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Richard M. Silver

Title
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentRheumatology
AddressP.O. Box MSC 637
822
96 Jonathan Lucas St.
Phone843-792-3484
Fax843-792-7121
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    Collapse Overview 
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    Drug Studies, Pulmonary, Shortness of Breath, Autoimmune disease, Scleroderma, Skin, Lung

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Elmore S, Wisse A, Chapin RW, Whelan TP, Silver RM. Voriconazole-associated periostitis presenting as hypertrophic osteoarthropathy following lung transplantation report of two cases and review of the literature. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2019 Apr 25. PMID: 31103239.
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    2. Khanna D, Serrano J, Berrocal VJ, Silver RM, Cuencas P, Newbill SL, Battyany J, Maxwell C, Alore M, Dyas L, Riggs R, Connolly K, Kellner S, Fisher JJ, Bush E, Sachdeva A, Evnin L, Raisch DW, Poole JL. Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate an Internet-Based Self-Management Program in Systemic Sclerosis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2019 Mar; 71(3):435-447. PMID: 29741230.
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    3. Fischer A, Strek ME, Cottin V, Dellaripa PF, Bernstein EJ, Brown KK, Danoff SK, Distler O, Hirani N, Jones KD, Khanna D, Lee JS, Lynch DA, Maher TM, Millar AB, Raghu G, Silver RM, Steen VD, Volkmann ER, Mullan RH, O'Dwyer DN, Donnelly SC. Proceedings of the American College of Rheumatology/Association of Physicians of Great Britain and Ireland Connective Tissue Disease-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease Summit: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Address Challenges and Opportunities. QJM. 2019 02 01; 112(2):81-93. PMID: 30605544.
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    4. Fischer A, Strek ME, Cottin V, Dellaripa PF, Bernstein EJ, Brown KK, Danoff SK, Distler O, Hirani N, Jones KD, Khanna D, Lee JS, Lynch DA, Maher TM, Millar AB, Raghu G, Silver RM, Steen VD, Volkmann ER, Mullan RH, O'Dwyer DN, Donnelly SC. Proceedings of the American College of Rheumatology/Association of Physicians of Great Britain and Ireland Connective Tissue Disease-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease Summit: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Address Challenges and Opportunities. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Feb; 71(2):182-195. PMID: 30604506.
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    5. Wyrick J, Wang X, Namboodiri P, Schmucker SW, Kashid RV, Silver RM. Atom-by-Atom Construction of a Cyclic Artificial Molecule in Silicon. Nano Lett. 2018 12 12; 18(12):7502-7508. PMID: 30428677.
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    6. Hsu VM, Chung L, Hummers LK, Shah A, Simms R, Bolster M, Hant FN, Silver RM, Fischer A, Hinchcliff ME, Varga J, Goldberg AZ, Derk CT, Schiopu E, Khanna D, Shapiro LS, Domsic RT, Medsger T, Mayes MD, Furst D, Csuka ME, Molitor JA, Saketkoo LA, Salazar CR, Steen VD. Risk Factors for Mortality and Cardiopulmonary Hospitalization in Systemic Sclerosis Patients At Risk for Pulmonary Hypertension, in the PHAROS Registry. J Rheumatol. 2019 Feb; 46(2):176-183. PMID: 30275260.
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    7. Gourh P, Remmers EF, Boyden SE, Alexander T, Morgan ND, Shah AA, Mayes MD, Doumatey A, Bentley AR, Shriner D, Domsic RT, Medsger TA, Steen VD, Ramos PS, Silver RM, Korman B, Varga J, Schiopu E, Khanna D, Hsu V, Gordon JK, Saketkoo LA, Gladue H, Kron B, Criswell LA, Derk CT, Bridges SL, Shanmugam VK, Kolstad KD, Chung L, Jan R, Bernstein EJ, Goldberg A, Trojanowski M, Kafaja S, Maksimowicz-McKinnon KM, Mullikin JC, Adeyemo A, Rotimi C, Boin F, Kastner DL, Wigley FM. Brief Report: Whole-Exome Sequencing to Identify Rare Variants and Gene Networks That Increase Susceptibility to Scleroderma in African Americans. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018 Oct; 70(10):1654-1660. PMID: 29732714.
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    8. Wang X, Hagmann JA, Namboodiri P, Wyrick J, Li K, Murray RE, Myers A, Misenkosen F, Stewart MD, Richter CA, Silver RM. Quantifying atom-scale dopant movement and electrical activation in Si:P monolayers. Nanoscale. 2018 Mar 01; 10(9):4488-4499. PMID: 29459919.
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    9. Ramanayaka AN, Kim HS, Tang K, Wang X, Silver RM, Stewart MD, Pomeroy JM. STM patterned nanowire measurements using photolithographically defined implants in Si(100). Sci Rep. 2018 01 29; 8(1):1790. PMID: 29379057.
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    10. Sullivan KM, Goldmuntz EA, Keyes-Elstein L, McSweeney PA, Pinckney A, Welch B, Mayes MD, Nash RA, Crofford LJ, Eggleston B, Castina S, Griffith LM, Goldstein JS, Wallace D, Craciunescu O, Khanna D, Folz RJ, Goldin J, St Clair EW, Seibold JR, Phillips K, Mineishi S, Simms RW, Ballen K, Wener MH, Georges GE, Heimfeld S, Hosing C, Forman S, Kafaja S, Silver RM, Griffing L, Storek J, LeClercq S, Brasington R, Csuka ME, Bredeson C, Keever-Taylor C, Domsic RT, Kahaleh MB, Medsger T, Furst DE. Myeloablative Autologous Stem-Cell Transplantation for Severe Scleroderma. N Engl J Med. 2018 01 04; 378(1):35-47. PMID: 29298160.
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    11. Gorlova OY, Li Y, Gorlov I, Ying J, Chen WV, Assassi S, Reveille JD, Arnett FC, Zhou X, Bossini-Castillo L, Lopez-Isac E, Acosta-Herrera M, Gregersen PK, Lee AT, Steen VD, Fessler BJ, Khanna D, Schiopu E, Silver RM, Molitor JA, Furst DE, Kafaja S, Simms RW, Lafyatis RA, Carreira P, Simeon CP, Castellvi I, Beltran E, Ortego N, Amos CI, Martin J, Mayes MD. Gene-level association analysis of systemic sclerosis: A comparison of African-Americans and White populations. PLoS One. 2018; 13(1):e0189498. PMID: 29293537.
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    12. Sohn MY, Barnes BM, Silver RM. Design of angle-resolved illumination optics using nonimaging bi-telecentricity for 193 nm scatterfield microscopy. Optik (Stuttg). 2018 Mar; 156:635-645. PMID: 29503467.
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    13. Morgan ND, Shah AA, Mayes MD, Domsic RT, Medsger TA, Steen VD, Varga J, Carns M, Ramos PS, Silver RM, Schiopu E, Khanna D, Hsu V, Gordon JK, Gladue H, Saketkoo LA, Criswell LA, Derk CT, Trojanowski MA, Shanmugam VK, Chung L, Valenzuela A, Jan R, Goldberg A, Remmers EF, Kastner DL, Wigley FM, Gourh P, Boin F. Clinical and serological features of systemic sclerosis in a multicenter African American cohort: Analysis of the genome research in African American scleroderma patients clinical database. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec; 96(51):e8980. PMID: 29390428.
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    14. Akter T, Atanelishvili I, Noguchi A, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. Establishment of an indirect ELISA for detection of the novel antifibrotic peptide M10. PLoS One. 2017; 12(11):e0188588. PMID: 29176766.
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    15. Radin RG, Mumford SL, Sjaarda LA, Silver RM, Wactawski-Wende J, Lynch AM, Perkins NJ, Lesher LL, Wilcox BD, Hinkle SN, Plowden TC, Kim K, Schisterman EF. Recent attempted and actual weight change in relation to pregnancy loss: a prospective cohort study. BJOG. 2018 May; 125(6):676-684. PMID: 29067752.
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    16. Johnson SR, Soowamber ML, Fransen J, Khanna D, Van Den Hoogen F, Baron M, Matucci-Cerinic M, Denton CP, Medsger TA, Carreira PE, Riemekasten G, Distler J, Gabrielli A, Steen V, Chung L, Silver R, Varga J, Müller-Ladner U, Vonk MC, Walker UA, Wollheim FA, Herrick A, Furst DE, Czirjak L, Kowal-Bielecka O, Del Galdo F, Cutolo M, Hunzelmann N, Murray CD, Foeldvari I, Mouthon L, Damjanov N, Kahaleh B, Frech T, Assassi S, Saketkoo LA, Pope JE. There is a need for new systemic sclerosis subset criteria. A content analytic approach. Scand J Rheumatol. 2018 Jan; 47(1):62-70. PMID: 28990485.
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    17. Silver RM. Systemic sclerosis: Choosing patients wisely when treating interstitial lung disease. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2017 Aug; 13(8):455-456. PMID: 28680133.
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    18. Argula RG, Karwa A, Lauer A, Gregg D, Silver RM, Feghali-Bostwick C, Schanpp LM, Egbert K, Usher BW, Ramakrishnan V, Hassoun PM, Strange C. Differences in Right Ventricular Functional Changes during Treatment between Systemic Sclerosis-associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 May; 14(5):682-689. PMID: 28282243.
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    19. Ghatak S, Hascall VC, Markwald RR, Feghali-Bostwick C, Artlett CM, Gooz M, Bogatkevich GS, Atanelishvili I, Silver RM, Wood J, Thannickal VJ, Misra S. Transforming growth factor ß1 (TGFß1)-induced CD44V6-NOX4 signaling in pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. J Biol Chem. 2017 06 23; 292(25):10490-10519. PMID: 28389561.
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    20. Lee R, Reese C, Carmen-Lopez G, Perry B, Bonner M, Zemskova M, Wilson CL, Helke KL, Silver RM, Hoffman S, Tourkina E. Deficient Adipogenesis of Scleroderma Patient and Healthy African American Monocytes. Front Pharmacol. 2017; 8:174. PMID: 28420992.
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    21. Chung L, Fairchild RM, Furst DE, Li S, Alkassab F, Bolster MB, Csuka ME, Derk CT, Domsic RT, Fischer A, Frech TM, Gomberg-Maitland M, Gordon JK, Hinchcliff M, Hsu V, Hummers LK, Khanna D, Medsger TAJ, Molitor JA, Preston IR, Schiopu E, Shapiro L, Hant F, Silver R, Simms R, Varga J, Steen VD, Zamanian RT. Utility of B-type natriuretic peptides in the assessment of patients with systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary hypertension in the PHAROS registry. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2017 Sep-Oct; 35 Suppl 106(4):106-113. PMID: 27908301.
