT, Everett AD. Association of intraoperative circulating-brain injury biomarker and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 1 year among neonates who have undergone cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 05; 157(5):1996-2002. PMID: 30797587.
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    18. Alten JA, Rahman AKMF, Zaccagni HJ, Shin A, Cooper DS, Blinder JJ, Retzloff L, Aban IB, Graham EM, Zampi J, Domnina Y, Gaies MG. The Epidemiology of Healthcare-associated Infections in Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Units. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 08; 37(8):768-772. PMID: 29280785.
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    19. Minich LL, Pemberton VL, Shekerdemian LS, Millar MM, Newburger JW, Glatz AC, Graham EM, Czosek RJ, Pasquali SK, Seed M, Border WL. The Pediatric Heart Network Scholar Award programme: a unique mentored award embedded within a multicentre network. Cardiol Young. 2018 Jun; 28(6):854-861. PMID: 29656718.
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    20. Torok RD, Li JS, Kannankeril PJ, Atz AM, Bishai R, Bolotin E, Breitenstein S, Chen C, Diacovo T, Feltes T, Furlong P, Hanna M, Graham EM, Hsu D, Ivy DD, Murphy D, Kammerman LA, Kearns G, Lawrence J, Lebeaut B, Li D, Male C, McCrindle B, Mugnier P, Newburger JW, Pearson GD, Peiris V, Percival L, Pina M, Portman R, Shaddy R, Stockbridge NL, Temple R, Hill KD. Recommendations to Enhance Pediatric Cardiovascular Drug Development: Report of a Multi-Stakeholder Think Tank. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 02 10; 7(4). PMID: 29440007.
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    21. Johnson JN, Barrett CS, Franklin WH, Graham EM, Halnon NJ, Hattendorf BA, Krawczeski CD, McGovern JJ, O'Connor MJ, Schultz AH, Vinocur JM, Chowdhury D, Anderson JB. Development of quality metrics for ambulatory pediatric cardiology: Infection prevention. Congenit Heart Dis. 2017 Dec; 12(6):756-761. PMID: 28741863.
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    22. Gray MA, Graham EM, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Kavarana MN, Chowdhury SM. Preoperative echocardiographic measures of left ventricular mechanics are associated with postoperative vasoactive support in preterm infants undergoing patent ductus arteriosus ligation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 12; 154(6):2054-2059.e1. PMID: 28743382.
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    23. Graham EM. Invited Commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 06; 103(6):1949. PMID: 28528030.
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    24. Buckley JR, Graham EM, Gaies M, Alten JA, Cooper DS, Costello JM, Domnina Y, Klugman D, Pasquali SK, Donohue JE, Zhang W, Scheurer MA. Clinical epidemiology and centre variation in chylothorax rates after cardiac surgery in children: a report from the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium. Cardiol Young. 2017 May 29; 1-8. PMID: 28552079.
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    25. Benneyworth BD, Mastropietro CW, Graham EM, Klugman D, Costello JM, Zhang W, Gaies M. Variation in extubation failure rates after neonatal congenital heart surgery across Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium hospitals. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 06; 153(6):1519-1526. PMID: 28259455.
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    26. Scahill CJ, Graham EM, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Kavarana MN, Zyblewski SC. Preoperative Feeding Neonates With Cardiac Disease. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 01; 8(1):62-68. PMID: 28033074.
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    27. Graham EM, Bradley SM. First nights, the adrenal axis, and steroids. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 05; 153(5):1164-1166. PMID: 28131511.
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    28. Nathan M, Jacobs ML, Gaynor JW, Newburger JW, Dunbar Masterson C, Lambert LM, Hollenbeck-Pringle D, Trachtenberg FL, White O, Anderson BR, Bell MC, Burch PT, Graham EM, Kaltman JR, Kanter KR, Mery CM, Pizarro C, Schamberger MS, Taylor MD, Jacobs JP, Pasquali SK. Completeness and Accuracy of Local Clinical Registry Data for Children Undergoing Heart Surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Feb; 103(2):629-636. PMID: 27726857.
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    29. Hornik CP, Graham EM, Hill K, Li JS, Ofori-Amanfo G, Clark RH, Smith PB. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in hospitalized infants. Early Hum Dev. 2016 10; 101:17-22. PMID: 27399280.
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    30. Graham EM. Infants with Trisomy 18 and Complex Congenital Heart Defects Should Not Undergo Open Heart Surgery. J Law Med Ethics. 2016 06; 44(2):286-91. PMID: 27338604.
