Christine Melnyk Litwin

Title
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentPathology and Laboratory Medicine
AddressP.O. Box MSC 908
Suite 324G, MSC 908
Children's Hospital - 165 Ashley Ave.
Phone843-792-5195
Fax843-792-1248
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Rourk AR, Litwin CM. Evaluation of the BioPlex 2200 syphilis total screen (IgG/IgM) with reflex to an automated rapid plasma reagin test. J Clin Lab Anal. 2019 Jun; 33(5):e22878. PMID: 30861169.
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    2. Newman CN, Litwin CM, Bowlby DA, Lewis KA, Paulo RC. Hemoglobin Providence (ß82 Lys > Asn, Asp) and lower-than-expected HbA1c in a nonadherent teenager with type 1 diabetes: a case report and literature review. Clin Case Rep. 2017 12; 5(12):2000-2002. PMID: 29225844.
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    3. Binder SR, Litwin CM. Anti-phospholipid Antibodies and Smoking: An Overview. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2017 Aug; 53(1):1-13. PMID: 27377297.
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    4. Litwin CM, Rourk AR. Anti-ENA antibody profiles in patients with hepatitis C virus infection. J Clin Lab Anal. 2018 Mar; 32(3). PMID: 28605141.
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    5. Rourk AR, Nolte FS, Litwin CM. Performance Characteristics of the Reverse Syphilis Screening Algorithm in a Population With a Moderately High Prevalence of Syphilis. Am J Clin Pathol. 2016 Nov 01; 146(5):572-577. PMID: 27773873.
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    6. Litwin CM, Binder SR. ANA testing in the presence of acute and chronic infections. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2016; 37(5):439-52. PMID: 27050929.
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    7. She RC, Litwin CM. Performance of a Tuberculosis Serologic Assay in Various Patient Populations. Am J Clin Pathol. 2015 Aug; 144(2):240-6. PMID: 26185308.
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    8. Franken AA, Oliver JH, Litwin CM. Comparison of a combined nontreponemal (VDRL) and treponemal immunoblot to traditional nontreponemal and treponemal assays. J Clin Lab Anal. 2015 Jan; 29(1):68-73. PMID: 24390867.
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    9. Litwin CM, Asebiomo B, Wilson K, Hafez M, Stevens V, Fliermans CB, Fields BS, Fisher JF. Recreational vehicle water tanks as a possible source for legionella infections. Case Rep Infect Dis. 2013; 2013:286347. PMID: 24371531.
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    10. Welch RJ, Chang GJ, Litwin CM. Comparison of a commercial dengue IgM capture ELISA with dengue antigen focus reduction microneutralization test and the Centers for Disease Control dengue IgM capture-ELISA. J Virol Methods. 2014 Jan; 195:247-9. PMID: 24161816.
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    11. Litwin CM, Bosley JG. Seasonality and prevalence of respiratory pathogens detected by multiplex PCR at a tertiary care medical center. Arch Virol. 2014 Jan; 159(1):65-72. PMID: 23881085.
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    12. Welch RJ, Lawless KM, Litwin CM. Antituberculosis IgG antibodies as a marker of active Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Apr; 19(4):522-6. PMID: 22301692.
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    13. Karris MY, Litwin CM, Dong HS, Vinetz J. Bartonella henselae infection of prosthetic aortic valve associated with colitis. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011 Nov; 11(11):1503-5. PMID: 21702667.
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    14. Merrigan SD, Welch RJ, Litwin CM. Comparison of Western immunobloting to an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the determination of anti-Bordetella pertussis antibodies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2011 Apr; 18(4):615-20. PMID: 21307277.
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    15. She RC, Welch R, Wilson AR, Davis D, Litwin CM. Correlation of Chlamydia and Chlamydophila spp. IgG and IgM antibodies by microimmunofluorescence with antigen detection methods. J Clin Lab Anal. 2011; 25(4):305-8. PMID: 21786334.
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    16. She RC, Thurber A, Hymas WC, Stevenson J, Langer J, Litwin CM, Petti CA. Limited utility of culture for Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae for diagnosis of respiratory tract infections. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 48(9):3380-2. PMID: 20610673.
