Baerbel Rohrer

TitleEndowed Chair, Gene & Pharmaceutical Treatment of Retinal Degenerative Disease
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentOphthalmology
AddressP.O. Box MSC 676
614
167 Ashley Ave.
Phone843-792-5086
Fax843-792-1723
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse awards and honors
    2013Innovation Award, MUSC Foundation for Research Development (FRD)

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse keywords
    Ophthalmology, macular degeneration, Retinal Degenerative Diseases, Gene and Pharmaceutical Treatment

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Perron NR, Nasarre C, Bandyopadhyay M, Beeson CC, Rohrer B. SAHA is neuroprotective in in vitro and in situ models of retinitis pigmentosa. Mol Vis. 2021; 27:151-160. PMID: 33907370.
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    2. Borucki DM, Toutonji A, Couch C, Mallah K, Rohrer B, Tomlinson S. Complement-Mediated Microglial Phagocytosis and Pathological Changes in the Development and Degeneration of the Visual System. Front Immunol. 2020; 11:566892. PMID: 33072106.
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    3. Moody KJ, Tinklepaugh J, Obert E, Grohn K, DeRosa JR, Lumen E, Moyer BS, Campbell S, Wolfe AJ, Sleeper MB, Bianchi AH, Fisher C, Applegate J, Leary E, LeClair N, Wortel D, Doyle RP, Rohrer B, Blanden AR. Recombinant Manganese Peroxidase Reduces A2E Burden in Age-Related and Stargardt's Macular Degeneration Models. Rejuvenation Res. 2018 Dec; 21(6):560-571. PMID: 30516450.
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    4. Rohrer B. Anaphylatoxin Signaling in Retinal Pigment and Choroidal Endothelial Cells: Characteristics and Relevance to Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2018; 1074:45-51. PMID: 29721926.
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    5. Sharma AK, Rohrer B. Calcium-induced calpain mediates apoptosis via caspase-3 in a mouse photoreceptor cell line. J Biol Chem. 2017 08 11; 292(32):13186. PMID: 28801351.
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    6. Bowers JS, Nelson MH, Majchrzak K, Bailey SR, Rohrer B, Kaiser AD, Atkinson C, Gattinoni L, Paulos CM. Th17 cells are refractory to senescence and retain robust antitumor activity after long-term ex vivo expansion. JCI Insight. 2017 03 09; 2(5):e90772. PMID: 28289713.
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    7. Smith AW, Rohrer B, Wheless L, Samantaray S, Ray SK, Inoue J, Azuma M, Banik NL. Calpain inhibition reduces structural and functional impairment of retinal ganglion cells in experimental optic neuritis. J Neurochem. 2016 10; 139(2):270-284. PMID: 27513991.
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    8. Holers VM, Tomlinson S, Kulik L, Atkinson C, Rohrer B, Banda N, Thurman JM. New therapeutic and diagnostic opportunities for injured tissue-specific targeting of complement inhibitors and imaging modalities. Semin Immunol. 2016 06; 28(3):260-7. PMID: 27282113.
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    9. Woodell A, Jones BW, Williamson T, Schnabolk G, Tomlinson S, Atkinson C, Rohrer B. A Targeted Inhibitor of the Alternative Complement Pathway Accelerates Recovery From Smoke-Induced Ocular Injury. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Apr; 57(4):1728-37. PMID: 27064393.
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    10. Coughlin B, Schnabolk G, Joseph K, Raikwar H, Kunchithapautham K, Johnson K, Moore K, Wang Y, Rohrer B. Connecting the innate and adaptive immune responses in mouse choroidal neovascularization via the anaphylatoxin C5a and ?dT-cells. Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 31; 6:23794. PMID: 27029558.
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    11. Pujol-Lereis LM, Schäfer N, Kuhn LB, Rohrer B, Pauly D. Interrelation Between Oxidative Stress and Complement Activation in Models of Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016; 854:87-93. PMID: 26427398.