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    22. Kowal-Bielecka O, Fransen J, Avouac J, Becker M, Kulak A, Allanore Y, Distler O, Clements P, Cutolo M, Czirjak L, Damjanov N, Del Galdo F, Denton CP, Distler JHW, Foeldvari I, Figelstone K, Frerix M, Furst DE, Guiducci S, Hunzelmann N, Khanna D, Matucci-Cerinic M, Herrick AL, van den Hoogen F, van Laar JM, Riemekasten G, Silver R, Smith V, Sulli A, Tarner I, Tyndall A, Welling J, Wigley F, Valentini G, Walker UA, Zulian F, Müller-Ladner U. Update of EULAR recommendations for the treatment of systemic sclerosis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2017 Aug; 76(8):1327-1339. PMID: 27941129.
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    23. Henn MA, Barnes BM, Zhou H, Sohn M, Silver RM. Optimizing the nanoscale quantitative optical imaging of subfield scattering targets. Opt Lett. 2016 Nov 01; 41(21):4959-4962. PMID: 27805660.
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    24. Atanelishvili I, Shirai Y, Akter T, Noguchi A, Ash KT, Misra S, Ghatak S, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. D1398G Variant of MET Is Associated with Impaired Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor in Alveolar Epithelial Cells and Lung Fibroblasts. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0162357. PMID: 27584154.
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    25. Tashkin DP, Roth MD, Clements PJ, Furst DE, Khanna D, Kleerup EC, Goldin J, Arriola E, Volkmann ER, Kafaja S, Silver R, Steen V, Strange C, Wise R, Wigley F, Mayes M, Riley DJ, Hussain S, Assassi S, Hsu VM, Patel B, Phillips K, Martinez F, Golden J, Connolly MK, Varga J, Dematte J, Hinchcliff ME, Fischer A, Swigris J, Meehan R, Theodore A, Simms R, Volkov S, Schraufnagel DE, Scholand MB, Frech T, Molitor JA, Highland K, Read CA, Fritzler MJ, Kim GHJ, Tseng CH, Elashoff RM. Mycophenolate mofetil versus oral cyclophosphamide in scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease (SLS II): a randomised controlled, double-blind, parallel group trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2016 09; 4(9):708-719. PMID: 27469583.
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    26. Deng X, Namboodiri P, Li K, Wang X, Stan G, Myers AF, Cheng X, Li T, Silver RM. Silicon epitaxy on H-terminated Si (100) surfaces at 250 °C. Appl Surf Sci. 2016 Aug 15; 378:301-307. PMID: 27397949.
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    27. Barnes BM, Henn MA, Sohn MY, Zhou H, Silver RM. Enabling Quantitative Optical Imaging for In-die-capable Critical Dimension Targets. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng. 2016; 9778. PMID: 28757674.
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    28. Qin J, Silver RM, Barnes BM, Zhou H, Dixson RG, Henn MA. Deep-subwavelength Nanometric Image Reconstruction using Fourier Domain Optical Normalization. Light Sci Appl. 2016; 5. PMID: 26925297.
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    29. Toci AL, Hyer JM, Silver RM, Nietert PJ, Hant FN. Systemic Sclerosis and Perceptions of Quality in Primary Care. Am J Med Sci. 2016 05; 351(5):447-51. PMID: 27140701.
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    30. Wu M, Assassi S, Salazar GA, Pedroza C, Gorlova OY, Chen WV, Charles J, Taing ML, Liao K, Wigley FM, Hummers LK, Shah AA, Hinchcliff M, Khanna D, Schiopu E, Phillips K, Furst DE, Steen V, Baron M, Hudson M, Zhou X, Pope J, Jones N, Docherty P, Khalidi NA, Robinson D, Simms RW, Silver RM, Frech TM, Fessler BJ, Fritzler MJ, Molitor JA, Segal BM, Movahedian M, Martín J, Varga J, Mayes MD. Genetic susceptibility loci of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia do not represent risk for systemic sclerosis: a case control study in Caucasian patients. Arthritis Res Ther. 2016 Jan 20; 18:20. PMID: 26792595.
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    31. Atanelishvili I, Shirai Y, Akter T, Buckner T, Noguchi A, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. M10, a caspase cleavage product of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor, interacts with Smad2 and demonstrates antifibrotic properties in vitro and in vivo. Transl Res. 2016 Apr; 170:99-111. PMID: 26772959.
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    32. Belfort MA, Shamshirsaz AA, Whitehead WE, Ball R, Silver R, Ruano R, Espinoza J, Mann DG, McCullough L, Chervenak F. Unusual pleuroamniotic shunt complication managed using a two-port in-CO2 fetoscopic technique: technical and ethical considerations. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jan; 47(1):123-4. PMID: 26183219.
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    33. Ramos PS, Silver RM, Feghali-Bostwick CA. Genetics of systemic sclerosis: recent advances. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2015 Nov; 27(6):521-9. PMID: 26317679.
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    34. Henn MA, Silver RM, Villarrubia JS, Zhang NF, Zhou H, Barnes BM, Ming B, Vladár AE. Optimizing Hybrid Metrology: Rigorous Implementation of Bayesian and Combined Regression. J Micro Nanolithogr MEMS MOEMS. 2015 Oct-Dec; 14(4):0440011-440018. PMID: 26681991.
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    35. Ballard JB, Dick DD, McDonnell SJ, Bischof M, Fu J, Owen JH, Owen WR, Alexander JD, Jaeger DL, Namboodiri P, Fuchs E, Chabal YJ, Wallace RM, Reidy R, Silver RM, Randall JN, Von Ehr J. Atomically Traceable Nanostructure Fabrication. J Vis Exp. 2015 Jul 17; (101):e52900. PMID: 26274555.
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    36. Lee R, Reese C, Perry B, Heywood J, Bonner M, Zemskova M, Silver RM, Hoffman S, Tourkina E. Enhanced chemokine-receptor expression, function, and signaling in healthy African American and scleroderma-patient monocytes are regulated by caveolin-1. Fibrogenesis Tissue Repair. 2015; 8:11. PMID: 26322128.
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    37. Silver KC, Silver RM. Management of Systemic-Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2015 Aug; 41(3):439-57. PMID: 26210128.
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    38. Nietert PJ, Shaftman SR, Silver RM, Wolf BJ, Egan BM, Hunt KJ, Smith EA. Raynaud phenomenon and mortality: 20+ years of follow-up of the Charleston Heart Study cohort. Clin Epidemiol. 2015; 7:161-8. PMID: 25678814.
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    39. Salazar GA, Assassi S, Wigley F, Hummers L, Varga J, Hinchcliff M, Khanna D, Schiopu E, Phillips K, Furst DE, Steen V, Baron M, Hudson M, Taillefer SS, Pope J, Jones N, Docherty P, Khalidi NA, Robinson D, Simms RW, Silver RM, Frech TM, Fessler BJ, Molitor JA, Fritzler MJ, Segal BM, Al-Kassab F, Perry M, Yang J, Zamanian S, Reveille JD, Arnett FC, Pedroza C, Mayes MD. Antinuclear antibody-negative systemic sclerosis. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2015 Jun; 44(6):680-6. PMID: 25578738.
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    40. Fan MH, Feghali-Bostwick CA, Silver RM. Update on scleroderma-associated interstitial lung disease. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2014 Nov; 26(6):630-6. PMID: 25191993.
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    41. Goldberg RP, Gafni-Kane A, Jirschele K, Silver R, Maurer D, Solomonides T, Simmons A, Silverstein J. An automatic female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery registry and complications manager developed in an electronic medical record. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2014 Nov-Dec; 20(6):302-4. PMID: 25185625.
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    42. Reese C, Perry B, Heywood J, Bonner M, Visconti RP, Lee R, Hatfield CM, Silver RM, Hoffman S, Tourkina E. Caveolin-1 deficiency may predispose African Americans to systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Jul; 66(7):1909-19. PMID: 24578173.
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    43. Reese C, Lee R, Bonner M, Perry B, Heywood J, Silver RM, Tourkina E, Visconti RP, Hoffman S. Fibrocytes in the fibrotic lung: altered phenotype detected by flow cytometry. Front Pharmacol. 2014; 5:141. PMID: 24999331.
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    44. Lee R, Perry B, Heywood J, Reese C, Bonner M, Hatfield CM, Silver RM, Visconti RP, Hoffman S, Tourkina E. Caveolin-1 regulates chemokine receptor 5-mediated contribution of bone marrow-derived cells to dermal fibrosis. Front Pharmacol. 2014; 5:140. PMID: 24966836.
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    45. Atanelishvili I, Liang J, Akter T, Spyropoulos DD, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. Thrombin increases lung fibroblast survival while promoting alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis via the endoplasmic reticulum stress marker, CCAAT enhancer-binding homologous protein. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2014 May; 50(5):893-902. PMID: 24279877.
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    46. Johnson SR, Naden RP, Fransen J, van den Hoogen F, Pope JE, Baron M, Tyndall A, Matucci-Cerinic M, Denton CP, Distler O, Gabrielli A, van Laar JM, Mayes M, Steen V, Seibold JR, Clements P, Medsger TA, Carreira PE, Riemekasten G, Chung L, Fessler BJ, Merkel PA, Silver R, Varga J, Allanore Y, Mueller-Ladner U, Vonk MC, Walker UA, Cappelli S, Khanna D. Multicriteria decision analysis methods with 1000Minds for developing systemic sclerosis classification criteria. J Clin Epidemiol. 2014 Jun; 67(6):706-14. PMID: 24721558.
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    47. Akter T, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. Recent advances in understanding the pathogenesis of scleroderma-interstitial lung disease. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2014 Apr; 16(4):411. PMID: 24523015.
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    48. Silver RM, Feghali-Bostwick CA. Editorial: molecular insights into systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Mar; 66(3):485-7. PMID: 24574206.
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    49. McCall RK, Ravenel JG, Nietert PJ, Granath A, Silver RM. Relationship of main pulmonary artery diameter to pulmonary arterial pressure in scleroderma patients with and without interstitial fibrosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2014 Mar-Apr; 38(2):163-8. PMID: 24448503.