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    31. Graham EM. The author replies. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 05; 17(5):476-7. PMID: 27144703.
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    32. Chowdhury SM, Graham EM, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Kavarana MN, Butts RJ. Validation of a Simple Score to Determine Risk of Hospital Mortality After the Norwood Procedure. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Summer; 28(2):425-433. PMID: 28043455.
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    33. Fogg KL, DellaValle DM, Buckley JR, Graham EM, Zyblewski SC. Feasibility and Efficacy of Defatted Human Milk in the Treatment for Chylothorax After Cardiac Surgery in Infants. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Aug; 37(6):1072-7. PMID: 27090650.
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    34. Buckley JR, Graham EM. Predicting Acute Kidney Injury After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: Are Steroids Muddying the Water? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Feb; 17(2):168-70. PMID: 26841028.
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    35. Johnson CT, Burd I, Raghunathan R, Northington FJ, Graham EM. Perinatal inflammation/infection and its association with correction of metabolic acidosis in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. J Perinatol. 2016 06; 36(6):448-52. PMID: 26796123.
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    36. Elhoff JJ, Chowdhury SM, Zyblewski SC, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Graham EM. Intraoperative Steroid Use and Outcomes Following the Norwood Procedure: An Analysis of the Pediatric Heart Network's Public Database. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 17(1):30-5. PMID: 26492058.
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    37. Alten JA, Rhodes LA, Tabbutt S, Cooper DS, Graham EM, Ghanayem N, Marino BS, Figueroa MI, Chanani NK, Jacobs JP, Donohue JE, Yu S, Gaies M. Perioperative feeding management of neonates with CHD: analysis of the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium (PC4) registry. Cardiol Young. 2015 Dec; 25(8):1593-601. PMID: 26675610.
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    38. da Cruz EM, Tabbutt S, Eisenhaur MC, Jacobs JP, Graham EM, Smith LC, Simsic J, Laussen PC. Confessions of PCICU Leaders: Tales From the Past, Lessons for the Future. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2015 Oct; 6(4):556-64. PMID: 26467870.
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    39. Graham EM. The Role of Prophylactic Postoperative Steroids in Pediatric Cardiac Operations. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Sep; 16(7):676-7. PMID: 26335117.
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    40. Zyblewski SC, Nietert PJ, Graham EM, Taylor SN, Atz AM, Wagner CL. Randomized Clinical Trial of Preoperative Feeding to Evaluate Intestinal Barrier Function in Neonates Requiring Cardiac Surgery. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):47-51.e1. PMID: 25962930.
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    41. Goldberg CS, Lu M, Sleeper LA, Mahle WT, Gaynor JW, Williams IA, Mussatto KA, Ohye RG, Graham EM, Frank DU, Jacobs JP, Krawczeski C, Lambert L, Lewis A, Pemberton VL, Sananes R, Sood E, Wechsler SB, Bellinger DC, Newburger JW. Factors associated with neurodevelopment for children with single ventricle lesions. J Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 165(3):490-496.e8. PMID: 24952712.
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    42. Graham EM. The utility of steroids in pediatric cardiac operations*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun; 15(5):492-3. PMID: 24892482.
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    43. Kavarana MN, Mukherjee R, Eckhouse SR, Rawls WF, Logdon C, Stroud RE, Patel RK, Nadeau EK, Spinale FG, Graham EM, Forbus GA, Bradley SM, Ikonomidis JS, Jones JA. Pulmonary artery endothelial cell phenotypic alterations in a large animal model of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after the Glenn shunt. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Oct; 96(4):1442-1449. PMID: 23968766.
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    44. Graham EM, Atz AM, McHugh KE, Butts RJ, Baker NL, Stroud RE, Reeves ST, Bradley SM, McGowan FX, Spinale FG. Preoperative steroid treatment does not improve markers of inflammation after cardiac surgery in neonates: results from a randomized trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Mar; 147(3):902-8. PMID: 23870160.
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    45. Butts RJ, Scheurer MA, Zyblewski SC, Wahlquist AE, Nietert PJ, Bradley SM, Atz AM, Graham EM. A composite outcome for neonatal cardiac surgery research. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jan; 147(1):428-33. PMID: 23587468.
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    46. Graham EM, Taylor SN, Zyblewski SC, Wolf B, Bradley SM, Hollis BW, McGowan FX, Atz AM. Vitamin D status in neonates undergoing cardiac operations: relationship to cardiopulmonary bypass and association with outcomes. J Pediatr. 2013 Apr; 162(4):823-6. PMID: 23149171.