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    12. Beeson C, Lindsey C, Nasarre C, Bandyopadhyay M, Perron N, Rohrer B. Small Molecules that Protect Mitochondrial Function from Metabolic Stress Decelerate Loss of Photoreceptor Cells in Murine Retinal Degeneration Models. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016; 854:449-54. PMID: 26427445.
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    13. Rohrer B, Bandyopadhyay M, Beeson C. Reduced Metabolic Capacity in Aged Primary Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) is Correlated with Increased Susceptibility to Oxidative Stress. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016; 854:793-8. PMID: 26427491.
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    14. Klionsky DJ, Abdelmohsen K, Abe A, Abedin MJ, Abeliovich H, Acevedo Arozena A, Adachi H, Adams CM, Adams PD, Adeli K, Adhihetty PJ, Adler SG, Agam G, Agarwal R, Aghi MK, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguilar PV, Aguirre-Ghiso J, Airoldi EM, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akporiaye ET, Al-Rubeai M, Albaiceta GM, Albanese C, Albani D, Albert ML, Aldudo J, Algül H, Alirezaei M, Alloza I, Almasan A, Almonte-Beceril M, Alnemri ES, Alonso C, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Alvarez S, Alvarez-Erviti L, Alves S, Amadoro G, Amano A, Amantini C, Ambrosio S, Amelio I, Amer AO, Amessou M, Amon A, An Z, Anania FA, Andersen SU, Andley UP, Andreadi CK, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anel A, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Antonioli M, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Aquila S, Aquilano K, Araki K, Arama E, Aranda A, Araya J, Arcaro A, Arias E, Arimoto H, Ariosa AR, Armstrong JL, Arnould T, Arsov I, Asanuma K, Askanas V, Asselin E, Atarashi R, Atherton SS, Atkin JD, Attardi LD, Auberger P, Auburger G, Aurelian L, Autelli R, Avagliano L, Avantaggiati ML, Avrahami L, Awale S, Azad N, Bachetti T, Backer JM, Bae DH, Bae JS, Bae ON, Bae SH, Baehrecke EH, Baek SH, Baghdiguian S, Bagniewska-Zadworna A, Bai H, Bai J, Bai XY, Bailly Y, Balaji KN, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Balzan R, Banerjee R, Bánhegyi G, Bao H, Barbeau B, Barrachina MD, Barreiro E, Bartel B, Bartolomé A, Bassham DC, Bassi MT, Bast RC, Basu A, Batista MT, Batoko H, Battino M, Bauckman K, Baumgarner BL, Bayer KU, Beale R, Beaulieu JF, Beck GR, Becker C, Beckham JD, Bédard PA, Bednarski PJ, Begley TJ, Behl C, Behrends C, Behrens GM, Behrns KE, Bejarano E, Belaid A, Belleudi F, Bénard G, Berchem G, Bergamaschi D, Bergami M, Berkhout B, Berliocchi L, Bernard A, Bernard M, Bernassola F, Bertolotti A, Bess AS, Besteiro S, Bettuzzi S, Bhalla S, Bhattacharyya S, Bhutia SK, Biagosch C, Bianchi MW, Biard-Piechaczyk M, Billes V, Bincoletto C, Bingol B, Bird SW, Bitoun M, Bjedov I, Blackstone C, Blanc L, Blanco GA, Blomhoff HK, Boada-Romero E, Böckler S, Boes M, Boesze-Battaglia K, Boise LH, Bolino A, Boman A, Bonaldo P, Bordi M, Bosch J, Botana LM, Botti J, Bou G, Bouché M, Bouchecareilh M, Boucher MJ, Boulton ME, Bouret SG, Boya P, Boyer-Guittaut M, Bozhkov PV, Brady N, Braga VM, Brancolini C, Braus GH, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Brennan LA, Bresnick EH, Brest P, Bridges D, Bringer MA, Brini M, Brito GC, Brodin B, Brookes PS, Brown EJ, Brown K, Broxmeyer HE, Bruhat A, Brum PC, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Buch S, Buchan AM, Budak H, Bulavin DV, Bultman SJ, Bultynck G, Bumbasirevic V, Burelle Y, Burke RE, Burmeister M, Bütikofer P, Caberlotto L, Cadwell