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    50. Chung L, Domsic RT, Lingala B, Alkassab F, Bolster M, Csuka ME, Derk C, Fischer A, Frech T, Furst DE, Gomberg-Maitland M, Hinchcliff M, Hsu V, Hummers LK, Khanna D, Medsger TA, Molitor JA, Preston IR, Schiopu E, Shapiro L, Silver R, Simms R, Varga J, Gordon JK, Steen VD. Survival and predictors of mortality in systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension: outcomes from the pulmonary hypertension assessment and recognition of outcomes in scleroderma registry. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2014 Mar; 66(3):489-95. PMID: 23983198.
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    51. Lee R, Reese C, Bonner M, Tourkina E, Hajdu Z, Riemer EC, Silver RM, Visconti RP, Hoffman S. Bleomycin delivery by osmotic minipump: similarity to human scleroderma interstitial lung disease. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Apr 15; 306(8):L736-48. PMID: 24583879.
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    52. Bogatkevich GS, Nietert PJ, Silver RM, Highland KB. Rationale for anticoagulant therapy of pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Feb 01; 189(3):362-3. PMID: 24484337.
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    53. Mayes MD, Bossini-Castillo L, Gorlova O, Martin JE, Zhou X, Chen WV, Assassi S, Ying J, Tan FK, Arnett FC, Reveille JD, Guerra S, Teruel M, Carmona FD, Gregersen PK, Lee AT, López-Isac E, Ochoa E, Carreira P, Simeón CP, Castellví I, González-Gay MÁ. Immunochip analysis identifies multiple susceptibility loci for systemic sclerosis. Am J Hum Genet. 2014 Jan 02; 94(1):47-61. PMID: 24387989.
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    54. Ghatak S, Bogatkevich GS, Atnelishvili I, Akter T, Feghali-Bostwick C, Hoffman S, Fresco VM, Fuchs JC, Visconti RP, Markwald RR, Padhye SB, Silver RM, Hascall VC, Misra S. Overexpression of c-Met and CD44v6 receptors contributes to autocrine TGF-ß1 signaling in interstitial lung disease. J Biol Chem. 2014 Mar 14; 289(11):7856-72. PMID: 24324260.
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    55. Khanna D, Tan M, Furst DE, Hill NS, McLaughlin VV, Silver RM, Steen VD, Langer A, Seibold JR. Recognition of pulmonary hypertension in the rheumatology community: lessons from a Quality Enhancement Research Initiative. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2014 Nov-Dec; 32(6 Suppl 86):S-21-7. PMID: 24295227.
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    56. Parks JL, Taylor MH, Parks LP, Silver RM. Systemic sclerosis and the heart. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2014 Feb; 40(1):87-102. PMID: 24268011.
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    57. Barnes BM, Sohn MY, Goasmat F, Zhou H, Vladár AE, Silver RM, Arceo A. Three-dimensional deep sub-wavelength defect detection using ? = 193 nm optical microscopy. Opt Express. 2013 Nov 04; 21(22):26219-26. PMID: 24216846.
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    58. van den Hoogen F, Khanna D, Fransen J, Johnson SR, Baron M, Tyndall A, Matucci-Cerinic M, Naden RP, Medsger TA, Carreira PE, Riemekasten G, Clements PJ, Denton CP, Distler O, Allanore Y, Furst DE, Gabrielli A, Mayes MD, van Laar JM, Seibold JR, Czirjak L, Steen VD, Inanc M, Kowal-Bielecka O, Müller-Ladner U, Valentini G, Veale DJ, Vonk MC, Walker UA, Chung L, Collier DH, Ellen Csuka M, Fessler BJ, Guiducci S, Herrick A, Hsu VM, Jimenez S, Kahaleh B, Merkel PA, Sierakowski S, Silver RM, Simms RW, Varga J, Pope JE. 2013 classification criteria for systemic sclerosis: an American college of rheumatology/European league against rheumatism collaborative initiative. Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Nov; 72(11):1747-55. PMID: 24092682.
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    59. Yuen HK, Hant FN, Hatfield C, Summerlin LM, Smith EA, Silver RM. Factors associated with oral hygiene practices among adults with systemic sclerosis. Int J Dent Hyg. 2014 Aug; 12(3):180-6. PMID: 24128049.
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    60. van den Hoogen F, Khanna D, Fransen J, Johnson SR, Baron M, Tyndall A, Matucci-Cerinic M, Naden RP, Medsger TA, Carreira PE, Riemekasten G, Clements PJ, Denton CP, Distler O, Allanore Y, Furst DE, Gabrielli A, Mayes MD, van Laar JM, Seibold JR, Czirjak L, Steen VD, Inanc M, Kowal-Bielecka O, Müller-Ladner U, Valentini G, Veale DJ, Vonk MC, Walker UA, Chung L, Collier DH, Csuka ME, Fessler BJ, Guiducci S, Herrick A, Hsu VM, Jimenez S, Kahaleh B, Merkel PA, Sierakowski S, Silver RM, Simms RW, Varga J, Pope JE. 2013 classification criteria for systemic sclerosis: an American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism collaborative initiative. Arthritis Rheum. 2013 Nov; 65(11):2737-47. PMID: 24122180.
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    61. Qin J, Silver RM, Barnes BM, Zhou H, Goasmat F. Fourier domain optical tool normalization for quantitative parametric image reconstruction. Appl Opt. 2013 Sep 10; 52(26):6512-22. PMID: 24085127.
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    62. Reese C, Dyer S, Perry B, Bonner M, Oates J, Hofbauer A, Sessa W, Bernatchez P, Visconti RP, Zhang J, Hatfield CM, Silver RM, Hoffman S, Tourkina E. Differential regulation of cell functions by CSD peptide subdomains. Respir Res. 2013 Sep 08; 14:90. PMID: 24011378.
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    63. Yuen HK, Weng Y, Reed SG, Summerlin LM, Silver RM. Factors associated with gingival inflammation among adults with systemic sclerosis. Int J Dent Hyg. 2014 Feb; 12(1):55-61. PMID: 23611650.
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    64. Ghatnekar A, Chrobak I, Reese C, Stawski L, Seta F, Wirrig E, Paez-Cortez J, Markiewicz M, Asano Y, Harley R, Silver R, Feghali-Bostwick C, Trojanowska M. Endothelial GATA-6 deficiency promotes pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Pathol. 2013 Jun; 182(6):2391-406. PMID: 23583651.
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    65. Vandorsten JP, Dodson WC, Espeland MA, Grobman WA, Guise JM, Mercer BM, Minkoff HL, Poindexter B, Prosser LA, Sawaya GF, Scott JR, Silver RM, Smith L, Thomas A, Tita AT. NIH consensus development conference: diagnosing gestational diabetes mellitus. NIH Consens State Sci Statements. 2013 Mar 06; 29(1):1-31. PMID: 23748438.
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    66. Ardoin SP, Schanberg LE, Sandborg CI, Barnhart HX, Evans GW, Yow E, Mieszkalski KL, Ilowite NT, Eberhard A, Imundo LF, Kimura Y, Levy D, von Scheven E, Silverman E, Bowyer SL, Punaro L, Singer NG, Sherry DD, McCurdy DK, Klein-Gitelman M, Wallace C, Silver RM, Wagner-Weiner L, Higgins GC, Brunner HI, Jung L, Soep JB, Reed AM, Thompson SD. Secondary analysis of APPLE study suggests atorvastatin may reduce atherosclerosis progression in pubertal lupus patients with higher C reactive protein. Ann Rheum Dis. 2014 Mar; 73(3):557-66. PMID: 23436914.
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    67. Wang D, Zhang H, Liang J, Li X, Feng X, Wang H, Hua B, Liu B, Lu L, Gilkeson GS, Silver RM, Chen W, Shi S, Sun L. Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in severe and refractory systemic lupus erythematosus: 4 years of experience. Cell Transplant. 2013; 22(12):2267-77. PMID: 24388428.
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    68. Silver RM, Bogatkevich G, Tourkina E, Nietert PJ, Hoffman S. Racial differences between blacks and whites with systemic sclerosis. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2012 Nov; 24(6):642-8. PMID: 22955018.
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    69. Brown RT, Shaftman SR, Tilley BC, Anthony KK, Kral MC, Maxson B, Mee L, Bonner MJ, Vogler LB, Schanberg LE, Connelly MA, Wagner JL, Silver RM, Nietert PJ. The health education for lupus study: a randomized controlled cognitive-behavioral intervention targeting psychosocial adjustment and quality of life in adolescent females with systemic lupus erythematosus. Am J Med Sci. 2012 Oct; 344(4):274-82. PMID: 22996139.
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    70. Zhang NF, Silver RM, Zhou H, Barnes BM. Improving optical measurement uncertainty with combined multitool metrology using a Bayesian approach. Appl Opt. 2012 Sep 01; 51(25):6196-206. PMID: 22945168.
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    71. Attota R, Silver R. Optical microscope angular illumination analysis. Opt Express. 2012 Mar 12; 20(6):6693-702. PMID: 22418553.
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    72. Fransen J, Johnson SR, van den Hoogen F, Baron M, Allanore Y, Carreira PE, Czirják L, Denton CP, Distler O, Furst DE, Gabrielli A, Herrick A, Inanc M, Kahaleh B, Kowal-Bielecka O, Medsger TA, Mueller-Ladner U, Riemekasten G, Sierakowski S, Valentini G, Veale D, Vonk MC, Walker U, Chung L, Clements PJ, Collier DH, Csuka ME, Jimenez S, Merkel PA, Seibold JR, Silver R, Steen V, Tyndall A, Matucci-Cerinic M, Pope JE, Khanna D. Items for developing revised classification criteria in systemic sclerosis: Results of a consensus exercise. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2012 Mar; 64(3):351-7. PMID: 22052558.
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    73. Schanberg LE, Sandborg C, Barnhart HX, Ardoin SP, Yow E, Evans GW, Mieszkalski KL, Ilowite NT, Eberhard A, Imundo LF, Kimura Y, von Scheven E, Silverman E, Bowyer SL, Punaro M, Singer NG, Sherry DD, McCurdy D, Klein-Gitelman M, Wallace C, Silver R, Wagner-Weiner L, Higgins GC, Brunner HI, Jung L, Soep JB, Reed AM, Provenzale J, Thompson SD. Use of atorvastatin in systemic lupus erythematosus in children and adolescents. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Jan; 64(1):285-96. PMID: 22031171.
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    74. Bogatkevich GS, Highland KB, Akter T, Silver RM. The PPAR? Agonist Rosiglitazone Is Antifibrotic for Scleroderma Lung Fibroblasts: Mechanisms of Action and Differential Racial Effects. Pulm Med. 2012; 2012:545172. PMID: 22135743.