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    17. Welch RJ, Litwin CM. A comparison of Brucella IgG and IgM ELISA assays with agglutination methodology. J Clin Lab Anal. 2010; 24(3):160-2. PMID: 20486196.
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    18. Welch RJ, Litwin CM. Evaluation of two immunoblot assays and a Western blot assay for the detection of antisyphilis immunoglobulin g antibodies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010 Jan; 17(1):183-4. PMID: 19940043.
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    19. She RC, Wilson AR, Litwin CM. Evaluation of Helicobacter pylori Immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA, and IgM serologic testing compared to stool antigen testing. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Aug; 16(8):1253-5. PMID: 19515865.
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    20. Welch RJ, Anderson BL, Litwin CM. An evaluation of two commercially available ELISAs and one in-house reference laboratory ELISA for the determination of human anti-rabies virus antibodies. J Med Microbiol. 2009 Jun; 58(Pt 6):806-810. PMID: 19429758.
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    21. Martins TB, Welch RJ, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Comparison of a multiplexed herpes simplex virus type-specific immunoglobulin G serology assay to immunoblot, Western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Jan; 16(1):55-60. PMID: 19020107.
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    22. Anderson BL, Welch RJ, Litwin CM. Assessment of three commercially available serologic assays for detection of antibodies to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and identification of active tuberculosis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2008 Nov; 15(11):1644-9. PMID: 18827190.
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    23. Welch RJ, Anderson BL, Litwin CM. Rapid immunochromatographic strip test for detection of anti-K39 immunoglobulin G antibodies for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2008 Sep; 15(9):1483-4. PMID: 18632926.
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    24. Tebo AE, Jaskowski TD, Phansalkar AR, Litwin CM, Branch DW, Hill HR. Diagnostic performance of phospholipid-specific assays for the evaluation of antiphospholipid syndrome. Am J Clin Pathol. 2008 Jun; 129(6):870-5. PMID: 18480002.
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    25. Martins TB, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Evaluation of a multiplex fluorescent microsphere immunoassay for the determination of epstein-barr virus serologic status. Am J Clin Pathol. 2008 Jan; 129(1):34-41. PMID: 18089487.
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    26. Welch RJ, Anderson BL, Litwin CM. Evaluation of a new commercial enzyme immunoassay for the detection of IgM antibodies to West Nile virus using a ratio method to eliminate nonspecific reactivity. J Clin Lab Anal. 2008; 22(5):362-6. PMID: 18803272.
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    27. Litwin CM, Rawlins ML, Swenson EM. Characterization of an immunogenic outer membrane autotransporter protein, Arp, of Bartonella henselae. Infect Immun. 2007 Nov; 75(11):5255-63. PMID: 17785470.
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    28. Litwin CM. In vitro gamma interferon tests for the detection of tuberculosis infection. J Immunotoxicol. 2007 Jul; 4(3):219-24. PMID: 18958731.
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    29. Jaskowski TD, Prince HE, Greer RW, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Further comparisons of assays for detecting MAG IgM autoantibodies. J Neuroimmunol. 2007 Jul; 187(1-2):175-8. PMID: 17537521.
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    30. Rawlins ML, Swenson EM, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Evaluation of an enzyme immunoassay for detection of immunoglobulin M antibodies to West Nile virus and the importance of background subtraction in detecting nonspecific reactivity. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2007 Jun; 14(6):665-8. PMID: 17428953.
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    31. She RC, Stevenson J, Phansalkar AR, Hillyard DR, Litwin CM, Petti CA. Limitations of polymerase chain reaction testing for diagnosing acute Epstein-Barr virus infections. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 Jul; 58(3):333-5. PMID: 17376631.
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    32. Tebo AE, Jaskowski TD, Keith LL, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Comparison of immune assays for the detection of anti-HSP70 antibodies in patients with idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss. Clin Chim Acta. 2007 Jun; 381(2):140-4. PMID: 17434470.
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    33. She RC, Rawlins ML, Mohl R, Perkins SL, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Comparison of immunofluorescence antibody testing and two enzyme immunoassays in the serologic diagnosis of malaria. J Travel Med. 2007 Mar-Apr; 14(2):105-11. PMID: 17367480.