K, Cahova M, Cai D, Cai J, Cai Q, Calatayud S, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campbell GR, Campbell M, Campello S, Candau R, Caniggia I, Cantoni L, Cao L, Caplan AB, Caraglia M, Cardinali C, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carleton LA, Carlin CR, Carloni S, Carlsson SR, Carmona-Gutierrez D, Carneiro LA, Carnevali O, Carra S, Carrier A, Carroll B, Casas C, Casas J, Cassinelli G, Castets P, Castro-Obregon S, Cavallini G, Ceccherini I, Cecconi F, Cederbaum AI, Ceña V, Cenci S, Cerella C, Cervia D, Cetrullo S, Chaachouay H, Chae HJ, Chagin AS, Chai CY, Chakrabarti G, Chamilos G, Chan EY, Chan MT, Chandra D, Chandra P, Chang CP, Chang RC, Chang TY, Chatham JC, Chatterjee S, Chauhan S, Che Y, Cheetham ME, Cheluvappa R, Chen CJ, Chen G, Chen GC, Chen G, Chen H, Chen JW, Chen JK, Chen M, Chen M, Chen P, Chen Q, Chen Q, Chen SD, Chen S, Chen SS, Chen W, Chen WJ, Chen WQ, Chen W, Chen X, Chen YH, Chen YG, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen YJ, Chen YQ, Chen Y, Chen Z, Chen Z, Cheng A, Cheng CH, Cheng H, Cheong H, Cherry S, Chesney J, Cheung CH, Chevet E, Chi HC, Chi SG, Chiacchiera F, Chiang HL, Chiarelli R, Chiariello M, Chieppa M, Chin LS, Chiong M, Chiu GN, Cho DH, Cho SG, Cho WC, Cho YY, Cho YS, Choi AM, Choi EJ, Choi EK, Choi J, Choi ME, Choi SI, Chou TF, Chouaib S, Choubey D, Choubey V, Chow KC, Chowdhury K, Chu CT, Chuang TH, Chun T, Chung H, Chung T, Chung YL, Chwae YJ, Cianfanelli V, et al. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition). Autophagy. 2016; 12(1):1-222. PMID: 26799652.
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    15. Schnabolk G, Coughlin B, Joseph K, Kunchithapautham K, Bandyopadhyay M, O'Quinn EC, Nowling T, Rohrer B. Local production of the alternative pathway component factor B is sufficient to promote laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Jan 15; 56(3):1850-63. PMID: 25593023.
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    16. Genewsky A, Jost I, Busch C, Huber C, Stindl J, Skerka C, Zipfel PF, Rohrer B, Strauß O. Activation of endogenously expressed ion channels by active complement in the retinal pigment epithelium. Pflugers Arch. 2015 Oct; 467(10):2179-91. PMID: 25427445.
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    17. Leonard AP, Cameron RB, Speiser JL, Wolf BJ, Peterson YK, Schnellmann RG, Beeson CC, Rohrer B. Quantitative analysis of mitochondrial morphology and membrane potential in living cells using high-content imaging, machine learning, and morphological binning. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Feb; 1853(2):348-60. PMID: 25447550.
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    18. Schnabolk G, Stauffer K, O'Quinn E, Coughlin B, Kunchithapautham K, Rohrer B. A comparative analysis of C57BL/6J and 6N substrains; chemokine/cytokine expression and susceptibility to laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Exp Eye Res. 2014 Dec; 129:18-23. PMID: 25305577.
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    19. Kunchithapautham K, Atkinson C, Rohrer B. Smoke exposure causes endoplasmic reticulum stress and lipid accumulation in retinal pigment epithelium through oxidative stress and complement activation. J Biol Chem. 2014 May 23; 289(21):14534-46. PMID: 24711457.
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    20. Schnabolk G, Tomlinson S, Rohrer B. The complement regulatory protein CD59: insights into attenuation of choroidal neovascularization. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014; 801:435-40. PMID: 24664728.