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    75. Nozaki K, Silver RM, Stickler DE, Abou-Fayssal NG, Giglio P, Kamen DL, Daniel R, Judson MA. Neurological deficits during treatment with tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonists. Am J Med Sci. 2011 Nov; 342(5):352-5. PMID: 21876428.
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    76. Song J, Vorburger TV, Ballou S, Thompson RM, Yen J, Renegar TB, Zheng A, Silver RM, Ols M. The National Ballistics Imaging Comparison (NBIC) project. Forensic Sci Int. 2012 Mar 10; 216(1-3):168-82. PMID: 22014973.
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    77. Yuen HK, Marlow NM, Reed SG, Mahoney S, Summerlin LM, Leite R, Slate E, Silver RM. Effect of orofacial exercises on oral aperture in adults with systemic sclerosis. Disabil Rehabil. 2012; 34(1):84-9. PMID: 21951278.
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    78. Dray N, Rao AG, Silver RM. Paraspinal tumoral calcinosis in a child with systemic sclerosis/myositis overlap. Pediatr Radiol. 2011 Sep; 41(9):1216-8. PMID: 21735178.
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    79. Tourkina E, Bonner M, Oates J, Hofbauer A, Richard M, Znoyko S, Visconti RP, Zhang J, Hatfield CM, Silver RM, Hoffman S. Altered monocyte and fibrocyte phenotype and function in scleroderma interstitial lung disease: reversal by caveolin-1 scaffolding domain peptide. Fibrogenesis Tissue Repair. 2011 Jul 01; 4(1):15. PMID: 21722364.
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    80. Chu W, Song J, Vorburger TV, Thompson R, Silver R. Selecting Valid Correlation Areas for Automated Bullet Identification System Based on Striation Detection. J Res Natl Inst Stand Technol. 2011 May-Jun; 116(3):647-53. PMID: 26989589.
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    81. Sharif R, Fritzler MJ, Mayes MD, Gonzalez EB, McNearney TA, Draeger H, Baron M. Anti-fibrillarin antibody in African American patients with systemic sclerosis: immunogenetics, clinical features, and survival analysis. J Rheumatol. 2011 Aug; 38(8):1622-30. PMID: 21572159.
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    82. Yuen HK, Weng Y, Bandyopadhyay D, Reed SG, Leite RS, Silver RM. Effect of a multi-faceted intervention on gingival health among adults with systemic sclerosis. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2011 Mar-Apr; 29(2 Suppl 65):S26-32. PMID: 21586215.
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    83. Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Nietert PJ, Akter T, van Ryn J, Silver RM. Antiinflammatory and antifibrotic effects of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate in a murine model of interstitial lung disease. Arthritis Rheum. 2011 May; 63(5):1416-25. PMID: 21312187.
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    84. Hant FN, Silver RM. Biomarkers of scleroderma lung disease: recent progress. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2011 Feb; 13(1):44-50. PMID: 21061101.
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    85. Kowal K, Silver R, Slawinska E, Bielecki M, Chyczewski L, Kowal-Bielecka O. CD163 and its role in inflammation. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2011; 49(3):365-74. PMID: 22038213.
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    86. Ludwicka-Bradley A, Silver RM, Bogatkevich GS. Coagulation and autoimmunity in scleroderma interstitial lung disease. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2011 Oct; 41(2):212-22. PMID: 21168185.
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    87. Ardoin SP, Schanberg LE, Sandborg C, Yow E, Barnhart HX, Mieszkalski Kl, Ilowite NT, von Scheven E, Eberhard A, Levy DM, Kimura Y, Silverman E, Bowyer SL, Punaro L, Singer NG, Sherry DD, McCurdy D, Klein-Gitelman M, Wallace C, Silver R, Wagner-Weiner L, Higgins GC, Brunner HI, Jung LK, Imundo L, Soep JB, Reed AM. Laboratory markers of cardiovascular risk in pediatric SLE: the APPLE baseline cohort. Lupus. 2010 Oct; 19(11):1315-25. PMID: 20861207.
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    88. Seif F, Samaha A, Tannous G, Kamouh A, Fares J, Silver R. Acute onset of dyspnea in an HIV patient. Am J Med. 2010 Nov; 123(11):999-1000. PMID: 20851369.
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    89. Hant FN, Herpel LB, Silver RM. Pulmonary manifestations of scleroderma and mixed connective tissue disease. Clin Chest Med. 2010 Sep; 31(3):433-49. PMID: 20692538.
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    90. Sun L, Wang D, Liang J, Zhang H, Feng X, Wang H, Hua B, Liu B, Ye S, Hu X, Xu W, Zeng X, Hou Y, Gilkeson GS, Silver RM, Lu L, Shi S. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in severe and refractory systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Aug; 62(8):2467-75. PMID: 20506343.
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    91. Gu Z, Akiyama K, Ma X, Zhang H, Feng X, Yao G, Hou Y, Lu L, Gilkeson GS, Silver RM, Zeng X, Shi S, Sun L. Transplantation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells alleviates lupus nephritis in MRL/lpr mice. Lupus. 2010 Nov; 19(13):1502-14. PMID: 20647254.
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    92. Khanna D, Brown KK, Clements PJ, Elashoff R, Furst DE, Goldin J, Seibold JR, Silver RM, Tashkin DP, Wells AU. Systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease-proposed recommendations for future randomized clinical trials. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2010 Mar-Apr; 28(2 Suppl 58):S55-62. PMID: 20576216.
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    93. Avouac J, Walker U, Tyndall A, Kahan A, Matucci-Cerinic M, Allanore Y. Characteristics of joint involvement and relationships with systemic inflammation in systemic sclerosis: results from the EULAR Scleroderma Trial and Research Group (EUSTAR) database. J Rheumatol. 2010 Jul; 37(7):1488-501. PMID: 20551097.
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    94. Christmann RB, Wells AU, Capelozzi VL, Silver RM. Gastroesophageal reflux incites interstitial lung disease in systemic sclerosis: clinical, radiologic, histopathologic, and treatment evidence. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Dec; 40(3):241-9. PMID: 20494406.
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    95. Tourkina E, Richard M, Oates J, Hofbauer A, Bonner M, Gööz P, Visconti R, Zhang J, Znoyko S, Hatfield CM, Silver RM, Hoffman S. Caveolin-1 regulates leucocyte behaviour in fibrotic lung disease. Ann Rheum Dis. 2010 Jun; 69(6):1220-6. PMID: 20410070.
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    96. Asano Y, Stawski L, Hant F, Highland K, Silver R, Szalai G, Watson DK, Trojanowska M. Endothelial Fli1 deficiency impairs vascular homeostasis: a role in scleroderma vasculopathy. Am J Pathol. 2010 Apr; 176(4):1983-98. PMID: 20228226.
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    97. Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Silver RM. Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, demonstrates antifibrotic effects on lung fibroblasts. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Nov; 60(11):3455-64. PMID: 19877031.
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    98. Owen J, Hankins G, Iams JD, Berghella V, Sheffield JS, Perez-Delboy A, Egerman RS, Wing DA, Tomlinson M, Silver R, Ramin SM, Guzman ER, Gordon M, How HY, Knudtson EJ, Szychowski JM, Cliver S, Hauth JC. Multicenter randomized trial of cerclage for preterm birth prevention in high-risk women with shortened midtrimester cervical length. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Oct; 201(4):375.e1-8. PMID: 19788970.
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    99. Schanberg LE, Sandborg C, Barnhart HX, Ardoin SP, Yow E, Evans GW, Mieszkalski KL, Ilowite NT, Eberhard A, Levy DM, Kimura Y, von Scheven E, Silverman E, Bowyer SL, Punaro L, Singer NG, Sherry DD, McCurdy D, Klein-Gitelman M, Wallace C, Silver R, Wagner-Weiner L, Higgins GC, Brunner HI, Jung L, Soep JB, Reed A. Premature atherosclerosis in pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus: risk factors for increased carotid intima-media thickness in the atherosclerosis prevention in pediatric lupus erythematosus cohort. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 May; 60(5):1496-507. PMID: 19404953.
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    100. Khanna D, Clements PJ, Furst DE, Korn JH, Ellman M, Rothfield N, Wigley FM, Moreland LW, Silver R, Kim YH, Steen VD, Firestein GS, Kavanaugh AF, Weisman M, Mayes MD, Collier D, Csuka ME, Simms R, Merkel PA, Medsger TA, Sanders ME, Maranian P, Seibold JR. Recombinant human relaxin in the treatment of systemic sclerosis with diffuse cutaneous involvement: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Apr; 60(4):1102-11. PMID: 19333948.
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    101. Hant FN, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Wang HJ, Li N, Elashoff R, Tashkin DP, Silver RM. Surfactant protein D and KL-6 as serum biomarkers of interstitial lung disease in patients with scleroderma. J Rheumatol. 2009 Apr; 36(4):773-80. PMID: 19286849.
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    102. Garin MC, Highland KB, Silver RM, Strange C. Limitations to the 6-minute walk test in interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension in scleroderma. J Rheumatol. 2009 Feb; 36(2):330-6. PMID: 19208563.
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    103. Kowal-Bielecka O, Kowal K, Highland KB, Silver RM. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in scleroderma interstitial lung disease: technical aspects and clinical correlations: review of the literature. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Aug; 40(1):73-88. PMID: 19152959.
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    104. Kowal-Bielecka O, Landewé R, Avouac J, Chwiesko S, Miniati I, Czirjak L, Clements P, Denton C, Farge D, Fligelstone K, Földvari I, Furst DE, Müller-Ladner U, Seibold J, Silver RM, Takehara K, Toth BG, Tyndall A, Valentini G, van den Hoogen F, Wigley F, Zulian F, Matucci-Cerinic M. EULAR recommendations for the treatment of systemic sclerosis: a report from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR). Ann Rheum Dis. 2009 May; 68(5):620-8. PMID: 19147617.
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    105. Avouac J, Kowal-Bielecka O, Landewe R, Chwiesko S, Miniati I, Czirjak L, Clements P, Denton C, Farge D, Fligelstone K, Földvari I, Furst DE, Müller-Ladner U, Seibold J, Silver RM, Takehara K, Toth BG, Tyndall A, Valentini G, van den Hoogen F, Wigley F, Zulian F, Matucci-Cerinic M. European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trial and Research group (EUSTAR) recommendations for the treatment of systemic sclerosis: methods of elaboration and results of systematic literature research. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009 May; 68(5):629-34. PMID: 18957486.
