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Last Name
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Steven A. Kautz

TitleChair, Department of Health Sciences and Research
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentHealth Sciences and Research
AddressP.O. Box MSC 700
C320
77 President St.
Phone843-792-3867
Fax843-792-1358
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse keywords
    Military, Rehabilitation Studies, Healthy Volunteer Studies, Muscle, Physical Therapy, Spinal Cord, Stroke, Stroke Recovery

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Chhatbar PY, Kautz SA, Takacs I, Rowland NC, Revuelta GJ, George MS, Bikson M, Feng W. Evidence of transcranial direct current stimulation-generated electric fields at subthalamic level in human brain in vivo. Brain Stimul. 2018 Mar 13. PMID: 29576498.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Lodha N, Chen YT, McGuirk TE, Fox EJ, Kautz SA, Christou EA, Clark DJ. EMG synchrony to assess impaired corticomotor control of locomotion after stroke. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2017 Dec; 37:35-40. PMID: 28888972.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Chhatbar PY, George MS, Kautz SA, Feng W. Charge density, not current density, is a more comprehensive safety measure of transcranial direct current stimulation. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Nov; 66:414-415. PMID: 28804004.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Chhatbar PY, George MS, Kautz SA, Feng W. Quantitative reassessment of safety limits of tDCS for two animal studies. Brain Stimul. 2017 Sep - Oct; 10(5):1011-1012. PMID: 28764993.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Alawieh A, Tomlinson S, Adkins D, Kautz S, Feng W. Preclinical and Clinical Evidence on Ipsilateral Corticospinal Projections: Implication for Motor Recovery. Transl Stroke Res. 2017 Dec; 8(6):529-540. PMID: 28691140.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Spampinato MV, Chan C, Jensen JH, Helpern JA, Bonilha L, Kautz SA, Nietert PJ, Feng W. Diffusional Kurtosis Imaging and Motor Outcome in Acute Ischemic Stroke. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Jul; 38(7):1328-1334. PMID: 28473339.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Dean JC, Embry AE, Stimpson KH, Perry LA, Kautz SA. Effects of hip abduction and adduction accuracy on post-stroke gait. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2017 May; 44:14-20. PMID: 28285142.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Vistamehr A, Kautz SA, Bowden MG, Neptune RR. Corrigendum to "Correlations between measures of dynamic balance in individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis" [J. Biomech. 49 (2016) 396-400]. J Biomech. 2016 09 06; 49(13):3127. PMID: 27515439.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Oscari F, Finetto C, Kautz SA, Rosati G. Changes in muscle coordination patterns induced by exposure to a viscous force field. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2016 06 16; 13(1):58. PMID: 27305944; PMCID: PMC4910356.
    10. Vistamehr A, Kautz SA, Bowden MG, Neptune RR. Correlations between measures of dynamic balance in individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis. J Biomech. 2016 Feb 08; 49(3):396-400. PMID: 26795124; PMCID: PMC4761510 [Available on 02/08/17].
    11. Balasubramanian CK, Li CY, Bowden MG, Duncan PW, Kautz SA, Velozo CA. Dimensionality and Item-Difficulty Hierarchy of the Lower Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment in Individuals With Subacute and Chronic Stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Apr; 97(4):582-589.e2. PMID: 26740065.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Revuelta GJ, Embry A, Elm JJ, Gregory C, Delambo A, Kautz S, Hinson VK. Pilot study of atomoxetine in patients with Parkinson's disease and dopa-unresponsive Freezing of Gait. Transl Neurodegener. 2015; 4:24. PMID: 26693006; PMCID: PMC4676139.
    13. Feng W, Wang J, Chhatbar PY, Doughty C, Landsittel D, Lioutas VA, Kautz SA, Schlaug G. Corticospinal tract lesion load: An imaging biomarker for stroke motor outcomes. Ann Neurol. 2015 Dec; 78(6):860-70. PMID: 26289123; PMCID: PMC4715758 [Available on 12/01/16].