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    34. Jaskowski TD, Konnick EQ, Ashwood ER, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Prevalence of IgG autoantibody against F-actin in patients suspected of having autoimmune or acute viral hepatitis. J Clin Lab Anal. 2007; 21(4):249-53. PMID: 17621360.
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    35. Owen WE, Martins TB, Litwin CM, Roberts WL. Performance characteristics of six IMMULITE 2000 TORCH assays. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006 Dec; 126(6):900-5. PMID: 17074686.
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    36. Tebo AE, Szankasi P, Hillman TA, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Antibody reactivity to heat shock protein 70 and inner ear-specific proteins in patients with idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss. Clin Exp Immunol. 2006 Dec; 146(3):427-32. PMID: 17100761.
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    37. Jaskowski TD, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Analysis of serum antibodies in patients suspected of having inflammatory bowel disease. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2006 Jun; 13(6):655-60. PMID: 16760323.
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    38. Taggart EW, Hill HR, Martins TB, Litwin CM. Comparison of complement fixation with two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the detection of antibodies to respiratory viral antigens. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006 Mar; 125(3):460-6. PMID: 16613352.
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    39. Taggart EW, Hill HR, Ruegner RG, Litwin CM. Evaluation of an in vitro assay for interferon gamma production in response to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis-synthesized peptide antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10 and the PPD skin test. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006 Mar; 125(3):467-73. PMID: 16613353.
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    40. Malan AK, Avelar E, Litwin SE, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Serological diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi: evaluation of three enzyme immunoassays and an indirect immunofluorescent assay. J Med Microbiol. 2006 Feb; 55(Pt 2):171-178. PMID: 16434709.
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    41. Jaskowski TD, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Detection of kappa and lambda light chain monoclonal proteins in human serum: automated immunoassay versus immunofixation electrophoresis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2006 Feb; 13(2):277-80. PMID: 16467338.
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    42. Rawlins ML, Gerstner C, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Evaluation of a western blot method for the detection of Yersinia antibodies: evidence of serological cross-reactivity between Yersinia outer membrane proteins and Borrelia burgdorferi. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005 Nov; 12(11):1269-74. PMID: 16275939.
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    43. Litwin CM, Johnson JM. Identification, cloning, and expression of the CAMP-like factor autotransporter gene (cfa) of Bartonella henselae. Infect Immun. 2005 Jul; 73(7):4205-13. PMID: 15972511.
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    44. Litwin CM, Johnson JM, Martins TB. The Bartonella henselae sucB gene encodes a dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase protein reactive with sera from patients with cat-scratch disease. J Med Microbiol. 2004 Dec; 53(Pt 12):1221-1227. PMID: 15585501.
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    45. Martins TB, Burlingame R, von Mühlen CA, Jaskowski TD, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Evaluation of multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay for detection of autoantibodies to nuclear antigens. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Nov; 11(6):1054-9. PMID: 15539505.
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    46. Taggart EW, Hill HR, Ruegner RG, Martins TB, Litwin CM. Evaluation of an in vitro assay for gamma interferon production in response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Nov; 11(6):1089-93. PMID: 15539511.
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    47. Dunn JJ, Malan AK, Evans J, Litwin CM. Rapid detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae IgM antibodies in pediatric patients using ImmunoCard Mycoplasma compared to conventional enzyme immunoassays. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004 May; 23(5):412-4. PMID: 15112064.
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    48. Martins TB, Pasi BM, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Heterophile antibody interference in a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay for quantitation of cytokines in human serum. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Mar; 11(2):325-9. PMID: 15013983.
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    49. Malan AK, Martins TB, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Evaluations of commercial West Nile virus immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM enzyme immunoassays show the value of continuous validation. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Feb; 42(2):727-33. PMID: 14766844.
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    50. Jaskowski TD, Martins TB, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Immunoglobulin (Ig) M antibody against myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG): A comparison of methods. J Clin Lab Anal. 2004; 18(4):247-50. PMID: 15202118.
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    51. Litwin CM. Pet-transmitted infections: diagnosis by microbiologic and immunologic methods. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Sep; 22(9):768-77. PMID: 14506366.
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    52. Malan AK, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Comparison of two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with an immunofluorescence assay for detection of Legionella pneumophila types 1 to 6. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Jul; 41(7):3060-3. PMID: 12843044.