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    106. Silver RM, Wells AU. Histopathology and bronchoalveolar lavage. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Oct; 47 Suppl 5:v62-4. PMID: 18784150.
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    107. Wells AU, Behr J, Silver R. Outcome measures in the lung. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Oct; 47 Suppl 5:v48-50. PMID: 18784144.
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    108. Silver RM. Endothelin and scleroderma lung disease. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Oct; 47 Suppl 5:v25-6. PMID: 18784134.
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    109. Attota R, Germer TA, Silver RM. Through-focus scanning-optical-microscope imaging method for nanoscale dimensional analysis. Opt Lett. 2008 Sep 01; 33(17):1990-2. PMID: 18758588.
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    110. Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Singleton CB, Bethard JR, Silver RM. Proteomic analysis of CTGF-activated lung fibroblasts: identification of IQGAP1 as a key player in lung fibroblast migration. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 Oct; 295(4):L603-11. PMID: 18676875.
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    111. Attota R, Silver R, Dixson R. Linewidth measurement technique using through-focus optical images. Appl Opt. 2008 Feb 01; 47(4):495-503. PMID: 18239708.
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    112. Tourkina E, Richard M, Gööz P, Bonner M, Pannu J, Harley R, Bernatchez PN, Sessa WC, Silver RM, Hoffman S. Antifibrotic properties of caveolin-1 scaffolding domain in vitro and in vivo. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2008 May; 294(5):L843-61. PMID: 18203815.
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    113. Silver RM. Captive of art, not disease. Paul Klee and his illness, scleroderma. Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 2008; 71(1):16-24. PMID: 18246782.
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    114. Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Highland KB, Hant F, Nietert PJ, Singleton CB, Silver RM. Down-regulation of collagen and connective tissue growth factor expression with hepatocyte growth factor in lung fibroblasts from white scleroderma patients via two signaling pathways. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Oct; 56(10):3468-77. PMID: 17907155.
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    115. Crombleholme TM, Shera D, Lee H, Johnson M, D'Alton M, Porter F, Chyu J, Silver R, Abuhamad A, Saade G, Shields L, Kauffman D, Stone J, Albanese CT, Bahado-Singh R, Ball RH, Bilaniuk L, Coleman B, Farmer D, Feldstein V, Harrison MR, Hedrick H, Livingston J, Lorenz RP, Miller DA, Norton ME, Polzin WJ, Robinson JN, Rychik J, Sandberg PL, Seri I, Simon E, Simpson LL, Yedigarova L, Wilson RD, Young B. A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial of amnioreduction vs selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation for the treatment of severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Oct; 197(4):396.e1-9. PMID: 17904975.
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    116. Strange C, Bolster MB, Roth MD, Silver RM, Theodore A, Goldin J, Clements P, Chung J, Elashoff RM, Suh R, Smith EA, Furst DE, Tashkin DP. Bronchoalveolar lavage and response to cyclophosphamide in scleroderma interstitial lung disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Jan 01; 177(1):91-8. PMID: 17901414.
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    117. Tashkin DP, Elashoff R, Clements PJ, Roth MD, Furst DE, Silver RM, Goldin J, Arriola E, Strange C, Bolster MB, Seibold JR, Riley DJ, Hsu VM, Varga J, Schraufnagel D, Theodore A, Simms R, Wise R, Wigley F, White B, Steen V, Read C, Mayes M, Parsley E, Mubarak K, Connolly MK, Golden J, Olman M, Fessler B, Rothfield N, Metersky M, Khanna D, Li N, Li G. Effects of 1-year treatment with cyclophosphamide on outcomes at 2 years in scleroderma lung disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Nov 15; 176(10):1026-34. PMID: 17717203.
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    118. Silver RM, Barnes BM, Attota R, Jun J, Stocker M, Marx E, Patrick HJ. Scatterfield microscopy for extending the limits of image-based optical metrology. Appl Opt. 2007 Jul 10; 46(20):4248-57. PMID: 17579680.
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    119. Ostojic P, Cerinic MM, Silver R, Highland K, Damjanov N. Interstitial lung disease in systemic sclerosis. Lung. 2007 Jul-Aug; 185(4):211-20. PMID: 17717851.
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    120. Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Highland KB, Hant F, Nietert PJ, Singleton CB, Feghali-Bostwick CA, Silver RM. Impairment of the antifibrotic effect of hepatocyte growth factor in lung fibroblasts from African Americans: possible role in systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Jul; 56(7):2432-42. PMID: 17599773.
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    121. Beall AD, Nietert PJ, Taylor MH, Mitchell HC, Shaftman SR, Silver RM, Smith EA, Bolster MB. Ethnic disparities among patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2007 Jun; 34(6):1277-82. PMID: 17516621.
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    122. Clements PJ, Roth MD, Elashoff R, Tashkin DP, Goldin J, Silver RM, Sterz M, Seibold JR, Schraufnagel D, Simms RW, Bolster M, Wise RA, Steen V, Mayes MD, Connelly K, Metersky M, Furst DE. Scleroderma lung study (SLS): differences in the presentation and course of patients with limited versus diffuse systemic sclerosis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007 Dec; 66(12):1641-7. PMID: 17485423.
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    123. Khanna D, Yan X, Tashkin DP, Furst DE, Elashoff R, Roth MD, Silver R, Strange C, Bolster M, Seibold JR, Riley DJ, Hsu VM, Varga J, Schraufnagel DE, Theodore A, Simms R, Wise R, Wigley F, White B, Steen V, Read C, Mayes M, Parsley E, Mubarak K, Connolly MK, Golden J, Olman M, Fessler B, Rothfield N, Metersky M, Clements PJ. Impact of oral cyclophosphamide on health-related quality of life in patients with active scleroderma lung disease: results from the scleroderma lung study. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 May; 56(5):1676-84. PMID: 17469162.
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    124. Tashkin DP, Elashoff R, Clements PJ, Goldin J, Roth MD, Furst DE, Arriola E, Silver R, Strange C, Bolster M, Seibold JR, Riley DJ, Hsu VM, Varga J, Schraufnagel DE, Theodore A, Simms R, Wise R, Wigley F, White B, Steen V, Read C, Mayes M, Parsley E, Mubarak K, Connolly MK, Golden J, Olman M, Fessler B, Rothfield N, Metersky M. Cyclophosphamide versus placebo in scleroderma lung disease. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jun 22; 354(25):2655-66. PMID: 16790698.
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    125. Nietert PJ, Mitchell HC, Bolster MB, Shaftman SR, Tilley BC, Silver RM. Racial variation in clinical and immunological manifestations of systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2006 Feb; 33(2):263-8. PMID: 16465656.
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    126. Zhou H, Fu J, Silver RM. The influence of defects on the morphology of Si (111) etched in NH4F. J Phys Chem B. 2005 Dec 15; 109(49):23386-94. PMID: 16375311.
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    127. Highland KB, Silver RM. New developments in scleroderma interstitial lung disease. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2005 Nov; 17(6):737-45. PMID: 16224252.
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    128. Nietert PJ, Silver RM, Mitchell HC, Shaftman SR, Tilley BC. Demographic and clinical factors associated with in-hospital death among patients with systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2005 Oct; 32(10):1888-92. PMID: 16206342.
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    129. Gore J, Silver R. Oral sildenafil for the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulcers secondary to systemic sclerosis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Sep; 64(9):1387. PMID: 16100356.
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    130. Kuwana M, Okano Y, Pandey JP, Silver RM, Fertig N, Medsger TA. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of anti-RNA polymerase III antibody: analytical accuracy and clinical associations in systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Aug; 52(8):2425-32. PMID: 16052583.
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    131. Khanna D, Furst DE, Clements PJ, Park GS, Hays RD, Yoon J, Korn JH, Merkel PA, Rothfield N, Wigley FM, Moreland LW, Silver R, Steen VD, Weisman M, Mayes MD, Collier DH, Medsger TA, Seibold JR. Responsiveness of the SF-36 and the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index in a systemic sclerosis clinical trial. J Rheumatol. 2005 May; 32(5):832-40. PMID: 15868618.
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    132. Highland KB, Silver RM. Clinical aspects of lung involvement: lessons from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and the scleroderma lung study. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2005 Apr; 7(2):135-41. PMID: 15760593.
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    133. Tourkina E, Gooz P, Pannu J, Bonner M, Scholz D, Hacker S, Silver RM, Trojanowska M, Hoffman S. Opposing effects of protein kinase Calpha and protein kinase Cepsilon on collagen expression by human lung fibroblasts are mediated via MEK/ERK and caveolin-1 signaling. J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 08; 280(14):13879-87. PMID: 15691837.
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    134. Khanna D, Clements PJ, Furst DE, Chon Y, Elashoff R, Roth MD, Sterz MG, Chung J, FitzGerald JD, Seibold JR, Varga J, Theodore A, Wigley FM, Silver RM, Steen VD, Mayes MD, Connolly MK, Fessler BJ, Rothfield NF, Mubarak K, Molitor J, Tashkin DP. Correlation of the degree of dyspnea with health-related quality of life, functional abilities, and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide in patients with systemic sclerosis and active alveolitis: results from the Scleroderma Lung Study. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Feb; 52(2):592-600. PMID: 15692967.
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    135. Nietert PJ, Mitchell HC, Bolster MB, Curran MY, Tilley BC, Silver RM. Correlates of depression, including overall and gastrointestinal functional status, among patients with systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2005 Jan; 32(1):51-7. PMID: 15630725.
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    136. Esplin MS, Peltier MR, Hamblin S, Smith S, Fausett MB, Dildy GA, Branch DW, Silver RM, Adashi EY. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression is increased in human gestational tissues during term and preterm labor. Placenta. 2005 Sep-Oct; 26(8-9):661-71. PMID: 16085045.
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    137. Beon M, Harley RA, Wessels A, Silver RM, Ludwicka-Bradley A. Myofibroblast induction and microvascular alteration in scleroderma lung fibrosis. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2004 Nov-Dec; 22(6):733-42. PMID: 15638048.
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    138. Bogatkevich GS, Gustilo E, Oates JC, Feghali-Bostwick C, Harley RA, Silver RM, Ludwicka-Bradley A. Distinct PKC isoforms mediate cell survival and DNA synthesis in thrombin-induced myofibroblasts. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Jan; 288(1):L190-201. PMID: 15447940.
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    139. Tourkina E, Gooz P, Oates JC, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Silver RM, Hoffman S. Curcumin-induced apoptosis in scleroderma lung fibroblasts: role of protein kinase cepsilon. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2004 Jul; 31(1):28-35. PMID: 14742295.