    14. Clark DJ, Neptune RR, Behrman AL, Kautz SA. Locomotor Adaptability Task Promotes Intense and Task-Appropriate Output From the Paretic Leg During Walking. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Mar; 97(3):493-6. PMID: 26525528.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Chhatbar PY, Ramakrishnan V, Kautz S, George MS, Adams RJ, Feng W. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Post-Stroke Upper Extremity Motor Recovery Studies Exhibit a Dose-Response Relationship. Brain Stimul. 2016 Jan-Feb; 9(1):16-26. PMID: 26433609; PMCID: PMC4724265 [Available on 01/01/17].
    16. Bethoux F, Rogers HL, Nolan KJ, Abrams GM, Annaswamy T, Brandstater M, Browne B, Burnfield JM, Feng W, Freed MJ, Geis C, Greenberg J, Gudesblatt M, Ikramuddin F, Jayaraman A, Kautz SA, Lutsep HL, Madhavan S, Meilahn J, Pease WS, Rao N, Seetharama S, Sethi P, Turk MA, Wallis RA, Kufta C. Long-Term Follow-up to a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Peroneal Nerve Functional Electrical Stimulation to an Ankle Foot Orthosis for Patients With Chronic Stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2015 Nov-Dec; 29(10):911-22. PMID: 25653225.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Dean JC, Kautz SA. Foot placement control and gait instability among people with stroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2015; 52(5):577-90. PMID: 26437301; PMCID: PMC4737555.
    18. Ovbiagele B, Kautz S, Feng W, Adkins DL. Poststroke outcomes. Stroke Res Treat. 2014; 2014:828435. PMID: 25379321; PMCID: PMC4212624.
    19. Boan AD, Feng WW, Ovbiagele B, Bachman DL, Ellis C, Adams RJ, Kautz SA, Lackland DT. Persistent racial disparity in stroke hospitalization and economic impact in young adults in the buckle of stroke belt. Stroke. 2014 Jul; 45(7):1932-8. PMID: 24947293.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Allen JL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Forward propulsion asymmetry is indicative of changes in plantarflexor coordination during walking in individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 Aug; 29(7):780-6. PMID: 24973825; PMCID: PMC4157942.
    21. Routson RL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Modular organization across changing task demands in healthy and poststroke gait. Physiol Rep. 2014 Jun 01; 2(6). PMID: 24963035; PMCID: PMC4208640.
    22. Vistamehr A, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. The influence of solid ankle-foot-orthoses on forward propulsion and dynamic balance in healthy adults during walking. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 May; 29(5):583-9. PMID: 24698166.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Bethoux F, Rogers HL, Nolan KJ, Abrams GM, Annaswamy TM, Brandstater M, Browne B, Burnfield JM, Feng W, Freed MJ, Geis C, Greenberg J, Gudesblatt M, Ikramuddin F, Jayaraman A, Kautz SA, Lutsep HL, Madhavan S, Meilahn J, Pease WS, Rao N, Seetharama S, Sethi P, Turk MA, Wallis RA, Kufta C. The effects of peroneal nerve functional electrical stimulation versus ankle-foot orthosis in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2014 Sep; 28(7):688-97. PMID: 24526708.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Allen JL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. The influence of merged muscle excitation modules on post-stroke hemiparetic walking performance. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2013 Jul; 28(6):697-704. PMID: 23830138; PMCID: PMC3732538.
    25. Nott CR, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Relationships between frontal-plane angular momentum and clinical balance measures during post-stroke hemiparetic walking. Gait Posture. 2014 Jan; 39(1):129-34. PMID: 23820449; PMCID: PMC3823741.
    26. Charalambous CC, Bonilha HS, Kautz SA, Gregory CM, Bowden MG. Rehabilitating walking speed poststroke with treadmill-based interventions: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013 Oct; 27(8):709-21. PMID: 23764885; PMCID: PMC4478607.
    27. Fox EJ, Tester NJ, Kautz SA, Howland DR, Clark DJ, Garvan C, Behrman AL. Modular control of varied locomotor tasks in children with incomplete spinal cord injuries. J Neurophysiol. 2013 Sep; 110(6):1415-25. PMID: 23761702.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Clark DJ, Kautz SA, Bauer AR, Chen YT, Christou EA. Synchronous EMG activity in the piper frequency band reveals the corticospinal demand of walking tasks. Ann Biomed Eng. 2013 Aug; 41(8):1778-86. PMID: 23740367; PMCID: PMC3725573.