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    47. Cnota JF, Allen KR, Colan S, Covitz W, Graham EM, Hehir DA, Levine JC, Margossian R, McCrindle BW, Minich LL, Natarajan S, Richmond ME, Hsu DT. Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis timing and outcomes in infants with single ventricle. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 May; 145(5):1288-96. PMID: 22939855.
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    48. Ohye RG, Schonbeck JV, Eghtesady P, Laussen PC, Pizarro C, Shrader P, Frank DU, Graham EM, Hill KD, Jacobs JP, Kanter KR, Kirsh JA, Lambert LM, Lewis AB, Ravishankar C, Tweddell JS, Williams IA, Pearson GD. Cause, timing, and location of death in the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 144(4):907-14. PMID: 22901498.
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    49. Tabbutt S, Ghanayem N, Ravishankar C, Sleeper LA, Cooper DS, Frank DU, Lu M, Pizarro C, Frommelt P, Goldberg CS, Graham EM, Krawczeski CD, Lai WW, Lewis A, Kirsh JA, Mahony L, Ohye RG, Simsic J, Lodge AJ, Spurrier E, Stylianou M, Laussen P. Risk factors for hospital morbidity and mortality after the Norwood procedure: A report from the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 144(4):882-95. PMID: 22704284.
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    50. Zyblewski SC, Argraves WS, Graham EM, Slate EH, Atz AM, Bradley SM, McQuinn TC, Wilkerson BA, Wing SB, Argraves KM. Reduction in postoperative high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in children undergoing the Fontan operation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Oct; 33(7):1154-9. PMID: 22411716.
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    51. Butts RJ, Scheurer MA, Atz AM, Zyblewski SC, Hulsey TC, Bradley SM, Graham EM. Comparison of maximum vasoactive inotropic score and low cardiac output syndrome as markers of early postoperative outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Apr; 33(4):633-8. PMID: 22349666.
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    52. Graham EM, Atz AM, Gillis J, Desantis SM, Haney AL, Deardorff RL, Uber WE, Reeves ST, McGowan FX, Bradley SM, Spinale FG. Differential effects of aprotinin and tranexamic acid on outcomes and cytokine profiles in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 May; 143(5):1069-76. PMID: 22075061.
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    53. Banka P, Sleeper LA, Atz AM, Cowley CG, Gallagher D, Gillespie MJ, Graham EM, Margossian R, McCrindle BW, Sang CJ, Williams IA, Newburger JW. Practice variability and outcomes of coil embolization of aortopulmonary collaterals before Fontan completion: a report from the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Cross-Sectional Study. Am Heart J. 2011 Jul; 162(1):125-30. PMID: 21742098.
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    54. Graham EM, Atz AM, Butts RJ, Baker NL, Zyblewski SC, Deardorff RL, DeSantis SM, Reeves ST, Bradley SM, Spinale FG. Standardized preoperative corticosteroid treatment in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery: results from a randomized trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Dec; 142(6):1523-9. PMID: 21600592.
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    55. Mital S, Chung WK, Colan SD, Sleeper LA, Manlhiot C, Arrington CB, Cnota JF, Graham EM, Mitchell ME, Goldmuntz E, Li JS, Levine JC, Lee TM, Margossian R, Hsu DT. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone genotype influences ventricular remodeling in infants with single ventricle. Circulation. 2011 May 31; 123(21):2353-62. PMID: 21576655.
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    56. Graham EM, Zyblewski SC, Phillips JW, Shirali GS, Bradley SM, Forbus GA, Bandisode VM, Atz AM. Comparison of Norwood shunt types: do the outcomes differ 6 years later? Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):31-5. PMID: 20609743.
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    57. McQuinn TC, Deardorff RL, Mukherjee R, Taylor AG, Graham EM, Atz AM, Forbus GA, DeSantis SM, Young JB, Stroud RE, Crawford FA, Bradley SM, Reeves ST, Spinale FG. Circulating matrix metalloproteinase levels after ventricular septal defect repair in infants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Dec; 140(6):1257-65. PMID: 20561637.
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    58. Zyblewski SC, Shirali GS, Forbus GA, Hsia TY, Bradley SM, Atz AM, Cohen MS, Graham EM. Initial experience with a miniaturized multiplane transesophageal probe in small infants undergoing cardiac operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jun; 89(6):1990-4. PMID: 20494062.