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    140. Hudson LL, Silver RM, Pandey JP. Ethnic differences in cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4 genotype associations with systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2004 Jan; 31(1):85-7. PMID: 14705224.
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    141. Ludwicka-Bradley A, Bogatkevich G, Silver RM. Thrombin-mediated cellular events in pulmonary fibrosis associated with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2004 Jan-Feb; 22(3 Suppl 33):S38-46. PMID: 15344597.
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    142. Fahey SM, Silver RM. Use of NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors in children with musculoskeletal disorders. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Nov-Dec; 23(6):794-9. PMID: 14581786.
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    143. Kuwana M, Pandey JP, Silver RM, Kawakami Y, Kaburaki J. HLA class II alleles in systemic sclerosis patients with anti-RNA polymerase I/III antibody: associations with subunit reactivities. J Rheumatol. 2003 Nov; 30(11):2392-7. PMID: 14677183.
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    144. Cannick L, Douglas G, Crater S, Silver R. Nodular scleroderma: case report and literature review. J Rheumatol. 2003 Nov; 30(11):2500-2. PMID: 14677198.
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    145. Silver RM. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis then and now. J S C Med Assoc. 2003 Oct; 99(10):321. PMID: 14621664.
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    146. Douglas G, Bird K, Flume P, Silver R, Bolster M. Wegener's granulomatosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 2003 Sep; 30(9):2064-9. PMID: 12966617.
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    147. Kubo M, Czuwara-Ladykowska J, Moussa O, Markiewicz M, Smith E, Silver RM, Jablonska S, Blaszczyk M, Watson DK, Trojanowska M. Persistent down-regulation of Fli1, a suppressor of collagen transcription, in fibrotic scleroderma skin. Am J Pathol. 2003 Aug; 163(2):571-81. PMID: 12875977.
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    148. Nietert PJ, Silver RM. Patterns of hospital admissions and emergency room visits among patients with scleroderma in South Carolina, USA. J Rheumatol. 2003 Jun; 30(6):1238-43. PMID: 12784396.
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    149. Bogatkevich GS, Tourkina E, Abrams CS, Harley RA, Silver RM, Ludwicka-Bradley A. Contractile activity and smooth muscle alpha-actin organization in thrombin-induced human lung myofibroblasts. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Aug; 285(2):L334-43. PMID: 12665468.
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    150. Matucci-Cerinic M, D'Angelo S, Denton CP, Vlachoyiannopoulos P, Silver R. Assessment of lung involvement. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2003; 21(3 Suppl 29):S19-23. PMID: 12889217.
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    151. Silver RM. Commentary. J Clin Rheumatol. 2002 Oct; 8(5):250. PMID: 19078520.
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    152. Taylor MH, McFadden JA, Bolster MB, Silver RM. Ulnar artery involvement in systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). J Rheumatol. 2002 Jan; 29(1):102-6. PMID: 11824945.
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    153. Pandey JP, Nietert PJ, Silver RM. Cytochrome P2 polymorphisms and susceptibility to scleroderma: comment on the article by Povey et al. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Nov; 44(11):2705-6. PMID: 11710729.
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    154. Gabriel R, Lesauter J, Silver R, Garcia-España A, Witkovsky P. Diurnal and circadian variation of protein kinase C immunoreactivity in the rat retina. J Comp Neurol. 2001 Oct 15; 439(2):140-50. PMID: 11596044.
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    155. Bogatkevich GS, Tourkina E, Silver RM, Ludwicka-Bradley A. Thrombin differentiates normal lung fibroblasts to a myofibroblast phenotype via the proteolytically activated receptor-1 and a protein kinase C-dependent pathway. J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 30; 276(48):45184-92. PMID: 11579091.
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    156. Nietert PJ, Silverstein MD, Silver RM. Hospital admissions, length of stay, charges, and in-hospital death among patients with systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 2001 Sep; 28(9):2031-7. PMID: 11550971.
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    157. Lee RM, Branch DW, Silver RM. Immunoglobulin A anti-beta2-glycoprotein antibodies in women who experience unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion and unexplained fetal death. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Sep; 185(3):748-53. PMID: 11568809.
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    158. Fausett MB, Vogtlander M, Lee RM, Esplin MS, Branch DW, Rodgers GM, Silver RM. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is rare in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Jul; 185(1):148-52. PMID: 11483919.
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    159. Tourkina E, Hoffman S, Fenton JW, Lipsitz S, Silver RM, Ludwicka-Bradley A. Depletion of protein kinase Cepsilon in normal and scleroderma lung fibroblasts has opposite effects on tenascin expression. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Jun; 44(6):1370-81. PMID: 11407697.
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    160. Pandey JP, Page GP, Silver RM, LeRoy EC, Bona CA. Anti-fibrillin-1 autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis are GM and KM allotype-restricted. Exp Clin Immunogenet. 2001; 18(3):123-9. PMID: 11549841.
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    161. Nietert PJ, Silver RM. Systemic sclerosis: environmental and occupational risk factors. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2000 Nov; 12(6):520-6. PMID: 11092202.
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    162. Strange C, Bolster M, Mazur J, Taylor M, Gossage JR, Silver R. Hemodynamic effects of epoprostenol in patients with systemic sclerosis and pulmonary hypertension. Chest. 2000 Oct; 118(4):1077-82. PMID: 11035680.
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    163. Silver RM, Porter TF, Branch DW, Esplin MS, Scott JR. Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia: antenatal management. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000 May; 182(5):1233-8. PMID: 10819864.
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    164. Ludwicka-Bradley A, Tourkina E, Suzuki S, Tyson E, Bonner M, Fenton JW, Hoffman S, Silver RM. Thrombin upregulates interleukin-8 in lung fibroblasts via cleavage of proteolytically activated receptor-I and protein kinase C-gamma activation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Feb; 22(2):235-43. PMID: 10657945.
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    165. Miller FW, Hess EV, Clauw DJ, Hertzman PA, Pincus T, Silver RM, Mayes MD, Varga J, Medsger TA, Love LA. Approaches for identifying and defining environmentally associated rheumatic disorders. Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Feb; 43(2):243-9. PMID: 10693862.
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    166. Lee RM, Silver RM. Recurrent pregnancy loss: summary and clinical recommendations. Semin Reprod Med. 2000; 18(4):433-40. PMID: 11355802.
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    167. Bolster MB, Silver RM. Assessment and management of scleroderma lung disease. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1999 Nov; 11(6):508-13. PMID: 10551676.
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    168. Nietert PJ, Sutherland SE, Silver RM, Pandey JP, Dosemeci M. Solvent oriented hobbies and the risk of systemic sclerosis. J Rheumatol. 1999 Nov; 26(11):2369-72. PMID: 10555893.
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    169. Lee RM, Emlen W, Scott JR, Branch DW, Silver RM. Anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion, unexplained fetal death, and antiphospholipid syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Sep; 181(3):642-8. PMID: 10486478.
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    170. Tan FK, Arnett FC, Antohi S, Saito S, Mirarchi A, Spiera H, Sasaki T, Shoichi O, Takeuchi K, Pandey JP, Silver RM, LeRoy C, Postlethwaite AE, Bona CA. Autoantibodies to the extracellular matrix microfibrillar protein, fibrillin-1, in patients with scleroderma and other connective tissue diseases. J Immunol. 1999 Jul 15; 163(2):1066-72. PMID: 10395706.
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    171. Nietert PJ, Sutherland SE, Silver RM, Pandey JP, Knapp RG, Hoel DG, Dosemeci M. Is occupational organic solvent exposure a risk factor for scleroderma? Arthritis Rheum. 1998 Jun; 41(6):1111-8. PMID: 9627022.
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    172. Gharavi AE, Cucurull E, Tang H, Silver RM, Branch DW. Effect of antiphospholipid antibodies on beta(2) glycoprotein I-phospholipid Interaction. Am J Reprod Immunol. 1998 May; 39(5):310-5. PMID: 9602248.
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    173. Silver RM, Branch DW, Scott JR. Prednisone and aspirin in women with recurrent fetal loss. N Engl J Med. 1997 Nov 27; 337(22):1629-30. PMID: 9411223.
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    174. Ward M, Curé J, Schabel S, Smith EA, Schumacher HR, Silver RM. Symptomatic spinal calcinosis in systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Arthritis Rheum. 1997 Oct; 40(10):1892-5. PMID: 9336427.
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    175. Silver RM, Smith LA, Edwin SS, Oshiro BT, Scott JR, Branch DW. Variable effects on murine pregnancy of immunoglobulin G fractions from women with antiphospholipid antibodies. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Jul; 177(1):229-33. PMID: 9240611.
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    176. Silver RM, Branch DW. Autoimmune disease in pregnancy. Systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome. Clin Perinatol. 1997 Jun; 24(2):291-320. PMID: 9209805.
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    177. Bolster MB, Ludwicka A, Sutherland SE, Strange C, Silver RM. Cytokine concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Rheum. 1997 Apr; 40(4):743-51. PMID: 9125259.
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    178. Silver RM, Pierangeli SS, Edwin SS, Umar F, Harris EN, Scott JR, Branch DW. Pathogenic antibodies in women with obstetric features of antiphospholipid syndrome who have negative test results for lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Mar; 176(3):628-33. PMID: 9077618.
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    179. Porter TF, Silver RM, Jackson GM, Branch DW, Scott JR. Intravenous immune globulin in the management of severe Rh D hemolytic disease. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1997 Mar; 52(3):193-7. PMID: 9061721.
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    180. Lynch A, Silver R, Emlen W. Antiphospholipid antibodies in healthy pregnant women. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1997 Feb; 23(1):55-70. PMID: 9031374.
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    181. Hitraya EG, Jimenez SA, Ludwicka A, Silver RM, Varga J. Increased activity of the alpha 1(I) procollagen promoter in skin fibroblasts from patients with chronic eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1997 Jan; 29(1):135-41. PMID: 9076948.
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    182. Carreira PE, Montalvo MG, Kaufman LD, Silver RM, Izquierdo M, Gomez-Reino JJ. Antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with eosinophilia myalgia and toxic oil syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1997 Jan; 24(1):69-72. PMID: 9002013.
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    183. Silver RM. Scleroderma. Clinical problems. The lungs. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1996 Nov; 22(4):825-40. PMID: 8923598.
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    184. LeRoy EC, Silver RM. Paul Klee and scleroderma. Bull Rheum Dis. 1996 Oct; 45(6):4-6. PMID: 8885478.