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    21. Rohrer B, Kunchithapautham K, Genewsky A, Strauß O. Prolonged SRC kinase activation, a mechanism to turn transient, sublytic complement activation into a sustained pathological condition in retinal pigment epithelium cells. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014; 801:221-7. PMID: 24664702.
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    22. Woodell A, Rohrer B. A mechanistic review of cigarette smoke and age-related macular degeneration. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014; 801:301-7. PMID: 24664711.
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    23. Woodell A, Coughlin B, Kunchithapautham K, Casey S, Williamson T, Ferrell WD, Atkinson C, Jones BW, Rohrer B. Alternative complement pathway deficiency ameliorates chronic smoke-induced functional and morphological ocular injury. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e67894. PMID: 23825688.
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    24. Bandyopadhyay M, Kono M, Rohrer B. Explant cultures of Rpe65-/- mouse retina: a model to investigate cone opsin trafficking. Mol Vis. 2013; 19:1149-57. PMID: 23734084.
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    25. Joseph K, Kulik L, Coughlin B, Kunchithapautham K, Bandyopadhyay M, Thiel S, Thielens NM, Holers VM, Rohrer B. Oxidative stress sensitizes retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells to complement-mediated injury in a natural antibody-, lectin pathway-, and phospholipid epitope-dependent manner. J Biol Chem. 2013 May 03; 288(18):12753-65. PMID: 23493397.
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    26. Richards AJ, Schwacke JH, Rohrer B, Cowart LA, Lu X. Revealing functionally coherent subsets using a spectral clustering and an information integration approach. BMC Syst Biol. 2012; 6 Suppl 3:S7. PMID: 23282411.
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    27. Perron NR, Beeson C, Rohrer B. Early alterations in mitochondrial reserve capacity; a means to predict subsequent photoreceptor cell death. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2013 Feb; 45(1-2):101-9. PMID: 23090843.
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    28. Bandyopadhyay M, Rohrer B. Matrix metalloproteinase activity creates pro-angiogenic environment in primary human retinal pigment epithelial cells exposed to complement. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Apr 18; 53(4):1953-61. PMID: 22408008.
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    29. Rohrer B, Coughlin B, Bandyopadhyay M, Holers VM. Systemic human CR2-targeted complement alternative pathway inhibitor ameliorates mouse laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Aug; 28(4):402-9. PMID: 22309197.
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    30. Kunchithapautham K, Bandyopadhyay M, Dahrouj M, Thurman JM, Rohrer B. Sublytic membrane-attack-complex activation and VEGF secretion in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012; 723:23-30. PMID: 22183311.
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    31. Smith AW, Das A, Guyton MK, Ray SK, Rohrer B, Banik NL. Calpain inhibition attenuates apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells in acute optic neuritis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jul 01; 52(7):4935-41. PMID: 21613375.
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    32. Kunchithapautham K, Rohrer B. Sublytic membrane-attack-complex (MAC) activation alters regulated rather than constitutive vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion in retinal pigment epithelium monolayers. J Biol Chem. 2011 Jul 08; 286(27):23717-24. PMID: 21566137.
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    33. Kunchithapautham K, Coughlin B, Lemasters JJ, Rohrer B. Differential effects of rapamycin on rods and cones during light-induced stress in albino mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 May 05; 52(6):2967-75. PMID: 21273550.
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    34. Potter KA, Kern MJ, Fullbright G, Bielawski J, Scherer SS, Yum SW, Li JJ, Cheng H, Han X, Venkata JK, Khan PA, Rohrer B, Hama H. Central nervous system dysfunction in a mouse model of FA2H deficiency. Glia. 2011 Jul; 59(7):1009-21. PMID: 21491498.
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    35. Rohrer B, Coughlin B, Kunchithapautham K, Long Q, Tomlinson S, Takahashi K, Holers VM. The alternative pathway is required, but not alone sufficient, for retinal pathology in mouse laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Mol Immunol. 2011 Mar; 48(6-7):e1-8. PMID: 21257205.