    29. Routson RL, Clark DJ, Bowden MG, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. The influence of locomotor rehabilitation on module quality and post-stroke hemiparetic walking performance. Gait Posture. 2013 Jul; 38(3):511-7. PMID: 23489952.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Feng WW, Bowden MG, Kautz S. Review of transcranial direct current stimulation in poststroke recovery. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2013 Jan-Feb; 20(1):68-77. PMID: 23340073.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Bowden MG, Behrman AL, Neptune RR, Gregory CM, Kautz SA. Locomotor rehabilitation of individuals with chronic stroke: difference between responders and nonresponders. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 May; 94(5):856-62. PMID: 23220082.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Raja B, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Coordination of the non-paretic leg during hemiparetic gait: expected and novel compensatory patterns. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Dec; 27(10):1023-30. PMID: 22981679; PMCID: PMC3535278.
    33. Hall AL, Bowden MG, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Biomechanical variables related to walking performance 6-months following post-stroke rehabilitation. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Dec; 27(10):1017-22. PMID: 22917626; PMCID: PMC3501552.
    34. Bowden MG, Behrman AL, Woodbury M, Gregory CM, Velozo CA, Kautz SA. Advancing measurement of locomotor rehabilitation outcomes to optimize interventions and differentiate between recovery versus compensation. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2012 Mar; 36(1):38-44. PMID: 22333921.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Raja B, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Quantifiable patterns of limb loading and unloading during hemiparetic gait: Relation to kinetic and kinematic parameters. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012; 49(9):1293-304. PMID: 23408212; PMCID: PMC4910692.
    36. Day KV, Kautz SA, Wu SS, Suter SP, Behrman AL. Foot placement variability as a walking balance mechanism post-spinal cord injury. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2012 Feb; 27(2):145-50. PMID: 22000699.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kautz SA, Bowden MG, Clark DJ, Neptune RR. Comparison of motor control deficits during treadmill and overground walking poststroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011 Oct; 25(8):756-65. PMID: 21636831.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Peterson CL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Muscle work is increased in pre-swing during hemiparetic walking. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Oct; 26(8):859-66. PMID: 21605927.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Peterson CL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Braking and propulsive impulses increase with speed during accelerated and decelerated walking. Gait Posture. 2011 Apr; 33(4):562-7. PMID: 21356590.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Allen JL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Step length asymmetry is representative of compensatory mechanisms used in post-stroke hemiparetic walking. Gait Posture. 2011 Apr; 33(4):538-43. PMID: 21316240.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Hall AL, Peterson CL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Relationships between muscle contributions to walking subtasks and functional walking status in persons with post-stroke hemiparesis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Jun; 26(5):509-15. PMID: 21251738.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Peterson CL, Cheng J, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Leg extension is an important predictor of paretic leg propulsion in hemiparetic walking. Gait Posture. 2010 Oct; 32(4):451-6. PMID: 20656492.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Nott CR, Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. All joint moments significantly contribute to trunk angular acceleration. J Biomech. 2010 Sep 17; 43(13):2648-52. PMID: 20646711; PMCID: PMC2937077.
    44. Trinastic JP, Kautz SA, McGregor K, Gregory C, Bowden M, Benjamin MB, Kurtzman M, Chang YL, Conway T, Crosson B. An fMRI study of the differences in brain activity during active ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. Brain Imaging Behav. 2010 Jun; 4(2):121-31. PMID: 20502995.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Peterson CL, Hall AL, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Pre-swing deficits in forward propulsion, swing initiation and power generation by individual muscles during hemiparetic walking. J Biomech. 2010 Aug 26; 43(12):2348-55. PMID: 20466377; PMCID: PMC2922425.
    46. Van der Loos HF, Worthen-Chaudhari L, Schwandt D, Bevly DM, Kautz SA. A split-crank bicycle ergometer uses servomotors to provide programmable pedal forces for studies in human biomechanics. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2010 Aug; 18(4):445-52. PMID: 20378483.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Nair PM, Rooney KL, Kautz SA, Behrman AL. Stepping with an ankle foot orthosis re-examined: a mechanical perspective for clinical decision making. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010 Jul; 25(6):618-22. PMID: 20362373.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Balasubramanian CK, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Foot placement in a body reference frame during walking and its relationship to hemiparetic walking performance. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010 Jun; 25(5):483-90. PMID: 20193972; PMCID: PMC2881577.