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    185. Silver RM. Pathophysiology of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. J Rheumatol Suppl. 1996 Oct; 46:26-36. PMID: 8895179.
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    186. Middaugh LD, Nussbaum R, Ludwicka A, Bolster MB, Silver RM. Cognitive deficits in a murine model of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: a preliminary report. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1996 Sep-Oct; 18(5):595-601. PMID: 8888024.
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    187. Suzuki S, Tourkina E, Ludwicka A, Hampton M, Bolster M, Maize J, Silver R. A contaminant of L-tryptophan enhances expression of dermal collagen in a murine model of eosinophilia myalgia syndrome. Proc Assoc Am Physicians. 1996 Jul; 108(4):315-22. PMID: 8863345.
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    188. Edwin SS, Branch DW, Scott JR, Silver RM, Dudley DJ, Mitchell MD. Cyclosporin A inhibits prostaglandin E2 production by fetal amnion cells in response to various stimuli. Prostaglandins. 1996 Jul; 52(1):51-61. PMID: 8875637.
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    189. Oshiro BT, Silver RM, Scott JR, Yu H, Branch DW. Antiphospholipid antibodies and fetal death. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Apr; 87(4):489-93. PMID: 8602296.
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    190. Silver RM, Porter TF, van Leeuween I, Jeng G, Scott JR, Branch DW. Anticardiolipin antibodies: clinical consequences of "low titers". Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Apr; 87(4):494-500. PMID: 8602297.
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    191. Ludwicka A, Ohba T, Trojanowska M, Yamakage A, Strange C, Smith EA, Leroy EC, Sutherland S, Silver RM. Elevated levels of platelet derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta 1 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with scleroderma. J Rheumatol. 1995 Oct; 22(10):1876-83. PMID: 8991985.
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    192. Silver RM. Scleroderma: diagnosis and treatment, Circa 1995. Bull Rheum Dis. 1995 Oct; 44(6):2-5. PMID: 7550791.
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    193. Campbell DS, Morris PD, Silver RM. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: a long-term follow-up study. South Med J. 1995 Sep; 88(9):953-8. PMID: 7660215.
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    194. Silver RM, Branch DW, Scott JR. Maternal thrombocytopenia in pregnancy: time for a reassessment. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Aug; 173(2):479-82. PMID: 7645624.
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    195. Hertzman PA, Clauw DJ, Kaufman LD, Varga J, Silver RM, Thacker HL, Mease P, Espinoza LR, Pincus T. The eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: status of 205 patients and results of treatment 2 years after onset. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jun 01; 122(11):851-5. PMID: 7741371.
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    196. Knapp R, Silver R. Location of neurons projecting to the hypophysial stalk--median eminence in ring doves (Streptopelia roseogrisea). Cell Tissue Res. 1995 Apr; 280(1):77-86. PMID: 7538450.
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    197. Greene WB, Raso DS, Walsh LG, Harley RA, Silver RM. Electron probe microanalysis of silicon and the role of the macrophage in proximal (capsule) and distant sites in augmentation mammaplasty patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995 Mar; 95(3):513-9. PMID: 7870776.
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    198. Silver RM, Edwin SS, Trautman MS, Simmons DL, Branch DW, Dudley DJ, Mitchell MD. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide-mediated fetal death. Production of a newly recognized form of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in murine decidua in response to lipopolysaccharide. J Clin Invest. 1995 Feb; 95(2):725-31. PMID: 7860753.
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    199. Legerton CW, Smith EA, Silver RM. Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Clinical management of its major complications. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1995 Feb; 21(1):203-16. PMID: 7732169.
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    200. Lehman MN, LeSauter J, Kim C, Berriman SJ, Tresco PA, Silver R. How do fetal grafts of the suprachiasmatic nucleus communicate with the host brain? Cell Transplant. 1995 Jan-Feb; 4(1):75-81. PMID: 7728336.
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    201. Silver RM. Interstitial lung disease of systemic sclerosis. Int Rev Immunol. 1995; 12(2-4):281-91. PMID: 7650424.
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    202. Hertzman PA, Kaufman LD, Love LA, Mease PJ, Philen RM, Pincus T, Rosenberg NL, Silver R, Varga J, Clauw DJ. The eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome--guidelines for patient care. J Rheumatol. 1995 Jan; 22(1):161-3. PMID: 7699664.
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    203. Bolster MB, Silver RM. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, toxic-oil syndrome, and diffuse fasciitis with eosinophilia. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1994 Nov; 6(6):642-9. PMID: 7865387.
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    204. Waller PA, Clauw D, Cupps T, Metcalf JS, Silver RM, Leroy EC. Fasciitis (not scleroderma) following prolonged exposure to an organic solvent (trichloroethylene). J Rheumatol. 1994 Aug; 21(8):1567-70. PMID: 7983667.
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    205. Silver RM. The eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Clin Dermatol. 1994 Jul-Sep; 12(3):457-65. PMID: 7954203.
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    206. Silver RM, Lohner WS, Daynes RA, Mitchell MD, Branch DW. Lipopolysaccharide-induced fetal death: the role of tumor-necrosis factor alpha. Biol Reprod. 1994 May; 50(5):1108-12. PMID: 8025168.
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    207. Ohba T, McDonald JK, Silver RM, Strange C, LeRoy EC, Ludwicka A. Scleroderma bronchoalveolar lavage fluid contains thrombin, a mediator of human lung fibroblast proliferation via induction of platelet-derived growth factor alpha-receptor. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1994 Apr; 10(4):405-12. PMID: 7510986.
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    208. Silver RM, Ludwicka A, Hampton M, Ohba T, Bingel SA, Smith T, Harley RA, Maize J, Heyes MP. A murine model of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome induced by 1,1'-ethylidenebis (L-tryptophan). J Clin Invest. 1994 Apr; 93(4):1473-80. PMID: 8163652.
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    209. Mitchell MD, LaMarche S, Adamson S, Coulam C, Silver RM, Edwin SS. Regulation of intrauterine prostaglandin biosynthesis: interactions between protein kinase C and interleukin 1 beta. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1994 Mar; 50(3):137-40. PMID: 8208752.
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    210. Silver RM, Draper ML, Scott JR, Lyon JL, Reading J, Branch DW. Clinical consequences of antiphospholipid antibodies: an historic cohort study. Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Mar; 83(3):372-7. PMID: 8127528.
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    211. Del Priore G, Chatterton RT, Chandarana A, Silver R. Comparison of maternal serum lipids before and during parturition. Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Nov; 82(5):837-40. PMID: 8414334.
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    212. Silver RM, Schwinzer B, McGregor JA. Interleukin-6 levels in amniotic fluid in normal and abnormal pregnancies: preeclampsia, small-for-gestational-age fetus, and premature labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Nov; 169(5):1101-5. PMID: 8238167.
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    213. Silver RM. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, toxic-oil syndrome, and diffuse fasciitis with eosinophilia. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1993 Nov; 5(6):802-8. PMID: 8117543.
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    214. Sudduth CD, Strange C, Cook WR, Miller KS, Baumann M, Collop NA, Silver RM. Failure of the circulatory system limits exercise performance in patients with systemic sclerosis. Am J Med. 1993 Oct; 95(4):413-8. PMID: 8213874.
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    215. Silver RM, Heyborne KD, Leslie KK. Pregnancy specific beta 1 glycoprotein (SP-1) in maternal serum and amniotic fluid; pre-eclampsia, small for gestational age fetus and fetal distress. Placenta. 1993 Sep-Oct; 14(5):583-9. PMID: 8290497.
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    216. Edwin SS, Branch DW, Scott JR, Silver RM, Mitchell MD. Cyclosporin A attenuates increased prostaglandin and thromboxane production in response to various stimuli in human decidua. Am J Reprod Immunol. 1993 Sep-Oct; 30(2-3):154-9. PMID: 8311924.
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    217. Bhalla M, Silver RM, Shepard JA, McLoud TC. Chest CT in patients with scleroderma: prevalence of asymptomatic esophageal dilatation and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1993 Aug; 161(2):269-72. PMID: 8333359.
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    218. Silver RM, Warrick JH, Kinsella MB, Staudt LS, Baumann MH, Strange C. Cyclophosphamide and low-dose prednisone therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) with interstitial lung disease. J Rheumatol. 1993 May; 20(5):838-44. PMID: 8336309.
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    219. Bolster MB, Silver RM. Lung disease in systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Baillieres Clin Rheumatol. 1993 Feb; 7(1):79-97. PMID: 8519079.
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    220. Silver RM, Sahn EE, Allen JA, Sahn S, Greene W, Maize JC, Garen PD. Demonstration of silicon in sites of connective-tissue disease in patients with silicone-gel breast implants. Arch Dermatol. 1993 Jan; 129(1):63-8. PMID: 8420493.
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    221. Silver RM. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, toxic-oil syndrome, and diffuse fasciitis with eosinophilia. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1992 Dec; 4(6):851-6. PMID: 1457280.
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    222. Ludwicka A, Trojanowska M, Smith EA, Baumann M, Strange C, Korn JH, Smith T, Leroy EC, Silver RM. Growth and characterization of fibroblasts obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage of patients with scleroderma. J Rheumatol. 1992 Nov; 19(11):1716-23. PMID: 1491389.
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    223. Branch DW, Silver RM, Blackwell JL, Reading JC, Scott JR. Outcome of treated pregnancies in women with antiphospholipid syndrome: an update of the Utah experience. Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Oct; 80(4):614-20. PMID: 1407882.
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    224. Silver RM, McKinley K, Smith EA, Quearry B, Harati Y, Sternberg EM, Heyes MP. Tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine pathway in patients with the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Arthritis Rheum. 1992 Sep; 35(9):1097-105. PMID: 1418026.
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    225. Silver RM, Heddleston LN, McGregor JA, Gibbs RS. Life-threatening puerperal infection due to group A streptococci. Obstet Gynecol. 1992 May; 79(5 ( Pt 2)):894-6. PMID: 1565401.
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    226. Branch DW, Dudley DJ, Scott JR, Silver RM. Antiphospholipid antibodies and fetal loss. N Engl J Med. 1992 Apr 02; 326(14):952; author reply 953-4. PMID: 1542348.
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    227. Feldman SR, Silver RM, Maize JC. A histopathologic comparison of Shulman's syndrome (diffuse fasciitis with eosinophilia) and the fasciitis associated with the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1992 Jan; 26(1):95-100. PMID: 1732344.