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    36. Granholm AC, Zaman V, Godbee J, Smith M, Ramadan R, Umphlet C, Randall P, Bhat NR, Rohrer B, Middaugh LD, Boger HA. Prenatal LPS increases inflammation in the substantia nigra of Gdnf heterozygous mice. Brain Pathol. 2011 May; 21(3):330-48. PMID: 20969653.
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    37. Boger HA, Mannangatti P, Samuvel DJ, Saylor AJ, Bender TS, McGinty JF, Fortress AM, Zaman V, Huang P, Middaugh LD, Randall PK, Jayanthi LD, Rohrer B, Helke KL, Granholm AC, Ramamoorthy S. Effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on dopaminergic function and motor behavior during aging. Genes Brain Behav. 2011 Mar; 10(2):186-98. PMID: 20860702.
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    38. Chen YA, Almeida JS, Richards AJ, Müller P, Carroll RJ, Rohrer B. A nonparametric approach to detect nonlinear correlation in gene expression. J Comput Graph Stat. 2010 Sep 01; 19(3):552-568. PMID: 20877445.
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    39. Bandyopadhyay M, Rohrer B. Photoreceptor structure and function is maintained in organotypic cultures of mouse retinas. Mol Vis. 2010 Jun 26; 16:1178-85. PMID: 20664685.
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    40. Richards AJ, Muller B, Shotwell M, Cowart LA, Rohrer B, Lu X. Assessing the functional coherence of gene sets with metrics based on the Gene Ontology graph. Bioinformatics. 2010 Jun 15; 26(12):i79-87. PMID: 20529941.
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    41. Fan J, Sakurai K, Chen CK, Rohrer B, Wu BX, Yau KW, Kefalov V, Crouch RK. Deletion of GRK1 causes retina degeneration through a transducin-independent mechanism. J Neurosci. 2010 Feb 17; 30(7):2496-503. PMID: 20164334.
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    42. Rohrer B, Long Q, Coughlin B, Renner B, Huang Y, Kunchithapautham K, Ferreira VP, Pangburn MK, Gilkeson GS, Thurman JM, Tomlinson S, Holers VM. A targeted inhibitor of the complement alternative pathway reduces RPE injury and angiogenesis in models of age-related macular degeneration. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010; 703:137-49. PMID: 20711712.
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    43. Kunchithapautham K, Coughlin B, Crouch RK, Rohrer B. Cone outer segment morphology and cone function in the Rpe65-/- Nrl-/- mouse retina are amenable to retinoid replacement. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Oct; 50(10):4858-64. PMID: 19407011.
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    44. Rohrer B, Long Q, Coughlin B, Wilson RB, Huang Y, Qiao F, Tang PH, Kunchithapautham K, Gilkeson GS, Tomlinson S. A targeted inhibitor of the alternative complement pathway reduces angiogenesis in a mouse model of age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jul; 50(7):3056-64. PMID: 19264882.
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    45. Ho L, Witteman JC, Rohrer B, Hofman A, de Jong PT, Vingerling JR. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 and risk of age-related macular degeneration: the Rotterdam Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Mar; 127(3):340-1. PMID: 19273805.
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    46. Zaman V, Boger HA, Granholm AC, Rohrer B, Moore A, Buhusi M, Gerhardt GA, Hoffer BJ, Middaugh LD. The nigrostriatal dopamine system of aging GFRalpha-1 heterozygous mice: neurochemistry, morphology and behavior. Eur J Neurosci. 2008 Oct; 28(8):1557-68. PMID: 18973577.
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    47. Demos C, Bandyopadhyay M, Rohrer B. Identification of candidate genes for human retinal degeneration loci using differentially expressed genes from mouse photoreceptor dystrophy models. Mol Vis. 2008 Sep 05; 14:1639-49. PMID: 18776951.
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    48. Zhang H, Fan J, Li S, Karan S, Rohrer B, Palczewski K, Frederick JM, Crouch RK, Baehr W. Trafficking of membrane-associated proteins to cone photoreceptor outer segments requires the chromophore 11-cis-retinal. J Neurosci. 2008 Apr 09; 28(15):4008-14. PMID: 18400900.