    49. Beaman CB, Peterson CL, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Differences in self-selected and fastest-comfortable walking in post-stroke hemiparetic persons. Gait Posture. 2010 Mar; 31(3):311-6. PMID: 20006505; PMCID: PMC2826561.
    50. Clark DJ, Ting LH, Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Merging of healthy motor modules predicts reduced locomotor performance and muscle coordination complexity post-stroke. J Neurophysiol. 2010 Feb; 103(2):844-57. PMID: 20007501.
      View in: PubMed
    51. McGowan CP, Neptune RR, Clark DJ, Kautz SA. Modular control of human walking: Adaptations to altered mechanical demands. J Biomech. 2010 Feb 10; 43(3):412-9. PMID: 19879583.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Neptune RR, McGowan CP, Kautz SA. Forward dynamics simulations provide insight into muscle mechanical work during human locomotion. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2009 Oct; 37(4):203-10. PMID: 19955870; PMCID: PMC2789343.
    53. Bowden MG, Clark DJ, Kautz SA. Evaluation of abnormal synergy patterns poststroke: relationship of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment to hemiparetic locomotion. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2010 May; 24(4):328-37. PMID: 19794132.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Neptune RR, Zajac FE, Kautz SA. Author's Response to Comment on "Contributions of the individual ankle plantar flexors to support, forward progression and swing initiation during walking" (Neptune et al., 2001) and "Muscle mechanical work requirements during normal walking: The energetic cost of raising the body's center-of-mass is significant" (). J Biomech. 2009 Aug 07; 42(11):1786-1789. PMID: 20606765.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Patten C, Gonzalez-Rothi EJ, Little VL, Kautz SA. Invited Commentary. Phys Ther. 2009 Aug; 89(8):e7-8. PMID: 19648104.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Neptune RR, Clark DJ, Kautz SA. Modular control of human walking: a simulation study. J Biomech. 2009 Jun 19; 42(9):1282-7. PMID: 19394023; PMCID: PMC2696580.
    57. Sasaki K, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. The relationships between muscle, external, internal and joint mechanical work during normal walking. J Exp Biol. 2009 Mar; 212(Pt 5):738-44. PMID: 19218526; PMCID: PMC2726854.
    58. Balasubramanian CK, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Variability in spatiotemporal step characteristics and its relationship to walking performance post-stroke. Gait Posture. 2009 Apr; 29(3):408-14. PMID: 19056272; PMCID: PMC2675553.
    59. Bowden MG, Balasubramanian CK, Behrman AL, Kautz SA. Validation of a speed-based classification system using quantitative measures of walking performance poststroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2008 Nov-Dec; 22(6):672-5. PMID: 18971382; PMCID: PMC2587153.
    60. Woodbury ML, Howland DR, McGuirk TE, Davis SB, Senesac CR, Kautz S, Richards LG. Effects of trunk restraint combined with intensive task practice on poststroke upper extremity reach and function: a pilot study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2009 Jan; 23(1):78-91. PMID: 18812433.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Goldberg EJ, Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Can treadmill walking be used to assess propulsion generation? J Biomech. 2008; 41(8):1805-8. PMID: 18436229; PMCID: PMC2413053.
    62. Neptune RR, Sasaki K, Kautz SA. The effect of walking speed on muscle function and mechanical energetics. Gait Posture. 2008 Jul; 28(1):135-43. PMID: 18158246; PMCID: PMC2409271.
    63. Turns LJ, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Relationships between muscle activity and anteroposterior ground reaction forces in hemiparetic walking. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Sep; 88(9):1127-35. PMID: 17826457; PMCID: PMC2367107.