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    53. Malan AK, Stipanovich PJ, Martins TB, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Detection of IgG and IgM to West Nile virus. Development of an immunofluorescence assay. Am J Clin Pathol. 2003 Apr; 119(4):508-15. PMID: 12710123.
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    54. Martins TB, Pasi BM, Pickering JW, Jaskowski TD, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Determination of cytokine responses using a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay. Am J Clin Pathol. 2002 Sep; 118(3):346-53. PMID: 12219776.
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    55. Pickering JW, Martins TB, Greer RW, Schroder MC, Astill ME, Litwin CM, Hildreth SW, Hill HR. A multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay for antibodies to pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides. Am J Clin Pathol. 2002 Apr; 117(4):589-96. PMID: 11939734.
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    56. Jaskowski TD, Martins TB, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Comparison of four enzyme immunoassays for the detection of immunoglobulin G antibody against glomerular basement membrane. J Clin Lab Anal. 2002; 16(3):143-5. PMID: 11968051.
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    57. Litwin CM, Quackenbush J. Characterization of a Vibrio vulnificus LysR homologue, HupR, which regulates expression of the haem uptake outer membrane protein, HupA. Microb Pathog. 2001 Dec; 31(6):295-307. PMID: 11747377.
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    58. Willman JH, Hill HR, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Ashwood ER, Litwin CM. Multiplex analysis of heterophil antibodies in patients with indeterminate HIV immunoassay results. Am J Clin Pathol. 2001 May; 115(5):764-9. PMID: 11345842.
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    59. Martins TB, Woolstenhulme RD, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Comparison of four enzyme immunoassays with a western blot assay for the determination of type-specific antibodies to herpes simplex virus. Am J Clin Pathol. 2001 Feb; 115(2):272-7. PMID: 11211617.
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    60. Jaskowski TD, Schroder C, Martins TB, Litwin CM, Hill HR. IgA antibodies against endomysium and transglutaminase: a comparison of methods. J Clin Lab Anal. 2001; 15(3):108-11. PMID: 11344523.
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    61. Martins TB, Hillyard DR, Litwin CM, Taggart EW, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR. Evaluation of a PCR probe capture assay for the detection of Toxoplasma gondii. Incorporation of uracil N-glycosylase for contamination control. Am J Clin Pathol. 2000 May; 113(5):714-21. PMID: 10800405.
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    62. Webster AC, Litwin CM. Cloning and characterization of vuuA, a gene encoding the Vibrio vulnificus ferric vulnibactin receptor. Infect Immun. 2000 Feb; 68(2):526-34. PMID: 10639413.
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    63. Litwin CM, Anderson SK, Philipps G, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR. Comparison of capillary zone and immunosubtraction with agarose gel and immunofixation electrophoresis for detecting and identifying monoclonal gammopathies. Am J Clin Pathol. 1999 Sep; 112(3):411-7. PMID: 10478148.
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    64. Willman JH, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Heterophile antibodies to bovine and caprine proteins causing false-positive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and other enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1999 Jul; 6(4):615-6. PMID: 10391873.
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    65. Litwin SE, Katz SE, Litwin CM, Morgan JP, Douglas PS. Gender differences in postinfarction left ventricular remodeling. Cardiology. 1999; 91(3):173-83. PMID: 10516411.
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    66. Jaskowski TD, Martins TB, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Comparison of three different methods for measuring classical pathway complement activity. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1999 Jan; 6(1):137-9. PMID: 9874678.
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    67. Litwin CM, Byrne BL. Cloning and characterization of an outer membrane protein of Vibrio vulnificus required for heme utilization: regulation of expression and determination of the gene sequence. Infect Immun. 1998 Jul; 66(7):3134-41. PMID: 9632577.
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    68. Martins TB, Litwin CM, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR. Comparison of an inhalant allergy immunoassay with allergen specific IgE determinations in human serum. J Clin Lab Anal. 1998; 12(4):213-7. PMID: 9671172.
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    69. Litwin CM, Hill HR. Serologic and DNA-based testing for congenital and perinatal infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997 Dec; 16(12):1166-75. PMID: 9427464.