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    59. Graham EM, Bandisode VM, Bradley SM, Crawford FA, Simsic JM, Atz AM. Effect of preoperative use of propranolol on postoperative outcome in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Mar 01; 101(5):693-5. PMID: 18308023.
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    60. Graham EM, Scheurer MA, Saul JP, Bradley SM, Atz AM. QRS duration following the norwood procedure: Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007 Nov; 30(11):1336-8. PMID: 17976095.
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    61. Scheurer MA, Hill EG, Vasuki N, Maurer S, Graham EM, Bandisode V, Shirali GS, Atz AM, Bradley SM. Survival after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis: analysis of preoperative risk factors. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Jul; 134(1):82-9, 89.e1-2. PMID: 17599490.
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    62. Donohue PK, Graham EM. Earlier markers for cerebral palsy and clinical research in premature infants. J Perinatol. 2007 May; 27(5):259-61. PMID: 17453038.
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    63. Graham EM, Atz AM, Bradley SM, Scheurer MA, Bandisode VM, Laudito A, Shirali GS. Does a ventriculotomy have deleterious effects following palliation in the Norwood procedure using a shunt placed from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries? Cardiol Young. 2007 Apr; 17(2):145-50. PMID: 17244384.
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    64. Graham EM, Shakir H, Atz AM, Ringewald JM, Bradley SM. Neoaortic root modification for late thrombosis after Norwood palliation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Nov; 82(5):e29-30. PMID: 17062203.
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    65. Laudito A, Graham EM, Stroud MR, Bandisode V, Bhat AN, Crawford FA, Atz AM, Bradley SM. Complete repair of conotruncal defects with an interatrial communication: oxygenation, hemodynamic status, and early outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Oct; 82(4):1286-91; discussion 1291. PMID: 16996921.
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    66. Graham EM, Forbus GA, Bradley SM, Shirali GS, Atz AM. Incidence and outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with shunted single ventricle: advantage of right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 May; 131(5):e7-8. PMID: 16678569.
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    67. Graham EM, Bandisode VM, Atz AM, Kline CH, Taylor MH, Ikonomidis JS. Percutaneous occlusion of a pseudoaneurysm evolving after homograft aortic valve and root replacement with the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Apr; 131(4):914-6. PMID: 16580455.
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    68. Graham EM, Bradley SM, Atz AM. Preoperative management of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2005 May; 6(5):687-93. PMID: 15934895.
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    69. Meacock WR, Spalton DJ, Bender L, Antcliff R, Heatley C, Stanford MR, Graham EM. Steroid prophylaxis in eyes with uveitis undergoing phacoemulsification. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004 Sep; 88(9):1122-4. PMID: 15317700.
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    70. Graham EM, Bradley SM, Shirali GS, Hills CB, Atz AM. Effectiveness of cardiac surgery in trisomies 13 and 18 (from the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium). Am J Cardiol. 2004 Mar 15; 93(6):801-3. PMID: 15019900.
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    71. Graham EM, Holcroft CJ, Blakemore KJ. Evidence of intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia is not present in the majority of cases of neonatal seizures. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2002 Aug; 12(2):123-6. PMID: 12420843.
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    72. Graham EM, Kubin JA, Zubrow A, Mishra OP, Delivoria-Papadopoulos M. Effect of gestational age and hypoxia on activity of ribonucleic acid polymerase in fetal guinea pig brain. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Mar; 184(4):736-42. PMID: 11262481.
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    73. Greenwood AJ, Stanford MR, Graham EM. The role of azathioprine in the management of retinal vasculitis. Eye (Lond). 1998; 12 ( Pt 5):783-8. PMID: 10070509.
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    74. Graham EM, Forouzan I, Morgan MA. A retrospective analysis of Erb's palsy cases and their relation to birth weight and trauma at delivery. J Matern Fetal Med. 1997 Jan-Feb; 6(1):1-5. PMID: 9029377.
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    75. Palmer HE, Stanford MR, Sanders MD, Graham EM. Visual outcome of patients with idiopathic ischaemic and non-ischaemic retinal vasculitis. Eye (Lond). 1996; 10 ( Pt 3):343-8. PMID: 8796160.
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    76. Roghmann K, Pizzo P, Graham E, Graham D, Guyer B, Harris P. The pediatric internship as a teaching technique: a comparison of learning experiences in five hospitals. Pediatrics. 1975 Aug; 56(2):239-45. PMID: 1161372.
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