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    49. Fan J, Rohrer B, Frederick JM, Baehr W, Crouch RK. Rpe65-/- and Lrat-/- mice: comparable models of leber congenital amaurosis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jun; 49(6):2384-9. PMID: 18296659.
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    50. Rohrer B, Guo Y, Kunchithapautham K, Gilkeson GS. Eliminating complement factor D reduces photoreceptor susceptibility to light-induced damage. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Nov; 48(11):5282-9. PMID: 17962484.
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    51. Haq E, Rohrer B, Nath N, Crosson CE, Singh I. S-nitrosoglutathione prevents interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP(161-180))-induced experimental autoimmune uveitis. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jun; 23(3):221-31. PMID: 17593005.
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    52. Wilson RB, Kunchithapautham K, Rohrer B. Paradoxical role of BDNF: BDNF+/- retinas are protected against light damage-mediated stress. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun; 48(6):2877-86. PMID: 17525224.
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    53. Kunchithapautham K, Rohrer B. Apoptosis and autophagy in photoreceptors exposed to oxidative stress. Autophagy. 2007 Sep-Oct; 3(5):433-41. PMID: 17471016.
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    54. Sharma AK, Rohrer B. Sustained elevation of intracellular cGMP causes oxidative stress triggering calpain-mediated apoptosis in photoreceptor degeneration. Curr Eye Res. 2007 Mar; 32(3):259-69. PMID: 17453946.
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    55. Kunchithapautham K, Rohrer B. Autophagy is one of the multiple mechanisms active in photoreceptor degeneration. Autophagy. 2007 Jan-Feb; 3(1):65-6. PMID: 17102584.
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    56. Fan J, Wu BX, Sarna T, Rohrer B, Redmond TM, Crouch RK. 9-cis Retinal increased in retina of RPE65 knockout mice with decrease in coat pigmentation. Photochem Photobiol. 2006 Nov-Dec; 82(6):1461-7. PMID: 16553465.
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    57. Rohrer B, Demos C, Frigg R, Grimm C. Classical complement activation and acquired immune response pathways are not essential for retinal degeneration in the rd1 mouse. Exp Eye Res. 2007 Jan; 84(1):82-91. PMID: 17069800.
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    58. Lohr HR, Kuntchithapautham K, Sharma AK, Rohrer B. Multiple, parallel cellular suicide mechanisms participate in photoreceptor cell death. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Aug; 83(2):380-9. PMID: 16626700.
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    59. Li M, Rohrer B. Gene silencing in Xenopus laevis by DNA vector-based RNA interference and transgenesis. Cell Res. 2006 Jan; 16(1):99-105. PMID: 16467881.
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    60. Richards A, Emondi AA, Rohrer B. Long-term ERG analysis in the partially light-damaged mouse retina reveals regressive and compensatory changes. Vis Neurosci. 2006 Jan-Feb; 23(1):91-7. PMID: 16597353.
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    61. Rohrer B, Crouch R. Rod and cone pigment regeneration in RPE65-/- mice. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2006; 572:101-7. PMID: 17249562.
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    62. Rohrer B, Lohr HR, Humphries P, Redmond TM, Seeliger MW, Crouch RK. Cone opsin mislocalization in Rpe65-/- mice: a defect that can be corrected by 11-cis retinal. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct; 46(10):3876-82. PMID: 16186377.
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    63. Znoiko SL, Rohrer B, Lu K, Lohr HR, Crouch RK, Ma JX. Downregulation of cone-specific gene expression and degeneration of cone photoreceptors in the Rpe65-/- mouse at early ages. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Apr; 46(4):1473-9. PMID: 15790918.
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    64. Zaman V, Nelson ME, Gerhardt GA, Rohrer B. Neurodegenerative alterations in the nigrostriatal system of trkB hypomorphic mice. Exp Neurol. 2004 Dec; 190(2):337-46. PMID: 15530873.
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    65. Wu BX, Moiseyev G, Chen Y, Rohrer B, Crouch RK, Ma JX. Identification of RDH10, an All-trans Retinol Dehydrogenase, in Retinal Muller Cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Nov; 45(11):3857-62. PMID: 15505029.