    64. Plummer P, Behrman AL, Duncan PW, Spigel P, Saracino D, Martin J, Fox E, Thigpen M, Kautz SA. Effects of stroke severity and training duration on locomotor recovery after stroke: a pilot study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2007 Mar-Apr; 21(2):137-51. PMID: 17312089.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Gregory CM, Bowden MG, Jayaraman A, Shah P, Behrman A, Kautz SA, Vandenborne K. Resistance training and locomotor recovery after incomplete spinal cord injury: a case series. Spinal Cord. 2007 Jul; 45(7):522-30. PMID: 17228358.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Balasubramanian CK, Bowden MG, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Relationship between step length asymmetry and walking performance in subjects with chronic hemiparesis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Jan; 88(1):43-9. PMID: 17207674.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Bowden MG, Balasubramanian CK, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Anterior-posterior ground reaction forces as a measure of paretic leg contribution in hemiparetic walking. Stroke. 2006 Mar; 37(3):872-6. PMID: 16456121.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Kautz SA, Patten C, Neptune RR. Does unilateral pedaling activate a rhythmic locomotor pattern in the nonpedaling leg in post-stroke hemiparesis? J Neurophysiol. 2006 May; 95(5):3154-63. PMID: 16452259.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Worthen LC, Kim CM, Kautz SA, Lew HL, Kiratli BJ, Beaupre GS. Key characteristics of walking correlate with bone density in individuals with chronic stroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2005 Nov-Dec; 42(6):761-8. PMID: 16680613.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Kautz SA, Duncan PW, Perera S, Neptune RR, Studenski SA. Coordination of hemiparetic locomotion after stroke rehabilitation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2005 Sep; 19(3):250-8. PMID: 16093416.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Higginson JS, Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Delp SL. Muscle contributions to support during gait in an individual with post-stroke hemiparesis. J Biomech. 2006; 39(10):1769-77. PMID: 16046223.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Higginson JS, Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Burgar CG, Delp SL. Effect of equinus foot placement and intrinsic muscle response on knee extension during stance. Gait Posture. 2006 Jan; 23(1):32-6. PMID: 16311192.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Kautz SA, Patten C. Interlimb influences on paretic leg function in poststroke hemiparesis. J Neurophysiol. 2005 May; 93(5):2460-73. PMID: 15590727.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Neptune RR, Zajac FE, Kautz SA. Muscle mechanical work requirements during normal walking: the energetic cost of raising the body's center-of-mass is significant. J Biomech. 2004 Jun; 37(6):817-25. PMID: 15111069.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Neptune RR, Zajac FE, Kautz SA. Muscle force redistributes segmental power for body progression during walking. Gait Posture. 2004 Apr; 19(2):194-205. PMID: 15013508.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Biomechanics and muscle coordination of human walking: part II: lessons from dynamical simulations and clinical implications. Gait Posture. 2003 Feb; 17(1):1-17. PMID: 12535721.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Biomechanics and muscle coordination of human walking. Part I: introduction to concepts, power transfer, dynamics and simulations. Gait Posture. 2002 Dec; 16(3):215-32. PMID: 12443946.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Pohl PS, Duncan P, Perera S, Long J, Liu W, Zhou J, Kautz SA. Rate of isometric knee extension strength development and walking speed after stroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002 Nov-Dec; 39(6):651-7. PMID: 17943667.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Kautz SA, Neptune RR. Biomechanical determinants of pedaling energetics: internal and external work are not independent. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2002 Oct; 30(4):159-65. PMID: 12398112.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Kautz SA, Brown DA, Van der Loos HF, Zajac FE. Mutability of bifunctional thigh muscle activity in pedaling due to contralateral leg force generation. J Neurophysiol. 2002 Sep; 88(3):1308-17. PMID: 12205152.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Zajac FE. Comments on "Propulsive adaptation to changing gait speed". J Biomech. 2001 Dec; 34(12):1667-70. PMID: 11716871.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Zajac FE. Contributions of the individual ankle plantar flexors to support, forward progression and swing initiation during walking. J Biomech. 2001 Nov; 34(11):1387-98. PMID: 11672713.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Chen G, Kautz SA, Zajac FE. Simulation analysis of muscle activity changes with altered body orientations during pedaling. J Biomech. 2001 Jun; 34(6):749-56. PMID: 11470112.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Muscle activation and deactivation dynamics: the governing properties in fast cyclical human movement performance? Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2001 Apr; 29(2):76-80. PMID: 11337827.