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    228. Silver RM, Sutherland SE, Carreira P, Heyes MP. Alterations in tryptophan metabolism in the toxic oil syndrome and in the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1992 Jan; 19(1):69-73. PMID: 1532618.
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    229. Silver RM. Lung involvement in systemic sclerosis. Bull Rheum Dis. 1992; 41(2):3-5. PMID: 1600445.
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    230. Silver RM. Clinical aspects of localized and systemic scleroderma. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1991 Dec; 3(6):973-8. PMID: 1772753.
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    231. Silver RM. Clinical aspects of systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Ann Rheum Dis. 1991 Nov; 50 Suppl 4:854-61. PMID: 1750797.
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    232. Warrick JH, Bhalla M, Schabel SI, Silver RM. High resolution computed tomography in early scleroderma lung disease. J Rheumatol. 1991 Oct; 18(10):1520-8. PMID: 1765976.
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    233. Silver RM. Unraveling the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Arch Dermatol. 1991 Aug; 127(8):1214-6. PMID: 1863082.
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    234. James TN, Kamb ML, Sandberg GA, Silver RM, Kilbourne EM. Postmortem studies of the heart in three fatal cases of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Jul 15; 115(2):102-10. PMID: 2058857.
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    235. Del Priore G, Chatterton R, Lee C, Silver R, Berg L, Lee MJ. Comparison of mononuclear cell proteins and plasma proteins before and during parturition by two dimensional electrophoresis. J Perinat Med. 1991; 19(5):373-7. PMID: 1804947.
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    236. Silver RM. Lymphokine activated killer (LAK) cell activity in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 1990 Sep-Oct; 8(5):481-6. PMID: 2261708.
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    237. Sahn EE, Hampton MT, Garen PD, Warrick J, Smith D, Silver RM. Preschool sarcoidosis masquerading as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: two case reports and a review of the literature. Pediatr Dermatol. 1990 Sep; 7(3):208-13. PMID: 2247390.
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    238. Sahn EE, Garen PD, Silver RM, Maize JC. Scleroderma following augmentation mammoplasty. Report of a case and review of the literature. Arch Dermatol. 1990 Sep; 126(9):1198-202. PMID: 2204308.
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    239. Silver RM, Miller KS, Kinsella MB, Smith EA, Schabel SI. Evaluation and management of scleroderma lung disease using bronchoalveolar lavage. Am J Med. 1990 May; 88(5):470-6. PMID: 2337105.
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    240. Silver RM, Heyes MP, Maize JC, Quearry B, Vionnet-Fuasset M, Sternberg EM. Scleroderma, fasciitis, and eosinophilia associated with the ingestion of tryptophan. N Engl J Med. 1990 Mar 29; 322(13):874-81. PMID: 1690352.
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    241. Miller KS, Smith EA, Kinsella M, Schabel SI, Silver RM. Lung disease associated with progressive systemic sclerosis. Assessment of interlobar variation by bronchoalveolar lavage and comparison with noninvasive evaluation of disease activity. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Feb; 141(2):301-6. PMID: 2301848.
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    242. Silver RM, Miller KS. Lung involvement in systemic sclerosis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1990 Feb; 16(1):199-216. PMID: 2406808.
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    243. Lomeo RM, Silver RM, Brothers M. Spontaneous dissection of the internal carotid artery in a patient with polyarteritis nodosa. Arthritis Rheum. 1989 Dec; 32(12):1625-6. PMID: 2574579.
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    244. Lomeo RM, Cornella RJ, Schabel SI, Silver RM. Progressive systemic sclerosis sine scleroderma presenting as pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. Am J Med. 1989 Nov; 87(5):525-7. PMID: 2683765.
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    245. Leroy EC, Smith EA, Kahaleh MB, Trojanowska M, Silver RM. A strategy for determining the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis. Is transforming growth factor beta the answer? Arthritis Rheum. 1989 Jul; 32(7):817-25. PMID: 2665755.
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    246. Sahn EE, Maize JC, Silver RM. Erythema marginatum: an unusual histopathologic manifestation. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1989 Jul; 21(1):145-7. PMID: 2745767.
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    247. Kinsella MB, Smith EA, Miller KS, LeRoy EC, Silver RM. Spontaneous production of fibronectin by alveolar macrophages in patients with scleroderma. Arthritis Rheum. 1989 May; 32(5):577-83. PMID: 2719731.
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    248. Sahn EE, Maize JC, Garen PD, Mullins SC, Silver RM. D-penicillamine-induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa in a child with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Report of a case and review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1989 May; 20(5 Pt 2):979-88. PMID: 2523911.
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    249. Silver RM, Maricq HR. Childhood dermatomyositis: serial microvascular studies. Pediatrics. 1989 Feb; 83(2):278-83. PMID: 2464157.
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    250. McGregor AR, Watson A, Yunis E, Pandey JP, Takehara K, Tidwell JT, Ruggieri A, Silver RM, LeRoy EC, Maricq HR. Familial clustering of scleroderma spectrum disease. Am J Med. 1988 Jun; 84(6):1023-32. PMID: 3259833.
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    251. Silver RM. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the management of juvenile arthritis. J Clin Pharmacol. 1988 Jun; 28(6):566-70. PMID: 3047182.
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    252. Gabrielli A, Silver R, Teti G, Chiofalo MS, Misefari A, Venza-Teti D, Virella G, La Via MF. Mononuclear cells from rheumatoid arthritis patients exhibit a depressed IgM response to sheep erythrocyte stimulation in vitro. Diagn Clin Immunol. 1988; 5(5):266-8. PMID: 3359569.
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    253. Gabrielli A, Silver R, Teti G, Chiofalo MS, Misefari A, Venza-Teti D, Virella G, La Via MF. Depression by Fc gamma receptor ligands of SRBC-induced IgM-PFC generation in human blood mononuclear cell cultures. Diagn Clin Immunol. 1988; 5(6):304-8. PMID: 2975532.
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    254. Shustik C, Mick R, Silver R, Sawitsky A, Rai K, Shapiro L. Treatment of early chronic lymphocytic leukemia: intermittent chlorambucil versus observation. Hematol Oncol. 1988 Jan-Mar; 6(1):7-12. PMID: 3277904.
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    255. Croock AD, Silver RM. Tumoral calcinosis presenting as adhesive capsulitis: case report and literature review. Arthritis Rheum. 1987 Apr; 30(4):455-9. PMID: 3580013.
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    256. Takehara K, Grotendorst GR, Silver R, LeRoy EC. Dipyridamole decreases platelet-derived growth factor levels in human serum. Arteriosclerosis. 1987 Mar-Apr; 7(2):152-8. PMID: 3579723.
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    257. Silver RM, Metcalf JF, LeRoy EC. Interstitial lung disease in scleroderma. Immune complexes in sera and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Arthritis Rheum. 1986 Apr; 29(4):525-31. PMID: 3707630.
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    258. Chen ZY, Fedrick JA, Pandey JP, Silver R, Maricq HR, Fudenberg HH, Dobson RL, Ainsworth SK. Anticentromere antibody and immunoglobulin allotypes in scleroderma. Arch Dermatol. 1985 Mar; 121(3):339-44. PMID: 3883903.
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    259. Chen Z, Maize JC, Silver RM, Dobson RL, Maricq HR, Ainsworth SK. Direct and indirect immunofluorescent findings in dermatomyositis. J Cutan Pathol. 1985 Feb; 12(1):18-27. PMID: 3919071.
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    260. Chen ZY, Maricq HR, Pilia PA, Dobson RL, Silver RM, Ainsworth SK. Fibronectin distribution in nailfold biopsies of scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) patients. Acta Derm Venereol. 1985; 65(3):185-9. PMID: 2411071.
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    261. Chen ZY, Dobson RL, Ainsworth SK, Silver RM, Maricq HR. Epidermal nuclear immunofluorescence: serological correlations supporting an in vivo reaction. Br J Dermatol. 1985 Jan; 112(1):15-22. PMID: 3882123.
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    262. Chen ZY, Dobson RL, Ainsworth SK, Silver RM, Rust PF, Maricq HR. Immunofluorescence in skin specimens from three different biopsy sites in patients with scleroderma. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 1985 Jan-Mar; 3(1):11-6. PMID: 3884202.
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    263. Chen ZY, Silver RM, Ainsworth SK, Dobson RL, Rust P, Maricq HR. Association between fluorescent antinuclear antibodies, capillary patterns, and clinical features in scleroderma spectrum disorders. Am J Med. 1984 Nov; 77(5):812-22. PMID: 6333815.
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    264. Silver RM, Metcalf JF, Stanley JH, LeRoy EC. Interstitial lung disease in scleroderma. Analysis by bronchoalveolar lavage. Arthritis Rheum. 1984 Nov; 27(11):1254-62. PMID: 6497920.
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    265. Chen ZY, Virella G, Tung HE, Ainsworth SK, Silver RM, Wang AC, LaVia MF, Maricq HR, Dobson RL. Immune complexes and antinuclear, antinucleolar, and anticentromere antibodies in scleroderma. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1984 Sep; 11(3):461-7. PMID: 6237134.
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    266. Swartz MO, Silver RM. D-penicillamine induced polymyositis in juvenile chronic arthritis: report of a case. J Rheumatol. 1984 Apr; 11(2):251-2. PMID: 6726729.
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    267. MacIntyre NR, Anderson HR, Silver RM, Schuler FR, Coleman RE. Pulmonary function in mechanically-ventilated patients during 24-hour use of a hygroscopic condensor humidifier. Chest. 1983 Nov; 84(5):560-4. PMID: 6628007.
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    268. Nussbaum AI, Silver RM, Maricq HR. Serial changes in nailfold capillary morphology in childhood dermatomyositis. Arthritis Rheum. 1983 Sep; 26(9):1169-72. PMID: 6615571.
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    269. Silver RM, Redelman D, Zvaifler NJ. Studies of rheumatoid synovial fluid lymphocytes. II. A comparison of their behavior with blood mononuclear cells in the autologous mixed lymphocyte reaction and response to TCGF. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1983 Apr; 27(1):15-27. PMID: 6223751.
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    270. Silver RM. The medical management of rheumatoid arthritis. J S C Med Assoc. 1982 Nov; 78(11):593-8. PMID: 6960213.
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    271. Silver RM, Redelman D, Zvaifler NJ, Naides S. Studies of rheumatoid synovial fluid lymphocytes. I. Evidence for activated natural killer- (NK) like cells. J Immunol. 1982 Apr; 128(4):1758-63. PMID: 6460811.
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