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    70. Jaskowski TD, Martins TB, Hill HR, Litwin CM. Immunoglobulin A antibodies to Helicobacter pylori. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Nov; 35(11):2999-3000. PMID: 9350779.
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    71. Litwin CM, Martins TB, Hill HR. Immunologic response to Bartonella henselae as determined by enzyme immunoassay and Western blot analysis. Am J Clin Pathol. 1997 Aug; 108(2):202-9. PMID: 9260762.
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    72. Mouritsen CL, Litwin CM, Maiese RL, Segal SM, Segal GH. Rapid polymerase chain reaction-based detection of the causative agent of cat scratch disease (Bartonella henselae) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Hum Pathol. 1997 Jul; 28(7):820-6. PMID: 9224751.
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    73. Litwin CM, Leonard RB, Carroll KC, Drummond WK, Pavia AT. Characterization of endemic strains of Shigella sonnei by use of plasmid DNA analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to detect patterns of transmission. J Infect Dis. 1997 Apr; 175(4):864-70. PMID: 9086142.
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    74. Mouritsen CL, Wittwer CT, Reed G, Khan TM, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Detection of Epstein-Barr viral DNA in serum using rapid-cycle PCR. Biochem Mol Med. 1997 Apr; 60(2):161-8. PMID: 9169098.
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    75. Litwin CM, Mouritsen CL, Wilfahrt PA, Schroder MC, Hill HR. Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease: role of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in diagnosis. Biochem Mol Med. 1996 Oct; 59(1):52-6. PMID: 8902194.
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    76. Litwin CM, Rayback TW, Skinner J. Role of catechol siderophore synthesis in Vibrio vulnificus virulence. Infect Immun. 1996 Jul; 64(7):2834-8. PMID: 8698519.
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    77. Mouritsen CL, Wittwer CT, Litwin CM, Yang L, Weis JJ, Martins TB, Jaskowski TD, Hill HR. Polymerase chain reaction detection of Lyme disease: correlation with clinical manifestations and serologic responses. Am J Clin Pathol. 1996 May; 105(5):647-54. PMID: 8623775.
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    78. Jaskowski TD, Schroder C, Martins TB, Mouritsen CL, Litwin CM, Hill HR. Screening for antinuclear antibodies by enzyme immunoassay. Am J Clin Pathol. 1996 Apr; 105(4):468-73. PMID: 8604689.
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    79. Lam MS, Litwin CM, Carroll PA, Calderwood SB. Vibrio cholerae fur mutations associated with loss of repressor activity: implications for the structural-functional relationships of fur. J Bacteriol. 1994 Aug; 176(16):5108-15. PMID: 8051024.
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    80. Freye HB, Litwin CM. Hymenoptera sensitivity occurring in families. Allergy Proc. 1994 Mar-Apr; 15(2):53-6. PMID: 8034187.
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    81. Litwin CM, Calderwood SB. Cloning and genetic analysis of the Vibrio vulnificus fur gene and construction of a fur mutant by in vivo marker exchange. J Bacteriol. 1993 Feb; 175(3):706-15. PMID: 7678593.
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    82. Lew J, Beaudette K, Litwin CM, Wang JH. Purification and characterization of a novel proline-directed protein kinase from bovine brain. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jul 05; 267(19):13383-90. PMID: 1618840.
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    83. Litwin CM, Boyko SA, Calderwood SB. Cloning, sequencing, and transcriptional regulation of the Vibrio cholerae fur gene. J Bacteriol. 1992 Mar; 174(6):1897-903. PMID: 1372314.
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    84. Litwin CM, Cheng HC, Wang JH. Purification and characterization of a pp60c-src-related tyrosine kinase that effectively phosphorylates a synthetic peptide derived from p34cdc2. J Biol Chem. 1991 Feb 05; 266(4):2557-66. PMID: 1703531.
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    85. Litwin CM, Storm AL, Chipowsky S, Ryan KJ. Molecular epidemiology of Shigella infections: plasmid profiles, serotype correlation, and restriction endonuclease analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 1991 Jan; 29(1):104-8. PMID: 1847148.
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    86. Edwards L, Ray CG, Meltzer P, Litwin CM, Sobonya RE, Chipowsky S. Wasting disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1988 Oct; 7(10):719-24. PMID: 2847110.
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