      View in: PubMed
    85. Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Knee joint loading in forward versus backward pedaling: implications for rehabilitation strategies. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2000 Aug; 15(7):528-35. PMID: 10831813.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Ting LH, Kautz SA, Brown DA, Zajac FE. Contralateral movement and extensor force generation alter flexion phase muscle coordination in pedaling. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Jun; 83(6):3351-65. PMID: 10848554.
      View in: PubMed
    87. Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Zajac FE. Muscle contributions to specific biomechanical functions do not change in forward versus backward pedaling. J Biomech. 2000 Feb; 33(2):155-64. PMID: 10653028.
      View in: PubMed
    88. Kautz SA, Neptune RR, Zajac FE. General coordination principles elucidated by forward dynamics: minimum fatique does not explain muscle excitation in dynamic tasks. Motor Control. 2000 Jan; 4(1):75-80; discussion 97-116. PMID: 10675813.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Brown DA, Kautz SA. Speed-dependent reductions of force output in people with poststroke hemiparesis. Phys Ther. 1999 Oct; 79(10):919-30. PMID: 10498969.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Ting LH, Kautz SA, Brown DA, Zajac FE. Phase reversal of biomechanical functions and muscle activity in backward pedaling. J Neurophysiol. 1999 Feb; 81(2):544-51. PMID: 10036258.
      View in: PubMed
    91. Ting LH, Kautz SA, Brown DA, Van der Loos HF, Zajac FE. Bilateral integration of sensorimotor signals during pedaling. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 Nov 16; 860:513-6. PMID: 9928350.
      View in: PubMed
    92. Ting LH, Raasch CC, Brown DA, Kautz SA, Zajac FE. Sensorimotor state of the contralateral leg affects ipsilateral muscle coordination of pedaling. J Neurophysiol. 1998 Sep; 80(3):1341-51. PMID: 9744943.
      View in: PubMed
    93. Kautz SA, Brown DA. Relationships between timing of muscle excitation and impaired motor performance during cyclical lower extremity movement in post-stroke hemiplegia. Brain. 1998 Mar; 121 ( Pt 3):515-26. PMID: 9549527.
      View in: PubMed
    94. Brown DA, Kautz SA. Increased workload enhances force output during pedaling exercise in persons with poststroke hemiplegia. Stroke. 1998 Mar; 29(3):598-606. PMID: 9506599.
      View in: PubMed
    95. Neptune RR, Kautz SA, Hull ML. The effect of pedaling rate on coordination in cycling. J Biomech. 1997 Oct; 30(10):1051-8. PMID: 9391872.
      View in: PubMed
    96. Brown DA, Kautz SA, Dairaghi CA. Muscle activity adapts to anti-gravity posture during pedalling in persons with post-stroke hemiplegia. Brain. 1997 May; 120 ( Pt 5):825-37. PMID: 9183253.
      View in: PubMed
    97. Brown DA, Kautz SA, Dairaghi CA. Muscle activity patterns altered during pedaling at different body orientations. J Biomech. 1996 Oct; 29(10):1349-56. PMID: 8884480.
      View in: PubMed
    98. Kautz SA, Hull ML. Dynamic optimization analysis for equipment setup problems in endurance cycling. J Biomech. 1995 Nov; 28(11):1391-401. PMID: 8522551.
      View in: PubMed
    99. Kautz SA, Hull ML, Neptune RR. A comparison of muscular mechanical energy expenditure and internal work in cycling. J Biomech. 1994 Dec; 27(12):1459-67. PMID: 7806553.
      View in: PubMed
    100. Kautz SA, Hull ML. A theoretical basis for interpreting the force applied to the pedal in cycling. J Biomech. 1993 Feb; 26(2):155-65. PMID: 8429058.
      View in: PubMed
    101. Coyle EF, Feltner ME, Kautz SA, Hamilton MT, Montain SJ, Baylor AM, Abraham LD, Petrek GW. Physiological and biomechanical factors associated with elite endurance cycling performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991 Jan; 23(1):93-107. PMID: 1997818.
      View in: PubMed
    102. Hull ML, Kautz S, Beard A. An angular velocity profile in cycling derived from mechanical energy analysis. J Biomech. 1991; 24(7):577-86. PMID: 1880141.
      View in: PubMed
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