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    66. Rohrer B, Blanco R, Marc RE, Lloyd MB, Bok D, Schneeweis DM, Reichardt LF. Functionally intact glutamate-mediated signaling in bipolar cells of the TRKB knockout mouse retina. Vis Neurosci. 2004 Sep-Oct; 21(5):703-13. PMID: 15683558.
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    67. Rohrer B, Pinto FR, Hulse KE, Lohr HR, Zhang L, Almeida JS. Multidestructive pathways triggered in photoreceptor cell death of the rd mouse as determined through gene expression profiling. J Biol Chem. 2004 Oct 01; 279(40):41903-10. PMID: 15218024.
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    68. Sharma AK, Rohrer B. Calcium-induced calpain mediates apoptosis via caspase-3 in a mouse photoreceptor cell line. J Biol Chem. 2004 Aug 20; 279(34):35564-72. PMID: 15208318.
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    69. Fan J, Rohrer B, Moiseyev G, Ma JX, Crouch RK. Isorhodopsin rather than rhodopsin mediates rod function in RPE65 knock-out mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Nov 11; 100(23):13662-7. PMID: 14578454.
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    70. Gresh J, Goletz PW, Crouch RK, Rohrer B. Structure-function analysis of rods and cones in juvenile, adult, and aged C57bl/6 and Balb/c mice. Vis Neurosci. 2003 Mar-Apr; 20(2):211-20. PMID: 12916741.
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    71. Rohrer B, Ogilvie JM. Retarded outer segment development in TrkB knockout mouse retina organ culture. Mol Vis. 2003 Jan 24; 9:18-23. PMID: 12552255.
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    72. Rohrer B, Ablonczy Z, Znoiko S, Redmond M, Ma JX, Crouch R. Does constitutive phosphorylation protect against photoreceptor degeneration in Rpe65-/- mice? Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003; 533:221-7. PMID: 15180268.
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    73. Rohrer B, Goletz P, Znoiko S, Ablonczy Z, Ma JX, Redmond TM, Crouch RK. Correlation of regenerable opsin with rod ERG signal in Rpe65-/- mice during development and aging. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Jan; 44(1):310-5. PMID: 12506090.
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    74. Zaman V, Li Z, Middaugh L, Ramamoorthy S, Rohrer B, Nelson ME, Tomac AC, Hoffer BJ, Gerhardt GA, Granholm ACh. The noradrenergic system of aged GDNF heterozygous mice. Cell Transplant. 2003; 12(3):291-303. PMID: 12797383.
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    75. Wu BX, Chen Y, Chen Y, Fan J, Rohrer B, Crouch RK, Ma JX. Cloning and characterization of a novel all-trans retinol short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase from the RPE. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Nov; 43(11):3365-72. PMID: 12407145.
      Citations:    
    76. Ablonczy Z, Crouch RK, Goletz PW, Redmond TM, Knapp DR, Ma JX, Rohrer B. 11-cis-retinal reduces constitutive opsin phosphorylation and improves quantum catch in retinoid-deficient mouse rod photoreceptors. J Biol Chem. 2002 Oct 25; 277(43):40491-8. PMID: 12176991.
      Citations:    
    77. Macky TA, Oelkers C, Rix U, Heredia ML, Künzel E, Wimberly M, Rohrer B, Crosson CE, Rohr J. Synthesis, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and rat retinal toxicity of a novel mitomycin C-triamcinolone acetonide conjugate. J Med Chem. 2002 Feb 28; 45(5):1122-7. PMID: 11855992.
      Citations:    
    78. Rohrer B. Gene dosage effect of the TrkB receptor on rod physiology and biochemistry in juvenile mouse retina. Mol Vis. 2001 Dec 12; 7:288-96. PMID: 11754334.
      Citations:    
    79. Rohrer B, LaVail MM, Jones KR, Reichardt LF. Neurotrophin receptor TrkB activation is not required for the postnatal survival of retinal ganglion cells in vivo. Exp Neurol. 2001 Nov; 172(1):81-91. PMID: 11681842.
      Citations:    
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